CHAIN LETTER ARCHIVE - ANNOTATED INDEX
Daniel W. VanArsdale
The chain letters in the Paper Chain Letter Archive are html files
containing transcribed text and documentation. These files reside
in the http://www.silcom.com/~barnowl/chain-letter/archive/ directory.
This annotated index lists the clickable names of all files in the
archive. A one line description follows each filename. These are highly
variable. The Paper Chain Letter Archive is
cited extensively by Chain Letter Evolution
(a history and analysis of paper chain letters), and the companion
article The Origin of Money Chain Letters. You
may copy or link to any chain letter in the archive without
These public files and directories pertaining
to paper chain letters are present in the /archive/ directory.
Technical information on documenting, naming and formatting
archive entries. Additional acknowledgments.
THIS FILE, which
lists, links to, and annotates the chain letters in the Paper
Chain Letter Archive.
chain letter files LINKS
LISTED BELOW. Text and documentation of each of the chain letters
in the archive.
/french/ A directory containing some
French language chain letters. Contents listed in !content-fr.
/german/ A directory containing some German
language chain letters. Contents listed in !content-ge.
/russian/ A directory containing some
Russian language chain letters. Contents listed in !content-ru.
These are two small archives in the /chain-letter/ directory.
/e-archive/ Contains chain emails mentioned
in Chain Letter Evolution. Contents listed at !contents-e.
/photo-archive/ Contains photographs related to chain
letters. Contents listed at !contents-ph.
CHAIN LETTER FILES
Every chain letter in the archive is transcribed exactly as
written. Each appears as a separate html file (extension htm).
The names of these files are selected so they order usefully by
name, and provide information about the letter.
Ordering is by (1) motivational category, (2) language, (3)
circulation date (if published in a newspaper, the date of the
FILE NAMING ABBREVIATIONS
Motivational categories: a = advocacy, c = charity, j =
parody, l = luck, m = money, r = religion, w = world record, x =
Other categories: h = Himmelsbrief, i = related items.
Definitions of these ten categories are given at the beginning
of each block of corresponding items below.
Languages: d =
Dutch, e = English, f = French, g = German,
ic = Icelandic, pl = Polish, pr = Portuguese.
Dates: xxxx = year only, xxxx-xx = year
and month only, xxxx-xx-xx = year-month-day
Uncertainty in date = "u" immediately after year or month.
Example: 1935-05u means the month "05" is uncertain.
Source designators used directly at the end of the
date: p = published, p1 = found using newspapers.com,
p2 = found using newspaperarchive.com, xxx = various horde designations.
Chain letter specifications: s = send,
q = copy quota, w = wait, d = deadline, n5 = a list with 5 names.
Incomplete text is designated by an underline at
the end of the filename. Example: le1960-03-026p_bym_n28_.htm
Example: le1906-06-30p1_ap_recite_q9.htm is the filename
for a luck chain letter (l) in English (e) in a newspaper dated
June 30, 1906, found using the online database newspapers.com
(p1). It is a type called Ancient Prayer (ap), has the
word "recite" in its text, and asks for nine copies (q9).
The first item in the notes following the filenames describes
the physical form of the original source for the text of the chain
Here are abbreviations used to describe this physical form.
Lt. A handwritten or typed letter.
Prtd. A machine printed letter or
PC A picture postcard, or government issued postal card.
PhC A circulating photocopy.
Publ. A publication, or commercially produced postcard.
Additional abbreviations appear in red type
in many of the categories below.
the category name below will transfer within this index to the
list of archive items of that category. The categories are arranged
alphabetically by their one letter abbreviation given above (a, c,
h, i, j, l, m, r, w, x).
Advocacy Charity Himmelsbrief
Items Parody Luck Money Religion World Record
Advocacy chain letters promote some cause
other than religion, and do not ask that money be sent. Often they
involve a petition.
Also included in this category are announcements and invitations.
a = Advocacy, e = English, p =
from a publication, q = copy quota, d = deadline
Publ. - partial. Handbill citing the crimes of the "foreign
devils." Boxer rebellion. Six or ten copies.
Publ. "You are cordially invited to join the ranks of
suffrage advocates in Oklahoma."
Publ. Endless chain of prayer for defeat of McKinley. W.C.T.U.
Two copies - one to out of state.
Publ. "New Scheme to Promote Purchase of Fair Goods."
Lt. "a mammoth petition ... for a National law to prohibit
the sale of cigarettes to minors."
Publ. Prayer chain for sabbath closing. Alleged by Donald Wickets
(George Sylvester Viereck pseudonym).
PC "A National league is being founded to start a crusade against
the cigarette habit."
Publ. U. S. Moral Society, Philadelphia. Claim it
is fake - denounced by W.C.T.U.
PC "A National League has been formed ..." "A Mammoth Petition
is to be sent to Congress..."
Publ. Chain letter by Negroes denounces proposed
Oklahoma state constitution.
Text (front & back) of temperance postcard - spaces for
four addresses. Link to image.
Publ. Detailed instructions for conscientious objectors
to conscription for WWI.
ae1917-11-05p_antiwar_nyt.htm Publ. NYT. Refers to
La Follete's speech of 4/8/17. "...and send ... to friends of immediate
Publ. Chain letter urging suppression of malicious stories
against US war effort.
Publ. Opposing cooperation with Royal Irish Police
- by Sinn Fein.
Publ. Opposes prohibition. "Send this letter to five wet
Publ. "Owing to the unfair jump in the price of sugar and
for no apparent cause ..."
Publ. Automobile safety campaign. ccc = "Cross crossings
cautiously" See luck letters.
Publ. NYT, 11/23/27. Chain petition started to draft
Coolidge for President in 1928.
Urges spending, enterprise and a positive attitude to revive
the US economy.
ae1932-02-13p1_China-Japan_qu_.htm Publ. Advocates boycott
of all things Japanese.
Typed letter. Asks Pres. Hoover to modify prohibition.
Publ. " ... on May
1, 1935, we will all start together, buying and working."
Publ. A chain letter invitation to an "unusual" party.
From Helen Mont - concurrent suicide.
Publ. PC. anti-Roosevelt. "Ten million postcards will
kill this third term talk." Quota 5.
Publ. Chain petition - anti-war. "Is your life worth
5 cents to you?"
Publ. American Neutrality League (partial). Opposes US
entry in war in Europe.
ae1940-08-15_willkie_q10.htm Lt. Advocates Republican Wendell Willkie for President.
No money. Provided by Wendell Peterson.
Publ & chain letter. Used in 1940 Presidential campaign.
Publ. Advocating 15 day buying boycott protesting
high price of butter, meat, eggs.
Publ. NYT. "I do not agree with
the dictatorship of the Communist party in the Czechoslovak Republic
PC. A B&W portrait & promotion for Nixon for Pres. Ordering
Publ. "Have you ever had the urge to tell Drew Pearson
to 'go to hell?'" KKK
ae1985-11-14_nonukes_q10.htm Lt. "... support of a world wide
movement for nuclear disarmament."
Lt. "Write ten scholars you know and send a copy to Professor Ito
Lt. "I am continuing this chain as a expression
of a world-wide movement for nuclear disarmament."
Lt. Recruiting for Greenham peace camps. "They do not need gifts
of food but more women to go and stay there."
Lt. "I have received a letter which is a part of
a chain that started in Nagoya University, Japan."
PhC - transcription. Libelous Proctor & Gamble boycott for Satanism.
List of products. Link to
PhC. "Dr. Mzobanzi Mboya ... has initiated
a chain ... to abolish apartheid in South Africa."
PhC "Please join the chain by writing ten further
teachers, and send a copy of your letter to Dr. M. Mboya ..."
"If you agree ..., please
copy it and send it on to other addresses like
a round-robin letter."
ae1988-07-28_apartheid_q10.htm PhC "A
chain letter linking world academics in solidarity for the abolition
of apartheid in South Africa ..."
PhC "Madelyn Murray O'Hare ... could stop the reading of the
gospel on airways of America."
PhC "Madelyn O'Hare is also campaigning
to remove all Christmas songs and carols from public schools."
CHAIN LETTERS (40)
A charity chain letter requests money or
some item be sent to a fixed address, ostensibly for charitable,
religious, political or memorial purposes.
c = Charity, e = English, s=send,
c=cent, d =dime, D=dollar, sd = send dime
Publ. "... returning this, with one dollar enclosed,
to James P. Foster ..."
Publ. Editor was asked to confirm legitimacy. "Mrs.
J. H. Hinsdale is authorized to collect ..."
Lt. For education in the Cumberlands. NOT self-terminating.
sd = send dime
ce1888-12-22_nh-church_sdq2.htm Lt. To erect a New Hampshire
church. Sent Dec. 22, 1888. No. 5/13.
Publ. From George W. Martin to help
him become a Christian missionary.
Lt. For orphan home in Iowa. Self-terminating at 791 generations.
This no. 112 (112/791).
ce1895-04-13_SuttonNebChurch_9of40_sdq2 Lt. For new church
building in Sutton, Neb. Send dime, two copies. No. 9 of 40.
Lt. For a widow in Marshall, Mo. With adjoining letter. No.
Lt. For Good Will Farm for boys, Freeman, Maine. No. 45/50.
Lt. For Christian Widows and Orphans Home, Louisville, Ky. No. 28/58.
Lt. For the Christian Orphans Home of Louisville, Ky., as above.
No. 21/58. No reliable date.
Lt. From auction photos. Ten cents for Somerville,
N.J. hospital. No. 19/100.
Lt. Seeks one million stamps for children's ward - New South Wales.
Lt. - typed on RR stationery. For a monument to the late President
McKinley. No. 14.
Publ. Seeks to locate missing woman and her nephew. From Evanston,
Illinois. See 1910.
Publ. Dime for Canton, Ohio monument. Mentions imposing on
ce1903-05-08_barnardo_q3_e.htm Lt. For the Barnardo homes
for children. No. 130/180.
Publ. Seeking a million used stamps (ten at a time)
to furnish children's ward.
ce1905-10-26_mckinley_sdq3.htm Lt. Another for McKinley monument
in Canton, Ohio. No. 209.
Lt. Copied from unsold eBay lot. For Democratic House campaigns
& resulting investigations.
Lt. For the children's ward (see 1900). Mentioned by Oxford
English Dictionary. No. 375/480.
Publ. "... in receipt of a letter ..." "... one to
a near friend, others far away ..."
Publ. Flood relief ($1) for Hamilton, Ohio. Copy quota
Publ. Claims $.10 to be turned over to Red Cross. Self-terminated
at 12. No. 8.
ce1915-04up_redcross_s24q4.htm Publ. For anesthetics for allied
war wounded. Exceeded original 100 termination.
Lt. For W.D. Westberry ("Billy"), an old railroad man. No.
30/50. See 1916.
Lt. Tobacco for "the boys at the front." Send 25c "in silver."
Publ. For Billy. Complete text. No. 34/50. See 1915.
Publ. Anaesthetics for allied hospitals in England.
Send 24 cents. Four copies. Abundant.
ce1918-03-29_warthrift_q5.htm Lt. - transcribed from auction
photo. Sends one war Thrift Stamp on card with more spaces.
Lt. Another Thrift Stamp chain, typed. With envelope and card with
one 25c Thrift Stamp.
Lt. Thrift Stamp - Van Norsdall Automatic Oiler Co. No stamp, but
with Christmas club card.
Lt. For relief of suffering in Germany incident
to the war. Send via Red Cross. No. 95/100.
ce1935-07-17p_flood_sdq3_.htm Publ. Fragment: Send dime for
flood victims (Red Cross).
Lt. Wants $1 to re-elect Ohio Senator Howard Taft. From discarded
railroad police files.
Publ. As above, slight changes in text. Cuts off
ce1964-02-19p_evers_s$1q9.htm Publ. Asks $1 be sent to Miss.
Gov. Ross Barnett for family of slain civil rights leader Medgar
Publ. Asks that get-well cards be sent to 7 year old cancer
patient Craig Shergold for Guinness record.
Lt. Asks that business cards be sent to 7 year old cancer
patient Craig Shergold for Guinness record.
Lt. Seeks $10 for Home Care Program, Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.
By Carol Farkas.
HIMMELSBRIEF - LETTERS FROM HEAVEN
The Letters from Heaven (German: Himmelsbrief)
claim to have been written by God or some divine agent. They often
command Sabbath observance and promise the bearer magical protection.
All but a few of the Himmelsbrief texts in the archive are from
h = Himmelsbrief, e = English,
sab = Jesus' sabbath letter
Prtd. Jesus' Sabbath letter & Miracles, King Agbarus to Christ,
Christ's answer, and Lentulus's Epistle.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Found at Iconium. Also called
The Lady Cubas Letter.
by Anand Yang. Injunctions from Hindu Letters from Heaven, 19th
Prtd. Catholic. Partial Jesus' Sabbath letter. Oration. Account
of the Passion. List of miracles.
The King Charles Himmelsbrief. From the Pennsylvania Dutch country.
Berks County Historical Society.
Publ. The Holstein Himmelsbrief. Much protection against weapons.
The translation has been criticized.
The Count Philip Himmelsbrief. Used in the Revolutionary War.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Article has King Agbarrus'
letter and Jesus' reply (neither transcribed)
Publ. "...as Christ stopped at the Mount Olive all guns shall
Publ. (1) Letter from Jesus to King Agbar of Edessa. (2) Letter
from King Agbar to Jesus.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Circulated in the Virgin Islands.
Publ. Himmelsbrief - circulating in south through mails.
Little text given for this version.
Publ. Himmelsbrief - circulating in south through mails.
Much text for this version.
Copy of Prtd. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Circulated during the
1940's. From Newfoundland.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Purchased by Goodspeed from a street
Prtd. The Madgeburg Himmelsbrief. Printed in the US in 1951.
Publ. Used in WWII and Vietnam. Accounts of bearers returning
from war unharmed.
sab_Latter-Day.htm Publ. "Whosoever worketh on the Sabbath
..." Added: paragraph on "later-day".
Email. Posted to an Islamic Coins list. Islamic Himmelsbrief
with Lottery24 adjoined.
Lt. Holstein type letter from heaven. Protections. No sabbath
observance. Dog test. No original German.
Prtd. English translation by Kate Gladstone of hg1887u_germain_image1
hic1200_jesus_sab_iceland_.htm Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Icelandic language (ic).
This category contains paper items related to chain letters.
i = item , pc = post card
Publ. The "Parisian Skirt" chain selling plan is described
in a personal letter from a woman to her cousin.
PC Proto-PC exchange? Three names & addresses on picture
side. Asks 1 PC be sent.
Image of front & back (stitched) of remailer postcard -
stamps stacked. Link to image..
Image of front & back (stitched) of remailer postcard -
stamps in a row. "
PC Responds to a request for a "Post card shower." Ask for one in
PC Solicits a shilling (Postal Order) for more cards like this -
to benefit a church school (?).
PC - real photo of sender's farm tank. Requests a "card shower"
for his mother for her birthday.
ie1916-11-28_pc_askExchange.htm PC - scan from eBay. Asks recipient to return a postcard.
ie1935-05-10z-pyramid_guaranteed.htm Lt. Revealing letter
on The Guaranteed Prosperity Club. With me1935-05-10_guaranteed_s$1n6.
Typed Office humor - "That leaves you
to do the work." "Eligible for Townsend pension - 50,000,000."
ie1937_xcl-pc-sent_note.htm PC >email. Sends PC to XCL
2nd from top. "I would be pleased to exchange view cars with you."
PC "I received your name through a Chain letter ..." "I am just
a farmer's wife and I enjoy farming ..."
PC "Don't think it was very sporting of you to break a chain."
Match Book cover. Undated, est. 1940. Ads from "Crazy House"
in Baltimore. "Crazy Chain Letters"
Image of matchbook cover (front & back) with ads for novelties
including Crazy Chain Letters.
ie1941uu_xe_hankies_coll-41_ebay.htm eBay lot description - collection of 41 hankies using XCL.
ie1945-08-14_warst_response.htm Lt. " ... was sent to
me and your name was at the top of the list. So I am enclosing a 25c
ie1945u_pc_penpal-request PC. Donna Reno, apparently responding to a postcard
exchange, asks for a pen pal. Date very uncertain.
Publ. Ill fate of 8 tycoons who met in Chicago in 1923. Before Gene
Lt. - England. A response to a hankie exchange chain letter.
Hankie enclosed in envelope.
PC "Barbara Buster sent me a chain letter, so here's your
post card. Barbara Gentry"
PC "You don't know who I am but I'm on the chain that Hope started
and I glad to send you this card."
ie1963-02-16p1_Tycoons-Fate_Bowler.htm Publ. Said to come
from bowling equipment manufacturer. Predates Gene Sarazen postscript.
ie1966-07-28p1_Tycoons_Sarazen!_Mockridge Publ. "Food for Thought: with earliest
Gene Sarazen postscript. Also see next.
a web page. "Conclusion: Stop worrying about your money and get out
and play golf."
ie1967-10-21p1_Food4Thought_golferSarazen.htm Publ. Untitled "Food for Thought" (ill fated tycoons).
With Gene Sarazen addition.
Publ. (local). On menu of Cafe Pizzeria, Bloomington, IN. "Play
Golf" office humor item.
Publ. Esquire, Aug. 1977. Reduced "Play
Golf" office humor item.
PhC. Office humor item. Mock tourist Arabic for dealing with terrorism.
LETTERS - JOKES (47)
Parody letters mock the style
and methods of circulating chain letters. The request for copies
may not be serious, but parody letters often circulate in the mails.
j = parody (joke), e = English,
wifex = wife exchange type, husbx = husband exchange type, fertclub
= fertilizer club type
Publ. Asks recipient to introduce marriageable man to named
Lt. Parody of Send-a-Dime (SD). Send soiled toilet paper. Signed
"Lucy Bowels" (web research) & others.
je1935_pullchain.htm Lt. Parody of SD. The "Pull Chain
Letter". Send a roll of toilet paper.
Lt. Pull Chain Letter. No joke names Send roll of toilet paper.
Wipe out national debt.
Publ. "In Bacchus We Bust"
"Within three drinks make five copies ..."
Publ. Parody - partial text. Send bale of hay, used socks, used
Lt. Parody. "Chastisement Club". Kick five SD senders twice in
the ass. Five copies to robust friends.
je1935rr_kick.htm Lt. "Kick
in the Ass Chain". Two kicks to five senders. From railroad detective
Publ. "When you receive this letter, buy yourself a gun and
shoot the guy at the top ..."
Publ. Reno Prosperity Chain. "... you should
receive 15,125 women."
Publ. Wife exchange parody. "...bundle up your wife and
send her ..."
Publ. Ends: "... you will receive 3125 women." No "Reno" US,
Publ. "One man broke the chain and got his own wife back."
Publ. "...send a copy ... to five soldiers ..."
Wife back. "15,625 gorgeous girls"
Publ. "...started in Reno ..." "...15,176 Gorgeous
Girls." Wife back joke.
Lt. "Reno" "...16,179 women." With list of 7
names: "Tommy Manville ..."
Publ. "Man's Paradise Chain Letter." "...receive 6,718
women." Wife back joke.
Publ. "Wife" substituted for "husband". Otherwise
standard for time. Receive 15,188 men.
Lt. Wife exchange parody. Friend received 183 women - died.
Had smile (earliest).
Publ Smile on face joke. 16,178 men.
Prtd. PC. Wife exchange commercial postcard. You will get 188 women.
Lt. "...started in Peoria" Nine celebrity names. Undertaker joke
as a PS.
Publ. Wife exchange letter. Get 3246 women. One man broke chain
- got own wife back.
PC - unmailed. Commercial postcard from England. Wife exchange.
PC - unmailed. Exactly as above, except US "dillies" is "smashers"
PC - unmailed. Commercial postcard, no illustration - prtd.
text only. Get 188 women.
Publ. Get 625 women. Both: "got old lady back" and got 256 women,
died with a smile.
Publ. from mimeograph. Get 16,4487 women. Like je1955_wifex - both concluding jokes.
PC - mailed 4/17/1956 from Oklahoma. Get 5,814 women. Commercial
Publ. Get 16,740 women. Like je1955_wifex - both concluding jokes.
je1959-05-23p_wifex_16478.htm Publ. Get 16,487 women. Only
concluding joke: got old lady back.
PC - mailed 4/11/1962 from Utah. Same card as je1956-04.
PC - commercial, unmailed. "the Republican Chain Letter". Opposes
Publ. Husband exchange - from Walter Winchell. Undertakers
je1971-12p_fertclub!_3267.htm Publ. Crap on lawn of first
address. Get 3267 same. Lucy Bowels on list. Earliest fertclub.
Commercial Card Smile (but no undertakers). Joli
Publ. Substitution in wife exchange parody. Get 16,436
Publ. Husband Exchange - earliest collected. "...to
get smile off face."
Lt. > PhC. Early Husband Exchange. Get 16,874 men. Both
je1980-06-17_wifex_2000.htm Lt. Get over 2,000 women. Slots
for 8 names. One man ... got his own bitch back."
je1985-03-02_wifex_16487.htm Lt. Get 16,487 women. Undertaker
joke is a PS. Collected by William Hansen.
PhC - typed original. "One woman ... got her own S.O.B. back."
PhC - word processor original. Started as
a commercial promotion of a print shop.
PhC - late generation. "... there will be 9,2218 people shitting
on your lawn."
PhC Landscape format. "If you are constipated, pass this on ..."
Publ. Circulated in Australia. "It took ... two days to get her
PhC "A Chain Letter for Women Only" Collected by Michael Preston.
LUCK CHAIN LETTERS (613)
Luck chain letters appeal
primarily to superstition, promising good luck if the letter is
copied and distributed and bad luck if it is not. They are often
called "prayer" chains because many prior types contained a prayer
or Bible verse.
l = luck, e = English, q =
copy quota, d = deadline in hours or days, ap = ancient prayer type, gl = good luck type, Fl = Flanders
pr = Prosperity type, Fl-pr = Flanders-prosperity type, bym
= luck by mail type, d20 = death20 type, ld = lottery-death type,
dl = death-lottery type
PhC. File name: l = luck, d = Dutch language, 1989 = date, u
= uncertain date, dl = letter type.
Lt. Earliest known Ancient Prayer type. Blamed on
Bishop Lawrence. q = copy quota = 9 days.
Publ. "He who recites this prayer ..." "At Jerusalem, during
holy mass ..."
Publ. "Purify us from all sins by your precious blood
..." "At Jerusalem, ..."
Publ. Doubled Ancient Prayer & 4 prayers. Catholic
circulation. "Bishop of Rome"
Publ. Partial text. Early Catholic form. Promises immunity
from drowning, arrest. Italian?
Publ. Lawrence. Recite. "dreadful accident" "At
Jerusalem it was heard said:"
Publ. Two prayers. From Pope. Warns son assassinated. Must
Lt. Recommended by the "Bishop of Lorain". Voice heard in Jerusalem
Publ. "Bishop Lenonce" Twin prayers. "... a voice was heard
..." Signed Winston oJurnal.
Publ. Bishop Lawrence denies involvement. Chain letter text is probably
partial. Full prayer.
Publ. "... terrible accident, so the friend wrote
who sent this to me."
le1906-07-04_ap_lawrence_q9w9.htm PC. Recite it and be "delivered
from all calamity." Earliest for many memes. Mary E. Erb.
Publ. Partial text only. "I want you to be a
link in an endless prayer chain ..."
Publ. "He who will not say this prayer, will be
afflicted with some misfortune."
Publ. Preface: "I send this prayer to you as it was
sent to me ..." "Bishop Tervice's"
Publ. Title: "Endless Prayer Chain" "Bishop Lawrence" "...during
the Holy Feast"
Publ. Standard text. "... one person who paid no attention
to it ..."
Publ. "...sent out by Bishop Lawrence of Mass. ..."
"Try it and see. It will do no harm."
Publ. No title. Bishop Lawrence. "He who rewrites the
prayer ..." Approving context!
Publ. "... we implore thee, the one eternal God..."
Publ. "...met with a terrible accident..." "precious
blood" "holy feast"
Publ. "Bishop Lawrence of Massachusetts" "I am quite
sure this will interest you." heard
Publ. "Oh Lord jesus we implore thee Oh Eternal God
le1906-12-24_ap_lawrence_notes_e.htm Lt. "This prayer was sent by Bishop Lawrence ..." Fulfillment
of prayer note. England.
Publ. "Keep my from all sins by Thy precious word ..."
"met with a terrible accident."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "And persons who paid no attention
..." LEFT ON DOORSTEPS.
Publ. Bishop Leonard (actual person, denied signing).
"... receive luck in business and ..."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. Linkage. "At Jerusalem at
the Holy Feast ..."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "Endless prayer chain" "...
great accident." "... will be afflicted."
Publ. "Below is a prayer chain just as it was sent to
me..." ... "Now, please send it to others."
Publ. Most of text just described. Negative testimonial - an
accident. "Bishop Lawrence" gone.
Publ. "This prayer was sent by Bishop Warren" "a terrible
PC. Greatly corrupted and simplified text. "... and make a wish
while writing" No dated postmark.
PC. Bears earlier features. No blood or calamity. The year
is uncertain - requires detective work.
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "Dear Friend - I am sending you a
prayer, received by a request to ..."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "Let not this chain be broken. -
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. Title: "The endless chain of
prayer" "Trusting that the blessings of God ..."
le1908-03-19_ap_lawrence_malta.htm PC. From Malta. "Endless
Chain Prayer" "I will write as soon as possible love Frank."
PC. From England. "Keep us from all evil and take us to thy Home
Publ. "Bishop Laurence" "... copy as soon as received."
"Trusting that the blessing of God ..."
Publ. Title: "The Prayer." Bishop Lawrence. "Trusting
that the blessing of God may rest upon you ..."
Publ. Fogel sees this is as derived from a Himmelsbrief. Here "commencing"
was likely "starting" in others.
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "terrible misfortune" "Trusting
that the blessing of God may rest ..."
le1909-02-04p1_ap_lawrence_q9.htm Publ. "Endless chain
prayer" "...please copy as received..." No threat.
Publ. No author given. No title. "...but you must make a
wish when writing."
PC. Leads with: "Please copy and . . . see what will happen"
(early). "... in Jesus' time" (early).
Publ. Title: An Ancient Prayer. "Oh, Love us Jesus
..." Signed "X".
Publ. No Lawrence. "...make a wish while writing it..."
"Do not sign your name."
le1909-04-26_ap_blood_hap!.htm Lt. "Make a wish while writing
..." Signed "Your friend in Christ"
PC. "Keep us from evil by his precious blood." Signed "A. friend"
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "The above is an exact copy ..." "Make
a wish while writing."
Publ. "Dear friend:" Much Linkage. "...thy precious blood."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer." "The above is an exact
copy of a strange mission ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Make a wish while writing." Signed
"A FRIEND" New York Times.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "...some great pay on the ninth
day." "Male a wish when writing ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "...by thy precious hand..."
"This prayer was sent to me."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "... take us to heaven ..."
"The ninth day ... get your wish."
PC. From England. "... it is an exact copy of an ancient prayer."
"This must not be signed. A.C."
PC. From England. "... sent to me to copy it & see
what will happen.."
Publ. "Read carefully and well the underwritten. Make your
wish while writing it."
Publ. Canadian Ancient Prayer type. For women. "An Answer
PC. "Those who write it ... stating the day received ..." Previously
"stating" was "starting". "Jesus time".
PC > transcription. Has "stating"
and "Jesus' time" - likely copying errors for "starting" and "Jerusalem"
Publ. Linkage. "Make a wish while writing." "It
cannot be signed."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" Many miscopies. "... will
be delivered from all ailments."
PC. Uses "starting the day received" - the sense on le1908u. But le1910-10 uses miscopy "stating"!
Publ. "Make a wish while writing the prayer ..." "It
must not be signed."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "...make a wish and do not fail to
write to nine friends ..."
Publ. From the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Promises
delivery "from all ailments."
Publ. Not clear if titled "An Ancient Prayer". For
women: " ... she who will copy this ..."
PC. "Received Aug. 11, 1911" at top. "O lord Jesus we implore
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Sign no name, only
Publ. "One Ancient Prayer" "...only date Rec'd" "...see
what happens." Picture postcard.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Copy it and see what happens."
Publ. Ancient Prayer. "This prayer was sent to me
and all over he world." "Jesus' time"
Publ. Title: "Our ancient prayer." "Your joy will
come on the ninth day."
PC in letter. Why did someone send R
the same postcard she had received 3 years previously?
PC. "...we implore thee To keep all mankind to keep us from evil
to keep us dwell with Him in eternity."
"Sign no name only date of receiving. May 26, 1912" But PC
is postmarked 4/3/1912.
PC. Initial date received. Expectation. "Do not sign". Pennsylvania.
PC. "No name sign date only don't forget to copy nine times."
Provided by Robert Bezilla.
PC - flowers. "Sign nothing but day received."
At top: "Received April 19th"
Publ. "This prayer is being sent all over the world."
"Jesus' time" "...state the day received."
le1912-04-20p1_ap_xsign-early.htm Publ. "An Ancient
Prayer" "Sign no name and see what it will bring to you."
PC. "This prayer was sent to me and must be sent all over the
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Send to nine (9) friends
within nine (9) days, ..."
PC Short & near canonical. "O Lord I implore thee to bless
all mankind take us to dwell with thee."
Lt. "Sign no name and see what it will bring you." Probably
had a postcard ancestor.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" Postcards. "Sign no name,
just date when received." Good .
Publ. "This prayer was sent to one and all, over the
world." "... sign no name."
Publ. "Our Ancient Prayer" "... meet through some misfortune."
PC "Recieved this June 15th - " " ... all who translated
it ..." Ontario, Canada.
le1912-06-30_ap_happiness.htm PC "Copy it and see what happiness
comes to you."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Start today." "Copy all
I have written."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This was sent to me to be sent
all over the world."
ap_OurPrayer_walk.htm PC Title: "Our Prayer" "...bring
us to walk with Thee." "Sign no name only the date."
PC (copied). Title: "An Ancint Prayer" Deadline 10 days. Quota 9, Wait
9 days. England.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was sent to me and
is to go around the world."
PC Postmark mostly illegible. "who it passed by would meet
with ...". Michigan
PC "This prayer was sent to me Jan. 21, 1913 and is to be sent
all over the world."
Publ. "...pass it on and see what happens."
"... make a wish each day when writing ..."
PC From England. "Lord Jesus I implore thee to have mercy on all
"Received by me Jan. 20. Sent by me Jan. 23."
le1914-02-11_ap_hap_texas.htm PC "It was at the time of Jesus that all who wrote it
would be delivered."
PC "Your joy will come in nine days."
PC "Copy it and send it to nine friends within nine days and
on the tenth day you will meet some great joy."
Publ. "This prayer was sent to me and is to be copied
and sent all over the World ..."
"O Jesus our prayer implores thee to bless all mankind."
PC Canada. Lead: "An Ancient Prayer March 26" Last: "Don't alter
spelling March 17"
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "It was said in Jesus' trial
..." "Write nine only."
PC "An Ancient Prayer" "Date only." Chicago.
le1914-04-27_ap_APrayer_hap.htm PC "A Prayer, -Oh Lord we
pray thee Bless us and keep us from all evil ..."
Publ. "I pray Thee to bless and deliver me ..."
" ... send it on the day you receive it."
PC - Flooded Mohawk 1913. "This prayer is to be sent all over the
PC. "Send no name, do not alter any word in Spelling."
PC > transcribed from auction photo. "It was said in Jerusalem
..." - throw back.
PC Postmarked in Montezuma, Iowa. "Ever Ancient Prayer" Hard
to read pencil.
Published image of text. "... send to nine friends in
nine days, and the tenth day you will ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was sent to
me and is sent all over the world."
PC from England. "Send no name only date when received don't alter
words or spelling."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" " ... cleansed from all
evil." "Received by me Jan. 27, 1915."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was passed
on to me on its way round the world."
Publ. 18 word prayer. "...being sent all around."
"Send no name: do not break the chain."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" " ... and is to be sent
to all the world."
Publ. "This prayer was sent to me and is being sent all
around." "Copy it and keep it ..."
PC Postmarked in Reading, PA. Title: "An American Prayer"
le1915-05-12_ap_hap.htm PC >
transcription. "Do not break the chain. Do not alter words."
Lt. "... was sent to me by some friend and it is to be sent
by the chain letter system to all the world"
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "It is said in Jerusalem ..."
"This is not to be signed."
Publ. "I have just received the following ..." "Keep
us to dwell with Thee."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" List of 20 names! - almost
Publ. Literate rewrites. " ... all of those who assist
in its dissemination will be free from calamity ..."
le1916-01-09p_ap_nyt.htm Publ. Catholic Archbishop denounces
AP as "rank superstition" & a sin "against the first commandment
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Dear Friend" intro letter:
linkage & repeats instructions.
Publ. Postcard. Title: "Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was sent
to be sent around the world."
PC "An Ancient Prayer" "Sign no name only address card:"
Publ. Has explanatory first paragraph: "Dear Friend:
--I have received the following letter ..."
PC Extensive linkage before "Ancient Prayer" title.
"... realize its promise."
le1916-07-15_ap_hap_q7_e.htm PC > PhC. From England. "... bless our Soldiers and
Sailors ..." "... peace in our time." Quota 7!
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "
... bring victory to the allies." "... sent from Russia ..." q9.
Lt. "America Chain Prayer" "Lord I implore you, Bless our
soldiers and sailors, ..." Quota 7.
PC Leads with "Be of good cheer at all times." "Sign and date
when you receive it."
PC Same text as above, different view card. Prepared by same person,
to send out.
Publ. No title on transcription. "It was said in olden times
..." Copy quota and wait seven days.
le1917-10-05Hero_ap_victory.htm PC - to Miss H. "...we implore
thee to give victory to the allies." "... from Russia and Scotland."
PC "Red Cross Chain." "... we implore
Thee to bless all mankind and bring Victory to our allies."
le1917-10-12Hero_ap_victory.htm PC "Lord Jesus we implore
thee to give victory to the Allies." "... from Russia via Scotland
Publ. "...be merciful to all mankind, and bring victory
to all our allies." "...Russia..."
Publ. "Red Cross Chain." "Do not forget this day for the next
Publ. "Red Cross Chain" (Only in title). "... it was sent from
Russia via Scotland"
Publ. Russia - Scotland - San Francisco - Seattle
le1917-12-03_ap_victory_e.htm PC > transcribed. From England.
"Love. Grace, we implore the victory of the Allies."
Publ. "Lord Jesus, we implore thee to bring victory to
Publ. Titled "Endless Chain of Prayer" "... blessing
on all nations, soldiers and sailors." Quota seven.
Publ. Outlier - "woman in black" informs all to say
"Blessed be Mary, Blessed be Jesus"
Typed. "The cradel chain of Flanders." Asks for
full signature. Quota seven.
Publ. "This prayer was said by Masons in ancient times."
Lt. "The endless chain of God" "Send this to 7 married
women ..." "Copy and sign your name."
Publ. Fragment. "... if you
will write a letter to seven married couples ..."
Publ. No prayer. Linkage. " Send to seven married women ..."
"... started in Flanders Field."
Lt. handwritten. "The endless chain of prayer." "...who is married."
Publ. Found with newspapers.com "Send
it to seven married ladies ..." Quota seven.
Publ. From a Missouri newspaper. "Send it to seven married
people..." "Flanders Field"
Publ. Prototype for Good Luck letter. "This chain
was started by an American"
Publ. Earliest Good Luck type. No list
- postcard "A deluge of postcards has fallen on England."
le1922-05-29p2_gl_Jamaica_q9d24w9.htm Publ. "...started
by an American officer 'Buddie' ..." Original on a postcard. From
Publ. Names present but none given - "mostly women." As above
but started by "Buddie".
Publ. List of 20 names - not given. No "smilin". "...have
some great good fortune."
Publ. Early "smiling". Standard text. May have had
list of prior senders.
Lt. - blue typing. Leads with 30 name pairs. This from: Birmingham,
Ala. June 8, 1922. See next.
Lt. - blue typing. From recipient of above. This from: Felix,
Ala. June 13. Separate: 9 addresses to send it to.
Publ. "Good Luck" "...you will have some great good
fortune." "Let's all go smiling though 1922."
Publ. Standard 1922 Good Luck chain letter.
Publ. Standard 1922 Good Luck chain letter.
le1922-07-06p_gl_lardner_q9d24w9.htm Publ. In August,
Ring Lardner has already received 12 Good Luck CLs since summer.
le1922-07-10p1_gl_q9d24n35.htm Publ. Typical 1922 Good Luck letter. Had list of 35 names
Publ. Standard - redundancy. Transient postscript.
Publ. Ancient Prayer variation. To 7 married women.
Likely partial. Date questionable.
PC. Early Good Luck - no list. Incorporated postscript: "The
above letter was received by me ..."
Publ. Fragments from the Spectator. Quota 9 letter w.
50 names. Already circulating "a few" years.
Publ. Typical except postscript (which will be placed
first later). Signed "A Friend"
le1922-08-16_gl_q9d24n0w9.htm Lt. Good Luck type on 2 pages.
Started by an "American Officer." "Let's all go 'Smilin' thru 1922."
Publ. "started by an American officer in France" "...bad luck
Publ. Standard Good Luck but exactly as le1922-09-13 above.
PC In English but mailed from the Netherlands, 10/2/22. No
le1923p_gl_q9d24w9.htm Publ. Lucas
gives "instructions" (Good Luck CL) below long list (A to B) of names.
Title: Good Luck. "... wait 9 days & you will have
Great Good Luck."
Publ. Letter received by actress Viola Dana "some months
ago" (from April, 1923). Typical.
Lt. > PhC. Post WWI ap - Australia. "God bless our Sailors
& Soldiers ..." Flanders.
Publ. Nonstandard & late Ancient Prayer. "Lord teach
us to praise thy blessings ..."
Publ. Colonel Cole, US Army, "started" the chain - to go 3 times around
le1924-01-19p2_+gl_n9_smart_china.htm Publ. "Some smart fellow has started
this plan ..." From Shanghai.
Publ. AN ANCIENT PRAYER. "O Lord, be merciful to me." "Received
January 29, 1924."
Pub. Ancient Prayer type - q10. Prayer at end.
"Don't sign your name."
PC - Ellis Island. Post WW1 changes to ap: prayer, quota, wait.
"Oh Lord be merciful unto us ..."
Publ. "Oh Lord be merciful to us." Short, nonstandard
Ancient Prayer CL. Quota ten.
Lt. Post WWI ancient prayer. "... let blessings be among nations."
Similar to le1924-02.
Publ. Ancient Prayer, quota ten. Post Office swamped in Davenport,
Pub. Standard Good Luck type - late. Article has senders
Lt. Written in fancy style. Quota 10, wait 10. Prayer also changed
after WWI. Links to image.
le1924-05-10p1_gl_GeneralGale_q9n44_.htm Publ. Partial? List of 44 names. "General
Gale" Standard gl body. A few other officers.
PC > Scan "The endless chain of Prayer" From England.
le1925-08-14p1_+gl_smart_q9n60.htm Publ. "Some smart fellow started this
plan ..." 60 names on list, 13 given. X to Y.
Publ. Ancient Prayer combined with Good Luck. Rewrites.
Original was a carbon copy.
Publ. Good luck encased in Linkage and Affirmation
& closing. List implied. Signed.
Good Luck type w. linkage, affirmation and closing statements. LIST
WITH 214 NAMES!
Mimeograph (?). List of 57 names pairs. Circulated. in Japan
& India. "Some smart fellow ..."
Publ. Good luck type with typical affirmation and
1926 closing based on 1922 film title.
le1926-01-30p2_+gl+_q9w9_China.htm Publ. Good Luck type
letter w. linkage & affirmation statements. "Let us go smiling
Publ. Good Luck with extended Linkage and intro. "Count nine dogs
and you will have ..."
Publ. Good Luck type with linkage and affirmation statements. "Keep
le1926-02_+gl+_q9n113_1.htm Mimeograph (?). List of 113 name
pairs! International - incl. Japanese admirals. From Vicente Finizio.
As above. From Marie Gras-y-Fort, Barcelona. Who knew whom,
1922 - 1926 - incl. Hollywood moguls.
Publ. "Dear Friend" "...started by a British army officer
..." Linkage, no Affirmation.
Publ. Nested Good Luck. Expanded linkage. Affirmation.
Incipient lists. Closing.
le1926-12-14p1_ccc-gl_Safety_q9d24w9.htm Publ. "Cross Crossings
Cautiously" Safety letter put at top of Good Luck letter w. list.
Publ. "The Flanders Chain of
Good Luck." "Do not lose it ..." "Safety chain."
Publ. "The Flanders
Charm" "It is positively remarkable how the prediction has
Publ. Lead: "DO NOT KEEP THIS" "The Flanders Chain of Good
Publ. "The Flanders Chain of Luck" It is positively remarkable
how this prediction has been ..."
le1927-05-04p2_Fl_benediction_q4.htm Publ. Flanders type
chain with linkage, affirmation and remail statements. A "benediction".
Publ. Flanders chain of luck. "Don't lose it or you will
have bad luck." "Is is positively remarkable ..."
Publ. The Flanders Chain
of Good Luck. "...sent by an American officer in France."
le1927-06-16p1_Fl'_friend_q4_ca.htm Publ. From "A Friend"
"The chain was started by a British officer in Flanders." Canada
Publ. Good Luck type. No deadline statement. Late circulation
date for type. Note Flanders origin.
Publ. Fragments from England. "chains of luck" ... worried
nervous women. "Started on a Flanders battlefield."
Lt. The Flanders Chain of Good
Luck. Signed and dated. Copy and send to 4 others.
le1928-05-07p2_Fl_q4d24w4.htm Publ. The Flanders
Chain of Good Luck. "This letter of good luck was sent to me ..."
Publ. "Flanders field chain of good luck." "Do
not stop it or you will have bad luck."
Publ. Said to be "Hindu". "It is positively remarkable how
this prediction has been fulfilled ..."
Publ. "The chain was started
in Flanders Field." Linkage, Affirmation, Anticipation, Recycle,
Publ. "This was sent to me as I am sending it to you."
noLuck_q5d24w4.htm Publ. "...will have no luck." "The
fourth day should bring good luck."
Publ. Starts: "The
good luck chain of Flanders was sent to me ...." "It is wonderful
Publ. "The Flanders Chain of Good Luck" "Do not keep
le1929-06-28_Fl_q5d24w4.htm Lt.>PhC. "Good Luck Chain of
Flanders". "Send this one and 4 others." No testimonials.
Publ. "The Flanders Field of Luck"
"Send this with three others."
Publ. "The Flanders' Chain of Luck" No list mentioned.
"It is positively remarkable ..."
Publ. "The Flanders Chain of Luck." "...started in Holland
..." "Do not keep this. From me to you."
Chain of Good Luck" "Send this and five more."
Crossing Cautiously" above a Good Luck Letter. Celebrity
names. See 1926.
Publ. Four testimonials. Quota nine. "It is
translated in all languages."
le1930-02-25p1_Fr-E_masonic-ap_tWWL_q9d24w8.htm Publ. Ancient prayer
for Masons. Had list of names. Odd names on testimonials.
Publ. "The Good Luck Chain of Flanders" "Pass it
text. Hard to read. "The Good Luck of Flanders."
Publ. "The goodluck chain was sent to me by someone."
"It's wonderful how the chain ..."
Pub. "Send this and four others." "... will bring you four
Publ. "Flanders Chair of Good Luck" Reduced version - quota
3 + 1. Verified kill? England.
le1930u_pr9_q9d29n1w9.htm Lt. Many pencil notations. No title. Quota 9. Win-win-lose
Publ. The Flanders chain of good luck. Deadline 2 hours! "...
around the world sixty times."
Publ. "The Fortune Card" List: X to Y, 43 names. "Mr.
Barres of Victoria ..."
Lt. "The Fortune Chain". Likely translation of a French chain. Many testimonials, some negative.
Publ. Quota nine - like Prosperity. Different names in
testimonials. Drake estate.
le1932-07-17p1_pr9_list_q9d24w9.htm Publ. No title, "prosper", copy
quota 9, modified affirmation, testimonials, list (undescribed).
le1932-12-10p1_pr!_ProsperityCircle_q5d24w9.htm Publ. "Have trust in God, who supplies all our needs."
- First quota 5 ( pr standard)
Lt. Possibly a parody of the Flanders chain. "This
Messenger of good luck ..."
PC "We truly trust in God to supply all our needs." "Mrs.
Barnes ... lost her possessions."
Prosperity type (q5). "We trust in God who ..." Testimonials.
Leading list of 4 names.
Publ. "We trust in God; the Father, who supplies all
our meals." Early Prosperity type.
Publ. Title: Fortune Chain. Many testimonials, Pola Negri.
- partial. Prosperity type. Circulated in Manitowoc, Canada.
"The story definite and positive ..."
le1933-08-04p1_pr_affirmation_q5_.htm Publ. List
omitted. "The Prosperity Chain" "... the power of those repeated
Publ. The Hyatt letter. "We trust in God. He supplies our needs."
"Mrs. Sanford won $3,000."
le1934-04-12p1_pr_force_HWorth.htm Publ. Advice from Helen Worth. List
not given, other edits?. "This chain has a definite force..."
Publ. The Fortune Chain. "If you take this as a joke, bad luck
will befall you." Testimonials.
Publ. - partial. Prosperity type. Canada (pounds).
Earliest title: "Prosperity Club"
Publ. Advice from Helen Worth. List not given. "Six others
have kept it."
Publ. Earliest "Blind13" chain postcard. Blindness
for making fun of letter. Partial.
Publ. Early Blind13 type. "Chain of St. Anthony" "Pay good attention
to this ..."
PC. Govt. issue PC. "We trust god for to supply our needs."
Reduced Prosperity type.
Probably a postcard. "Shine over all the nation!" "God bless the
Publ. Ancient Prayer. On postcard. Copy quota 11.
"Don't let this letter die in your home."
Publ. Ancient Prayer. On postcard. Copy
quota ten. "Don't let this prayer die in your home."
le1939-03-01_Fl-pr_no-m!_q5n11.htm Lt. Good Luck type. Eleven names & cities at bottom.
Earliest no money. Has "defel pasm".
Published in Dale Carnegie column. List omitted. Earliest "Do not
Lt. Trailing processed list
w. 8 names & towns - 2 crossed out. "Do not send money" Notes
Publ. Edited. May have had recycle, etc. "The good luck of
Flanders was sent to me."
Publ. "Gay Field received $5,000 after mailing." "Do not send money." Internal Prosperity
Lt. "Mrs. Fields received $5,000.00
..." "Do not send any money."
Names & towns: 18. Muldoon, Tx.
Typed letter. Centered title: "Good Luck to You" 23 names and
Publ. "Good Luck to You" "Mr. Mayfield received $4000
four hours after mailing."
Pub. fragment. "... woman laughed when she got the letter
and her daughter went blind."
Publ. "Good Luck of Flanders" Three testimonials. Controlled
list, 18 names & towns.
Publ. Latest Prosperity type (if excluding Luck of London).
Publ. "One woman made fun of this and her daughter
Publ. "One woman made fun of this and her daughter went
PC "This Prayer: Prayer of Safety must go all over the world
by card." "So Pray attention to this card."
Publ. Title: "This Prayer of Safety" "So pay attention
to this card and 'God will bless you'"
Pub. "This prayer to satisfy ..." "So you pay attention,
and you will be blessed."
Publ. "O Lord, Be merciful to us and all Nations. Make
peace among all nations."
Publ. "Oh, Lord be merciful unto us. Grace be unto all nations."
Publ. "Oh Lord be merciful unto us and all Nations."
"You will receive $49.60"
Publ. "Lord be merciful to us" " ...a great misfortune
came to her family."
Publ. "This letter is only for good luck." "Grace
Fields won $400 after posting it."
le1942-03-16p1_London_q5d24w4.htm Publ. Luck of London. "Grace
Fields received $40.00 after posting it."
Publ. Title: "Good Luck of London" "Grace Field won
le1942-12-19_blind13_q13.htm PC "A prayer for our nation" "A
woman made fun of this in 13 days her daughter went blind."
the world 24 times". "... sent by an American soldier named Amos."
Publ. "Good Luck from London" "Dr. Emmons lost $12,000
Publ. PC. "...they said a relative went blind." "Oh God be
merciful to us and all nations."
Publ. "The Luck of London." "Send no money." Concludes: "Good
Lt. > PhC. "The luck of London." Grace Field won $45,000
after sending it."
Lt. - V-Mail. APO letter from Sgt. Albert J. Bull. "It must
be mailed 24 hours after ..."
Publ. PC. "Oh, Lord, be merciful to us all, And let this
terrible war end soon."
Publ. PC. "... mercy on our boy in service & bless
our mother." "Do not let the prayer die"
Publ. PC. "... have mercy on this nation." End: "Thirteen
Lt. "Good luck from London." "Francis Field won $4,000 ...
T/4 Carr lost $2,000 ..."
Publ. Flanders-prosperity type - Luck of London. Aviation
headers. "Its not a joke"
Publ. Early Luck By Mail. "The luck of the cards has
been sent to you."
Publ. "The luck of cards has been around the world four
times by army officers." X mail..
Publ. "The luck of St. Thomas has been sent to you."
le1949-06-02p1_cogl_viaUD_q12.htm Publ. "via United Dispatch"
"...started in Africa by a French officer of General de Gaulle..."
Lt. Philippine testimonials - "... of Baguio who laugh at ...
met instantaneous death ..."
Publ. Sent "via United S. Press dispatch". ",,, met instantaneous
death on June 11, 1948."
Publ. Starts with circumnavigation. DELETED: Linkage and origin
statements. Transcription error?
Publ. Earliest bym type (12/9/2013). "United
Western Airlines Treasure"
Lt. - card. Early bym type. "You will receive it in the
mail in 4 days."
Lt. COGL type.
No copy quota. "It was started in Africa by a French officer ..."
20 names, most Japanese.
Publ. Lead: "United Air Lines Treasure" "The luck
of cards has been sent to you."
Publ. "via United Press Dispatch" "... laughed at this chain
..., met instantaneous death."
Publ. "United Western Lines" "by mail" is not present
- missing, or too early?
Publ. "The United Nations Airlines Treasure" "The luck of the
Publ. "The luck of the cards ..." Processed list (not given).
Publ. "The Luck of friends has been sent to you." "Mrs.
Allen won $300 and lost it ..."
Publ. "...sent to me by Ronald Service." Special Note: "What
will happen after mailing?"
Publ. by Herbert Halpert. Early "Luck by Mail".
Postal date given. Early Proverbs 3: 5-6.
Publ. Partial text. "...started in Africa by a French
officer ..." Controlled list (not given).
Lt. > PhC. "Read Saint Matthew
18, Verse 20 ..." From the Billy Graham Archives.
Publ. Pray for World Peace by reciting Lord's Prayer
and 23rd Psalm 9 days. Outlier.
Publ. "Gene Alden received $78,000 three days after
Lt. "Read Matthew, Chapter 7. verses 1 to 20." "Limited to
Masons." "General Dean ..."
le1954-08-16_bym'_prvrbs.htm Lt. >
PhC. Quotes Proverbs 3:5-6. "Its a known fact ... one man received
Lt. > mimeograph "Read Matthew 17:20..." "General Austen got
$6600.00 only to lose it ..."
Lt. "Read Matthew 17:20..." "Gene Austin received $6,000 only to
lose it after breaking ..."
Publ. Title: "The Lucky Prayer" "You will receive
it by mail" - a postscript?
Publ. Title; "Good Luck" "The luck of it has
been sent to you."
Publ. Proverb 3:5-6, "...brought around the world." No "by
mail". Favorable comment.
le1955u_bym_n17_prvrbs.htm Lt. "Good Luck Prayer" "Gen
Atten received $12,000 ..." "Gen. Patton received $18,000, but ..."
Publ. Newspaper is dated July 16, 1956. Holland. "big
money" replaces "by mail".
le1958-05-03p1_bym-_c-list_htm Publ. Partial text. Title:
Good Luck Prayer. "Trust in the Lord ..." Controlled list
Publ. "Good Luck Faith" "U.S. Officer General Atkins received
$17.000 in days after receiving it."
Publ. NY Times, 4/11/59. Fragment. "Good Luck Prayer" Sent
to Boris Pasternak.
le1959-04-02p1_bym_q5d24w4.htm Publ. Starts: "Trust
in the Lord with all thine heart." Processed list (not given).
Publ. Good Luck Prayer. Some text omitted. Not known if list
PhC "THINK A PRAYER" "The luck has been sent to you."
"Send 20 copies ..." Early Death20.
Publ. America, Fragments. "General Bratton received $8,000
but lost it after breaking the chain."
Publ. Title: "This is a prayer" "In the Philippines
General Learn and the late president, Magsaysay..."
Publ. "Good Luck Prayer" Generals Atkens and Patton. Quota
4+1. Processed list (not given).
le1963-08-05p2_bym-_xtestmnls_q5n33.htm Publ. By Mail type, but missing that. No testimonials.
Title: Good Luck Prayer.
Publ. "It has been around the world four times by United
States Officers." Cf. Colonel Cole 1923.
Publ. "This is a Prayer" "In
the Philippines, General Yoram, former president of Newcave..."
Publ. Like d20 but all negativity removed (threats, testimonials).
le1967_bym_heston_q5n10.htm PhC "The copy of this letter came
from the Netherlands." "Charlton Heston received $60,000 ..."
Publ. Saturday Review, 9/30/69. "While in the Philippines
a general lost his life six days after receiving his copy."
le1967u_bym_n24.htm PhC "The luck of it has been around the world four times
(sent by U.S. Officers)."
Publ. Think a Prayer. "Send 20 copies of this letter
to friends you think need good luck."
Publ. Think a Prayer. "While in the Philippines, General
Hapak lost his life ..." Partial.
le1968-07-02p_d20_q20w4.htm Publ. Perceptive commentary by
Marilyn Bender. "General Wapah lost his life in the Philippines
Publ. Very likely partial (no testimonials or list). Trust
Publ. Early example: chain letter attached to office
humor combination. Most described.
le1969_d20_n25_thpr_euro.htm PhC. Collected by Prof. Wm. Hansen
in Copenhagen. "THINK A PRAYER" 25 names, many Danish.
le1970-01-21p1_miracles_NoSt_q7_ca.htm Publ. From Canada. Sick girl "performs miracles." "6CFC"
instead of a stamp. Quota seven.
le1970-07-25p_d20n60_.htm Publ. Fragments of a Death20 type
letter with 60 names. Col. Napak variations.
Publ. "This prayer has been sent to you for good luck."
List (24) not given.
PhC Office humor item ("... go play golf") with Good Luck CL added
plus instructions & names.
Publ. Death20 with quota four. "One man in Hawaii broke
the chain ..." Trust title.
ABBREVIATIONS for Death-Lottery
(dl) type letters: n21 = a list of 21 names, b = Belief
Title, t = Trust Title, k
= Kiss Title,
l = Love Title, w
= It Works postscript,
w0 = truncated It Works postscript, j = Saint
Jude mention, c = Car testimonial
Publ. Death20 type but quota 5. "...original came
from the Holyland."
le1973-03-13p1_bym_names&nos_q5n21.htm Publ. "Send four copies plus this one." Name &
number processed list.
le1973-05-07_d20_thpr_q20n21.htm PhC - received by DWV. "(THING
A PRAYER)" List of 21 names despite processing instruction.
Publ. Earliest DL type. Colombo. "Not believing
it, he threw it away. Nine days later he died ..."
Publ: Urban Folklore from the Paperwork Empire, Dundes
& Pagter. "THINK PRAYER" Name variants.
PhC of hand printing. Earliest example of LD type. Quotas 24 & 20. "Yoko
Ono" appears on list.
PhC. "Dear Friend" "...written by St. Antoine de Cadi." Internal
title: THINK A PRAYER
Fragmentary quotes. Letter asks for good or bad luck
from the American Folklife Center. "...written by St. Aptine
de Cade." "A B.S. Officer received $70,000."
Fragments including testimonials. Mailed from Spain, received
PhC Lottery block testimonials expanded & incorporate Death20
block testimonials - in response to request.
PhC Close: le1974-10_n20. "Let
our heads not make fools of us into thinking in terms of duality."
Like. "You may add information about what happened to you if you
ever received this chain before."
PhC Like Parent of le1975-04_ld_n16_2.
Retyped from above & mimeographed by Charles
Meadows. Format changes.
le1975-12_jennings_xmas.htm PhC Non-traditional
composition by Timothy Jennings. Mentions 8 X 10 exp 35 copies.
PhC & Publ. Published by Preston - this based on original
photocopy. Preston's #1.
Publ. Fate, 8/1975. "Senator Walsh lost his wife six
days after he received this letter ..."
Publ. & PhC. This from degenerate PhC. Internal list of 23
names. Zarin Barrachilli dies. Preston's A1.
Publ & PhC. 26 names - 17 couples. Zarin Borracbilt dies. "You
will get your surprise." Preston's A2.
Publ & PhC. "...you must make 20 copies*" Footnote: "*
may xerox" Preston's B1.
Publ & PhC. Like Senders
list includes: "Lord Ashcombe Lord Wilson Lady Jane Rayne" Preston
Publ & PhC. Like -
reformatted. First 14 names same as B2.
Source has variable width characters. Preston B3.
Publ & PhC. Like. All different names on list. Zerem Berreball died.
"Ned Freidspm, an artist, ..." Preston B4.
le1976-07-26p_dl_fege_xlist_q20.htm Publ: Primo Times,
Bloomington. "Write F.E.G.E on upper corner of the envelope
next to stamp."
in Esquire, 8/1977. A shortened form of 1972-02. Published version
omits chain letter at end.
le1977-05-21p1_d20_q20n_.htm Publ. Short
Death & Money testimonial. "Send 20 copies and after you do,
..." Controlled list.
PhC "Think a Prayer" "Write F.G.G.E on the upper corner ... next
to stamp" Envelope so marked.
Publ. Proverbs moved to end of letter. Carela Cradvit
lost job - no better job.
Mimeographed handwriting. "The luck has been brought to you." Caren
Original handwriting. Response to a solicitation. Degraded
lottery block. "General Wglak lost his life ..."
PhC "It must leave your hands ..." : "For no reason whatsoever
..." "DO NOT SEND MONEY!"
PhC Concludes: "Remember no money. Please don't ignore this.
It does work." and "Mahalo (Thank you)"
PhC No "It Works" postscripts. "Darinn Meirchild
received the chain."
PhC With good luck note. "Delon
Fairchild ... died." "Please do not ignor this. It
works." - Early postscript.
PhC Has postscripts, concludes: "It does work." Collected in Colorado
by Cathy Preston.
PhC Entertainment industry parody of the DL type. "Trust in
yourself with all your heart."
PhC Brill type. Some names: Roberta Flack, Van Morrison, Herb
Alpert, Lonnie Donegan, Eric Clapton.
PhC Another Brill letter with different and fewer names. Collected
by Wm. Hansen in Bloomington, IN.
PhC "Trust in the Lord with all good faith". Has list of dates.
Added: Analysis of date disordering by DWV.
PhC "Trust" title. Postscript: "Remember: No Money!! Please
don't ignore this. It does work!!"
PhC Late generation copy. Few names I recognize - starts with "Tom
Sholz, Shawn LaBarra, Herb Alpert".
of typed lt. Online image. Bennett's L29. Early Belief title
(just last word). Unbeliever's death.
le1980_dl_wb!.htm Typed. "Early Belief title
(Mt. 21:22)" Has Unbeliever's
Death. Documents Bennett chain letters used here. This
PhC Trust title. "...luck has been brought..." "...Welch lost
wife..." "Please do not change this."
Publ. DL with postscripts, Trust title. Could be connected
with Circle of Gold. Date very uncertain.
Publ. Belief title. No list?
It Works postscripts. "General Aeles lost his wife ..."
"It has been brought around the world nine times." "... the
rite has no price on it."
PhC. "Belief" title. No unbeliever's death. "Constartin Xus"
Signed "A Friend"
"Belief" title. Placed on windshield. "Twelve-Million dollars." "Soul
PhC Postscript: "Remember no money" (m). Trust title (t). "Written by Saul
Anthony De Cadif"
Transcribed on WWW - from PhC. Trust title. "before his
death" "It works" postscript.
PhC List of 34 dates of receipt. Venezuelan author deleted. Retype
and then 7 generations.
PhC Mt. 21:22 title ("Belief"). "Constantine
Xus". "It works" postscript. No unbeliever's death. Signed "A Friend"
PhC Late generation. No title - may have been truncated. "w(k)"
means no title but Kiss
title riders present.
PhC Late generation, spotty. No title
- Kiss riders. "It Works" postscript.
"Saul Anthony deCroof".
PhC - dark on left. No title - Kiss riders. "Saul
Anthony de Cruof".
le1983-06-13_dl_wl!_e.htm PhC Earliest collected title "With
love all things are possible" (l). Mailed from Sweden to England.
PhC Title (t'): "Love the Lord with all your heart and he will
acknowledge and he will light the way."
PhC - late. Matthew 21:22 title. "It works" postscript. "Constatin Yus".
PhC Word processor original. Earliest Kiss title collected. "It
Works" postscript deleted. Notes.
PhC Matt 21:22 title. "__FATHER 21'-22".
"It Works" postscript. "Constantation"
PhC Early Love title. "Constantine Know received ..." Likely
fall, 1983. Supplied by American Folklife Center.
le1983_dl_wt.htm PhC - late
generation, 2 pages handwritten. Trust title, It Works postscript. "Bolier Fairchild". Supplied by AFC.
PhC Kiss title, It Works postscript. Constatino Diaz. Collected
by Prof. William F. Hansen.
Love title, It Works. Constantine Diaz. "Gene Helch" "Saul Anthony
DeCroup". Collected by DWV.
PhC "Saint Jude Thaddeus" "Isabel Buena lost her copy and lost
her life." "Novena to our mother ..."
Love title, It Works. "Saul Anthony De Croup" "Constantine Kias"
Collected by Michael Preston.
PhC From Newark. Close to below. Differences: faith vs. fate,
Constatine vs. Contatain, get a surprise, vs. receive ...
PhC From Newark. Close to above, especially in format. Keystrokes
PhC of handprinted original. Two pages. Many errors - by a
child (?). "Saul Anthony Decrap".
PhC - late. "It Works" deleted (w'). "While in
the Philippines" transferred to previous testimonial (Elliot).
PhC of handprinted original. One page. Lottery source of money and
"lost job - better job" testimonial omitted.
PhC Close to ...2. "Joe Ellit" "DeGroup" "aked" for "asked".
PhC. Close to ...1. " " "psper"
Dot matrix printer > PhC. Title and postscript in large font.
Dated Dec. 31, 1984. Collected by Preston.
PhC Two DL letters combined on one page. (i) "A Good Luck Prayer"
& Proverbs. (ii) Kiss title.
Pub. Denver Post - Woody Paige. No unbeliever's death testimonial
PhC From England - collected by Paul Smith. Philippine location
PhC Original was typed, reduced, then
photocopied in pairs. Love title offset to right.
PhC Very standard text. "Calo Dodos, an office empolyee"
Reduced and cut to 6.5" by 7".
PhC of handwritten 2 pages (h2pp). Lottery winner unnamed. "Send
no money ... just good luck."
PhC of handwritting. "Saul Aminea De Coup" " ... received
The Letter nine days later he died."
PhC (?) Published: The Hidden Culture.
Collected in Perth, Australia. Standard text. "Remember, no money."
PhC Hand written from England. Dated by
comparisons. Title may have been cut off.
PhC Kiss title. "Please send no money." Six dates of receipt
at end: 3/18/86 to 4/14/86.
"Kiss someone you love when you receive this letter." "Noland
PhC Original carefully typed. "...before her death she had
won $50,000.00 in a lottery." From Alan E. Mays.
PhC Spotty. Title: "MISS SOMEONE YOU LOVE ..." Landscape
format. No final "It works" (deleted?)
Annotated "12-86". "The original copy is in New England." "She
won $50,000 in a lottery."
le1986_dl_wk.htm PhC. Charles
H. Bennett's L6. Stuck under windshield wiper. "Carla Daddin ...
she lost her job." Sunnyvale, CA.
Title: "Kiss someone you love when you get this letter" "..before
her death he received $7,755,000."
PhC - all caps. End: "St. Jude / It Works"
- Earliest St. Jude! From American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
PhC Annotated "9-16-87 / Redwood City, CA / Parking Lot." Only
text caps: title, "This is no joke", "It Works".
PhC No unbelievers death testimonial (l-). "Please do not ignore
this it works."
PhC - late, reduced. Penciled clarifications, these also photocopied.
Changes "20" (copies) to "10" in 4 places.
PhC Starts: "Are you stressed out? Read on!" May have circulated
as office humor. Memo: "\MH/LUCK"
PhC - faded. Postmarked in Sheffield, England. Only caps: "This
is no joke." Penultimate "Good Luck"
Collected by Alan E. Mays in Millersville, PA, spring of 1988.
Standard text. "Good luck. It works."
PhC Earliest Car testimonial (c!). Ends: "Remember me always.
It works. ST. JUDE" in two lines.
Bold script font. "This is true even though you are not superstitious."
"...after finding the letter again..."
PhC Large font title. Unbeliever's Death testimonial omitted.
Retype note. Collected by Alan E. Mays.
PhC No title. Bennett L11. "...and lost that too ..." (&
his wife) "she, too, put it aside" (& Carlo Dadditt).
le1988_dl_wl.htm PhC Charles
H. Bennett's L9 from web page. "... providing you in turn ..." "Constantine"
has only that name.
"This is true even if you may not think so right now." Truncated
postscript: "It Works" Dated just to year.
PhC > Publ. Major rewrites & omissions. Asks that messages
be added. "May you be blessed with love ..."
Dated to year only. "South Africa"
PhC Placed on windshields in parking lot. Starts: "Dear Friend,"
Lottery block testimonials indented.
Both mentions of 96 hours have "(4 days)". Gene Welch loses his
wife but gets no money.
PhC "Do not accuse people of sending have
received this letter by fate!"
PhC Distr. in Oxnard College staff mail boxes, 12/8/89. "A
few days after the mailing he go a better job."
Published but have original Standard text. From England (?) "Please
don't ignore this. Good luck. / It works."
PhC "Saul Anthone Be Coup" "Send 20 letters" within postscript.
Script font. From Klemme, Iowa.
PhC All caps. "John Hilliot did receive ..." "Reminder ... Send
no money." "It Works / St. Jude"
PhC Charles H. Bennett's L27. "This paper has been sent out to
you for good luck."
PhC Word processor font. "...must tour the world, to friends ..."
omission. "It is still true" duplication.
PhC Title: "SRI GANESHJI" Ends: "With Prayer and Good Luck
/ SHIRDI SAI BABA KI JAI / OM"
PhC "Kiss someone you love and make magic". "She won ... in a
letter." From De Kalb, Ill.
PhC The Media Chain Letter. Memos start with Pierre Salinger
and Art Buchwald. Not sequential.
PhC > The Media
Chain Letter. Celebrity participants: Pierre Salinger - Jane Fonda
- Goldie Hawn.
PhC "...fat has no pride." "Constantly Dias" "reusable" instead
of "readable". All one paragraph.
PhC Tilted cut at lower left. "--provided you, in return" "...he
won lottery" "Carlo-Dadditt, an office employee ..."
PhC - cut on right. Major rewriting. No testimonials of death. Begins
and ends: "St. Jude!"
Typed or WP > PhC. Luck chain letter - the "Media chain letter".
With 21 attached memos.
Same ^ "Just have a wonderful efficient
secretary make four additional copies and send it to five ..."
le1990-11_media(17)_q5w4.htm Same ^ "Feb.
15, 1991: If Tip O'Neill and Pierre Salinger need luck, who am I to
toss this dumb letter!"
PhC Well written. Near end: "So please think abot this. / Good
luck!!!" Image of dog.
PhC Starts: "TO: ST. JUDE" Ends: "THANK YOU ST. JUDE / IT WORKS"
Gene Welch gets $7,775,000.00
PhC "The chain came from Venetian" "Constantine did receive"
(did for Dias).
PhC - typed. From web page - Bennett's L28. Female
unbeliever's death. Date estimated.
PhC. Starts: "TO ST. JUDE" "The luck has now been sent to you."
No RAF officer testimonial.
PhC - 16th gen. "Send no money and do not
sign this. / St. Jude / It does Work" 63 dates from 28/2/91.
le1991-03_dl_w'lj_rewr.htm PhC Rewrites. At start: "Peace be
with you. And Peace ..." "You will receive GOOD." No unbeliever's death.
PhC Starts: "TO: SAINT JUDE" Ends: "THANK YOU ST. JUDE /
IT WORKS" Welch gets $7,755,000.00
PhC Omits: "Send copies to people you think need good luck."
PhC - posted on USENET. "Original in England" "Fate has no pride."
"Carole Dadditt" "St. Jude / It Works."
PhC Reported on alt.folklore.urban No unbelievers death. Ends
with: "St. Jude / It works, / Pray for us."
PhC No title (Love omitted). "...faith has no price." From Middletown,
Standard text. "Saul Anthoney Detroit" "Aria Daccit"
PhC Standard text. All caps. "WITH LOVE ALL THINGS ARE POSSIBLE!!!"
"ST. JUDE / IT WORKS!!!!!!!"
PhC. Date estimated from text. Early KC transfer of Kiss title
(?). Andy Dodd gets better job. "It works"
le1991u_dl_w-kc.htm PhC No
date - estimated from text. Close to le1991u_dl_w-(kc)! .
Lt. > Email. Romance Game. "On the
4th day drink a glass of milk and say his name 5 times (the guy you
PhC Vertical streaks. "It has been around the world nine times
and the luck has been sent to you."
Charles H. Bennett's L23. Italic font. "Fate has no price." "Andy
Babbit" does not get a better job.
PhC "May the sacred heart of J. be loved adored glorified and preserved
throughout the world ... "
PhC All caps. "A.R.A.D. officer" "Carol Daditt
... her ..." "Remember ir really works."
PhC. "Saul De Grou" Standard text. From Reading, PA. Collected
by Alan E. Mays.
PhC - gen. 15+. "He asked his secretary ... A
few days later she won a lottery ..." 15 dates of receipt.
PhC fully justified by spacing. "...must tour the world, you will
get a surprise." "...do not sign this" in postscript.
PhC Charles H. Bennett's L16. Some phrases in bold. Standard
PhC from England. All caps. Original in "New Zealand" "Send
no money and do not sign this" in postscript.
PhC. Early KCL transfer. Like KC trans. but Love retained. South
Africa. Andy Dodd. "It works" deleted.
PhC Landscape format. Body of letter in script font. "Saul Anthony
DeGivu". Penultimate "GOOD LUCK"
PhC. "...fate has no peace." "... in Sydney who re-typed it again
as it was to be clearly readable."
PhC Keystrokes preserved. "John: 3:16" in extreme lower right
corner. Collected by Theresa Preston.
PhC Earliest JKLC transfer. Titled "SAINT JUDE" This one has
no proviso and no doubled money ban.
Publ. Goodenough & Dawkins.
"This is love even if you are not superstitious."
PhC "David Fairchild" St. Jude expansion: "Patron Saint of the
Impossible" "Pray for Us ..." "Amen"
PhC UCLA campus mail. "Kiss ... and make music" "Samuel Anthony
Pierce" "Mr. Fairchild ... died ..."
PhC KCL transfer. South America. Don't send money - doubled.
Andy Dodd. "It Works" deleted as on all KCL.
PhC "Melissa Horton received the letter
and not believing, she threw it away. Nine days later she died."
PhC "...faith has no price." "Daian Fairchild" Provided by Anna
PhC Earliest KLC transfer. Kiss to Love letter. "he received
..." - H$ as on Love. "Pan American" officer.
Handprinted, this a copy. Romance Game classroom note. "copy
this letter (by hand)" 4 copies in 4 days/
PhC KCL transfer. "provided you in turn send it on." South Africa.
Andy Dodd. "It works" deleted.
PhC Pre-title "MAGIC" then standard Kiss. "...fate has no control."
"...by Samuel Adams Pierce" UCLA
"Gene Wolfe" "...even though you are not ..." No unbeliever's death.
From American Folklife Center.
PhC "Gene Wolfe" Very close to le1995-03
& others. "Constantine Dens"
PhC. "It works" "St. Jude" Love-Car.
Fourteen dates when retyped. US, 1995.
PhC of handprinting. "Gene Wolfe" "South Venezuela" "So note the
following:" No unbelievers death.
PhC Standard KLC transfer. "Pan American officer" "Carlo Baddit"
- no belated copying, no better job.
PhC "Darlene Fairchild" - she died nine days later. . "I have retyped
it again today in 1995."
PhC "MAGIC" - usual kiss title is first sentence. Rewriting.
"Mr. Fairchild ... Nine years later, he died."
PhC KLCJ transfer (first of 2). "Saint Jude" added at end of
a KCL letter. "Pan Am officer" "Cairo Badain"
PhC Elliot and Philippine testimonials transposed. "Dont ignore
PhC "Before anything, I would like
to tell you that St. Jude Thaddaeus will help you in everything ...
PhC "...since passing it on, he has received $7,750,000." "Three
days later ..." "Send love instead."
Note (?) > Email. " ... say the
first and last name of a boy or girl and ... he or she will ask you
out or say ... "
PhC. Kiss-Car-Love transfer. De Groff from South Africa.
No "It Works". from Jean Reherman.
Printed in pencil. Classroom note from 12 year old girl. Drink
a glass of milk, say his name 5 times.
PhC Received 1/15/96 in PA. No death-money testimonial. "an
PhC All caps. "Joe Elliot" gets $7,775,000. No Philippines.
"Expect a miracle. God bless you."
PhC Cognate to DL type. Late images (3). " ... send them after worshipping Shri Saibaba in your house."
PhC JKLC transfer. "...provided you send it out." Love titled
letter text features.
Kiss title. "he broke that chain." "from South Venezuela." No
unbeliever's death testimonial.
Email > PhC. Circulated as email, then as a photocopied
letter. Concludes: "You must not sign this message."
PhC KLC transfer. "Pan Am" officer. "Saul Manthong Degroug" "Delan
PhC. "If we love, all things are possible." "So note the following
PhC. "...from South Venezuela." No unbelievers death. "It does
work." Ornate font & border.
PhC. "Do not do the following:" "She finally typed the letters
PhC Kiss title incorporated into body
of letter. Some additions. "This is the universal law of energy exchange."
PhC KLC transfer. Added: "This is a universal law of energy - exchange.
... " Ends: "Good Luck" after IWP.
PhC KCL transfer. No proviso to receiving good luck. South Africa.
"It works" deleted.
PhC JKLC transfer. "...provided in turn you send it out" "an
R. A. H. officer" "St. Anthony Degroup"
PhC KLC transfer. "Pan Am" officer. "Sal Manthony Degroug" "It
really works" No "better job"
PhC Very standard text. "A United States Air Force officer ....
whereas John A. Elliot ..."
PhC KLC transfer. "Pan American" officer. "Saul Mahoney Degroup"
"Carlo Baddit" - no better job.
PhC "Carlos Daddits" testimonial combined into unbelievers death.
"Do not send money, do not sign this."
PhC KLC transfer. Deleted: "Since the copy must tour ..." "Carl
Baddit" only loses.
PhC JKLC transfer. "Saint Anthony DeGroup" "Constatidens received
..." "Carl Dadil"
PhC - reduced. "It Works" dropped. Ends: "God Bless you. Expect
a Miracle. St. Jude"
PhC KLC transfer. "While in the Phillippines, Cane Walsh ..."
PhC JKLC transfer (last) - all have "Gene
Walls lost his wife ten days ..."
le1997-02_dl+_w'(lkc)!.htm PhC Outlier LKC transfer (only
1). "A.R.F officer" "Cairo Daddo" loses job - no better job. Pep
talk at end.
PhC Handed to a teacher (Maggie Wells). "95 hours" "This is true"
shifted. Car won in a "raffle".
PhC Title: "A Gift From Above" KC transfer (like KLC - her
L deleted). Note "faxed" for "faded" in Car.
PhC Outlier KCL transfer - Love onto Kiss letter. Extra title:
"Magic". No proviso. Lost wife 6 days after (not 51).
Pub. Letters to Ambrose Merton. Death & Money test.
rewritten. "For some strange reason it works."
PhC KLCJ transfer (#2 of 2). "Saint Jude" at end. "Pam Am"
officer - as KLC letters. This: money ban doubled.
PhC Extensive rewriting. "Royal Mounted Police" He/she switch
in Philippines. "It really works. / Saint Jude."
Publ. Romance Game. "You touched this
letter so you have to keep it! Send this to 7 people, no boys."
le1998-04_htotem1.htm Email>PhC>... Email
to paper! "This Totem actually exists ... in Refuge (near Kona), Puuhomua
USENET Post (alt.christnet). From paper. "Gaul Anthony DeGrou
... from South Africa". "It Works. / St. Jude"
PhC Love title repeated at end. Much non-standard text. Amounts
in pounds. Collected by Jean Bruno Renard.
PhC "Do not ignore this. / St. Jude". "This is true" & "not
PhC - word processor. "St. Anthony Decron". Lost job truncated.
Provided by Alexander Okbai.
PhC of handwr. Half is untranslated Tagalog. Title: "A True
Child of Mary Can Never be Lost"
PhC Like 2005-08.
"Do not sign this. / It works." "Saul De Crop" "... she .... won
PhC Late KLC transfer. "Carl Baffi" loses job. No better job.
Titled "Untitled" - probably incorporated file name.
PhC. Sent to DWV. "Genio Welsh". "Sal Dee Croop a missionary
from South Africa." Wins car in raffle.
PhC "The Financial Blessings Letter. Based on the dl type.
"God is asking you to help by blessings others too."
lf1928a_glf_q9.htm Publ. in French. English transl. "Chain of happiness,
Good health, Good luck." Close to Flanders type. Testimonials.
Publ. in Fr. Engl. transl. Close to Flanders.
Publ. "Saint Anthony of Padua, I have confidence in you." Cognate
to Blind13 type.
PhC Death-Lottery type. "Trust in God with all your heart and everything
will come to pass and reveal your path."
Publ. "written by a leper" "... his children
find death in a fire ... is in a hospital for the mentally deranged
Publ. "... chain comes from Venezuela where it
had been found by a legionnaire ... make the circuit of the world."
PhC "This letter was written by a Missionary.
She comes from Venezuela." " ... put it aside
and lost his job."
PhC Close to a standard US dl letter, incl. Car testimonial.
PhC "Be kind, continue this chain, Saint Anthony grants luck."
PhC Close to standard US. "Thanks to someone you love good
luck is going to be sent to you."
PhC Lottery type - only combined in US. "Even if you are
not a believer, pay attention to what follows."
Publ. "This letter is coming from a little boy who is cancerous..."
"This little boy accomplishes miracles, ..."
PC - German language with English translation. "We Germans
fear God and nothing else on this world."
PhC - German dl type, no translation. Bennett collection,
Publ. Three related Hungarian chains. "A girl in East
Germany won ... but destroyed the writing and died."
Publ., Polish, trans. by Y. . Tishchenko "St. Anthony, pray for us, ask for a benediction for our
family and ..."
Publ., transl by Tishchenko. "A Pole
from America tore this letter and his son vanished after 13 days."
Publ., Polish, transl by Yana
Tishchenko. "Send it to people who are unlucky, who do not know or
Publ., Polish, translated by Tishchenko
"Read an 'Our Father' and an 'Ave Maria" and pray to Saint Anthony
PhC. From Preston, Polish, translated by Natalie Kasprzak.
"Read it as soon as possible, kiss some one you love."
PhC. Portuguese (Brazil). No translation. Title: ORAÇÃO DE SANTO ANTONIO
(Russian). English translation only. DL cognate - reduced. "Don't
tear the letter under any circumstances ..."
Publ. (Russian). English translation only. "God gave him the holy letter and said: 'Re-write it twelve
Publ. (Russian). English only. "Only
the kindness and beauty of our souls can save us and this world."
Publ. "Chain of St. Anthony" (blind13). English translation
- mostly narrative. No blindness.
PhC. Spanish - no translation. The
original copy had a dime taped with Scotch tape on the letter below
Email (< paper). Spanish v. of KLC - no transl. "Besa
a alguien que ames cuando recibas esta carta y haras magia."
MONEY CHAIN LETTERS (101)
Money chain letters urge the recipient to
send money to one or more prior senders, claiming that one can
likewise benefit in the future if sufficient copies are distributed.
This category also contains pyramid schemes, which by definition
do not use the mails for recruitment.
m = money, e = English, sd = Send-a-Dime,
D = Dollar, q = copy quota, nx = list with x names, d = deadline
Publ. Denver Post, 4/19/1935. "This charm was started
in the hope of bringing prosperity to you."
me1935-04-20p_sd_trgt!.htm Publ. Denver Rocky Mountain
News. "PS. Be sure to send this to people who will not break
Lt. Standard text - handwritten. "Note: Is this worth a dime
to you?" Scan
Prtd. With angel logo. "... send the person
ten cents ... as a charity donation."
Prtd. Ad for Al Jolson at Knickerbocker theatre. 2,000 printed for
$7.00. Printer's invoice.
Lt. All hand written. Standard language. Circulated in Texas,
then to Indiana.
Prtd. by Talley Printing Co. Wrap dime in paper. Used as illustration
in Clevo (TIF). JPG scan
Lt. High Fidelity Pyramid. No common names with other KC.
Correct spelling of "carrying".
Lt. Part of the "Iowa" Send-a-Dime hoard. Printed
letter including five tips at bottom.
Lt. #2 in "Iowa" hoard. Handwritten in pencil. Postscripts.
Lt. #3 in "Iowa" Send-a-Dime hoard. Handwritten
in ink. Postscripts. Ends asking not to break chain.
Publ. "This guaranteed chain letter ..." Ante $1, ten names,
sell two copies.
me1935-05_hifidlty_kc.htm Lt. Early Pyramid Scheme. "High Fidelity
/ Guaranteed Prosperity Fraternity". Kansas City.
me1935-05u_hifidlty_nj.htm Lt. Like Kansas City above - this New
Jersey. Note common sp. error "carring". "Don't mail this letter
Pub. Denver Post, 5/10/35. The "certified" letter. No notarization.
"The party who gave me this letter ..."
Lt. "The Guaranteed Prosperity Club" "In God We Trust But Not Each
Other" With insider letter.
Lt. Typeset with spaces to fill in names, no. of copies to send,
ante to send, etc. Filled in typically.
Lt. Handwritten. "Prosperity Club" "Please hand this to another
friend if you do not wish ... " "br" note.
Lt. - handwritten. From Bergrud hoard. "This club was organized
in the hope of bringing prosperity to you."
Lt. -typed. $1 ante. "...hand to five of your friends." Edgewater,
Co. and Denver, Co.
Lt. Standard SD poorly typed. All names is N. Dakota. "Within
three days make five copies of this letter ..."
Prtd. Standard SD. 5 addresses in Mason City, Ia. Original
to James. H. Patterson "Unmailable" Collection.
Publ. "This guaranteed chain letter was started ..." "...
you must personally witness..."
me1935-05-15_s25c_q5_+rec!.htm Lt.>PhC. "Women's Friendly
Exchange" 25c ante. Includes "secret recipe" for "Gift of God's
Lt. - image. Large printed title. Names handwritten at
bottom. No "In God we Trust"
Lt. -typed, landscape format. Send dime
- cost 25c. 10% to charity. Complete rewrite. Added
Lt. - handwritten. With note and dime for recipient to use
Publ. Chain telegram circ. in Washington DC. Five dollar
ante, quote five. No list given.
Carbon copy. $1 ante. Florida. Part of the ACL hoard (rr).
Note on back to Captain Hall.
Lt. "We are sending you a membership
to the prosperity club ..."
me1935-05-22_sd_AlabamaTx.htm Lt. "This chain was started with
the hope of bringing prosperity to you within three days."
me1935-05-22br_sd+_ndak.htm Lt. - handwritten . Ends 2 pp. with:
"Read carefully, and take a chance I did."
Lt. - handwritten. Long note - return if not complying. Concludes:
"Let's go America. Increase employment."
Lt. - handwritten. Title: "Prosperity Chain." With next letter.
Detroit - Canada.
me1935-05-29B_SD_card-board_Canada.htm Lt. handwritten. "...bringing back prosperity for you."
10c "in cardboard or paper."
Lt. - handwritten. "Read this carefully and enjoy prosperity." "...pick
out Five friends that will continue ..."
me1935-05p_sd_give_newrep.htm Publ. New Republic, May 22. Standard. No wrapping
Prtd. text, typed names. "Speed it up by enclosing five of
these printed copies with each letter."
Carbon copy. Standard SD with return instr. Concludes: "Follow
instructions and see what happens."
Column of prtd. text. Five names at bottom by hand. All Waycross,
GA. Return instructions.
Carbon copy. All North Carolina. Concludes: "Follow these instructions
and watch the dimes roll in."
Carbon copy of typing. All , Savannah GA. Return instructions.
Like wayc above.
Prtd. form. All Waycross, GA. Return instructions. Like wayc above.
me1935-05rr_sd+_ret_hap.htm Lt. - typed. Columbia S.C. (5).
Printed form - overprint in 3 places changes $1 ante to 25c ante.
Return instr. Orlando & Waycross.
Lt. - typed. 25c ante. Return instructions. Concludes: "Follow
instructions and watch the quarters roll in."
Lt. (3). Early? One form with one name at top, two forms with
no names. A restarter!
Publ. Postage and the Mailbag, 6/35. Standard SD.
Carbon copy. Standard SD. Received anonymously in response
to an ad for chain letters.
Publ. Liberty, 6/20/35, "Chain Letter Madness" by Donald
Wickets. Much rewriting.
Publ. New York Times, 6/21/35. Text : Western Union
chain telegraph. Lawsuit for 1/2 of fines - old law.
Lt. - England. Only five names on list. "P.S. If you've been
had, well I've been to but I've great hopes."
Publ. Clipping with above. Another 6d chain from England, probably
Lt. From England. "Send ... SIXPENCE" Ends: "There is no further
assessment or catch ... in this ..."
Lt. All hand written. "Prosperity Club" "... send that person
... a prosperity donation."
me1935up_sd_norman.htm Publ. by Esther Norman. "Be
careful! Choose friends who can be trusted." Other nonstandard
Publ. by Norman. "One Woman was in a car accident when she broke
the chain." Pos. & neg. testimonials!
me1936_pyr_sqdeal!_s$5n8.htm Prtd. "The 1936 Square Deal Automobile
Club". "A new car for $5.00". Images.
Publ. Chain memberships in Lake San Cristobal
Club Resort, Inc. Descr. only.
Prtd. Pyramid scheme from India. Printed form: The Money Circulating
Original document. Hoadley's Cities Services gasoline club.
No date, 1937 estimated.
me1938-07-05p1_vacation_s25n5q4.htm Publ. "Act quickly and get your vacation money." Implies
5 names. Quota 4. Send 25 cents.
Lt. - typed. Canadian war stamp scheme. Send a 25c War Saving Stamp
to top name on list of four.
Typed lt. & 4 carbons. "The Defend America Drive." With dated
Publ. Pre-Dec. 7, 1941. Promises "approximately
$781.25 in Savings Stamps ..."
me1941u_warstamp_s25c'n4q5.htm Lt. - handwritten. "Let's Buy
Stamps" Debatably pre-war.
Lt. - typed. Ten copies each w. war stamp. Two stamps to top name.
me1942u_warstamp_s25cn5q5.htm Lt. > PhC Handwritten. "War
Stamp Plan" "The chain has been approved by the U.S. Postal ..."
Lt. > PhC. W. 25c stamp. "Select ten of your friends and send
them each a 25c War Saving Stamp."
Lt. Sent from a private at Ford Ord, Calif., 1943. Send stamp
to top name. Five names, five copies.
me1944-03-28_warstamp_s1n5q5_pc.htm PC. " ... receive
$781 in 25c War stamps." "Lets Help The Boys"
me1944_warst_s2n5q10_rv.htm Carbon copy, war stamp affixed.
Send a war stamp with each of 10 copies. Two to top name. Rudy Vallee.
PhC of typed letter. "War Stamp Plan" "Approximately $781.25
will be sent you if this chain is not broken."
s1n3q5.htm Handwritten. "War Stamp Plan" Send on 25
cent war stamp. Three names, five copies.
Publ. Descr. of an abundant Springfield type pyramid
scheme. 10 names, $2 ante, 2 copies.
Publ. Description only of "Doughnut-Dollar" pyramid
scheme. $1 ante, 11 names.
Publ. Pyramid - house parties. Couples: $2 ante, ten
me1954-12-06_pyr_WealthC_s5n11q2.htm Typed lt. Pyramid
scheme - Wealth Campaign. Ante $5, 11 names, 2 copies. W. article.
Publ (2). Descriptions of an auto referral plan. $100
and $50 commissions.
PhC of typing. Springfield type pyramid scheme. With $5
postal money order.
me1968-5-13_vacation_s$6n6q3.htm Lt. "Executive Vacation
Quickie" Mailed pyramid scheme, like 1975, but 3 letters sold instead
Lt. Buy (Lt. and $3 MO) for $6; send
MO to top; sell 2(Lt & MO) for $6 each.
Lt. "Do you need $8,000?" Conventional MCL. "... initiated
by William Neham from Nashville ..."
PhC - spotty. "Do you need $8,000?"
"Let Bill Nelson tell you how I have run one of these
... letters ..."
Lt. Pyramid scheme. Buy letter for d; ante 5d to top; make 25 escalated
copies; sell for d each, by hand.
Publ. Parts of the "Circle of Gold" plan. Like the Springfield process, but no
me1978-09-06_robards_s$1n3.htm PhC WOULD YOU TRADE $1.00
FOR $125,000? DO IT . . . . IT REALLY DOES WORK
PhC "A New Age Promotional Letter" "Jill Nelson tells how she
has run three promotional letters ..."
Prtd. on blue paper. Eagle graphic on top right. "initiated
by Nelson Robbards of Boston." Uses "reports".
me1982u_CircleOfGold_sP20n12_e.htm PhC. Complete English version of "The Circle of Gold" pyramid
scheme. Ante £20 x 2.
PhC - late gen. "To the women in my life who know how to dream and
create their own reality."
Mimeograph. David Rhodes. "In September, 1983 my car was repossessed
..." "Today I am rich."
PhC. "My name is Rhoda Miles." "In November, 1984 my car was repossessed
PhC-3pp. "Philip A. Brown, Attorney at Law" Testimonial: "My name
is David Rose." Plugs a book.
PhC "To the Women Friends ..." One page only - no names or uses.
PhC "Jill Nelson ran these prompt letters ..." W. handwritten
names, addresses, uses of money.
Lt. Two hard puzzles - link to image. "You must pay for the solutions before ..." Stochastic
Lt. "My name is David Rhode." "Immediately mail a five dollar bill
to each of the five names below." see PS.
Prtd. A $10 ante is called a "loan". P.R.I. mailing list.
Lt. "Greetings! I am a retired attorney. " "... a man came to me
with a letter ...". Analysis - DWV.
Lt. Popular money chain letter. "As seen on Oprah". Analysis proves
main testimonial is fictional.
PhC Oprah, 20/20 headers. From "retired attorney". Buy list
online. My comments.
PhC Oprah 20/20 headers. From "retired attorney". Quota 200.
Religious chain letters promote
religious beliefs, causes or practices, but do not ask for money.
If they do they are classified as Charity chain letters.
See also Himmelsbrief.
Lt. "A Prayer to St. Joseph". Send five copies, pray for 9 days.
"Endless chain of prayer for a revival of religion in
Milwaukee, Wis. Quota five.
Publ. "Prayer to St. Joseph". Said to have been composed
by school girls but like above. Pray for 5 days.
Lt. Prayer request for missionaries. No. 152.
re1906-03-01_prayers_q10.htm PC. Prayer request for missionary
work and for new missionaries. No. 679/1000.
FlowerOfJesus_q3n1w4.htm Lt. "Say three Our Father's and three Hail Mary's" "...approved
by the Sisters of St. Francis."
Lt. "... a prayer for peace." "... say Hail Mary or Our Father
once a day for nine days."
Publ. "... a novena to Our Lady of Fatima." "for
peace." Judged communist in 1951 article.
Publ. " ...join me
in a Prayer for World Peace by repeating ... for nine days." No threat,
re1985-10-13p_px_s5q5.htm Publ. Like an exchange letter but w. prayers. "WARNING:
Disaster is likely to strike if you break the chain."
Lt. (text emailed). "... a NOVENA from Mother Theresa." "Say
4 Our Fathers and 4 Hail Marys."
re2010-06-28_anon-christian.htm PhC Book page on windshield.
"The Bible contains the mind of God, the state of man, the way of ..."
WORLD RECORD (9 + 14)
The world record chain letters motivate
replication exclusively by claiming distribution of copies will
likely set a world record and that participants will be acknowledged.
They circulated primarily among children after the new millennium,
having developed from a lineage of postcard exchange letters.
The list below contains both the earlier exchange letters (x-)
and the subsequent world record letters (w-).
FOR THE "kids" TYPE CHAIN LETTERS.
From the file names: x = exchange, w = world record, e = English,
pc = postcard, kids = a type of postcard exchange and world record
that explicitly declares its intent to circulate among
children, nost = no stamp required
for delivery, s = send, nx = a list with x names and addresses is present,
n0 = list is absent, q = copy quota.
Abbreviations used in the annotations.
Germany = The letter originated in Germany. Also Australia,
Record Breakers = The letter was mentioned on this
PO-apr = The Post Office has approved the letter. Often
the US Post Office. Usually approved for children, or as a
"game" for children.
NevBr = The chain (letter) has never been "broken".
DelBr = Delay Breaks. To delay, that is, exceed a stated
time limit to send copies, constitutes breaking the chain.
SendPC = Send a post card to the top name on the list.
GBWR = If the chain is not broken by a certain date, the letter
will appear in the Guinness Book of World Records.
GBWR-N = The names of all the participants will also
appear in Guinness, often that the recipient's own name will
KidsOnly = Send the copies of the letter exclusively
to kids, or to friends 16 and under, or 18 and under.
9Yrs = If you break the chain, all the participants
will have to wait 9 years before they get another chance for a
Decl = Declaration. Sender must write on the envelope:
"Guinness Book of World Records for Children", often where stamp
PO-track = The post office is tracking the chain letter,
as by determining if it is broken, or who broke it, or whose
name should go in Guinness.
NamesVis = Names Visible. The list of names is to be
written on the envelope, usually on its back, often to facilitate
RecLet = You will receive a letter documenting your
participation, or a thank you, or verification that your name
will be in the record book.
"!" (after an abbreviation) = this is the earliest
example of the corresponding statement among the kids type chain
The abbreviations in the annotations following each letter file
are in the same order as the corresponding statements in the
xe1976-06_pc_kids! s1n6q6.htm PO-apr!, SendPC, NevBr!, DelBr! "... approved by the USPS as an educational game for children."
GBWR!, NevBr, SendPC, DelBr, PO-apr. "Do this within 4 days or the
chain will be broken."
xe1987-05_pc_kids_s1n6qf.htm Record Breakers!,
SendPC, DelBr, GBWR. "This is an international chain children's
GBWR, NevBr, SendPC, PO-apr. "Please do
not spoil it for the rest of us."
SendPC. "Within a few weeks you will receive 36 postcard
from all over the world."
Germany, GBWR-N!, SendPC, DelBr, 9Yrs! "... we would have
to wait another nine years ..."
Germany, GBWR-N, NevBr, SendPC, DelBr, 9Yrs, PO-apr.
"... started by 6 kids in Germany in 1996."
Germany, GBWR-N, NevBr, SendPC, 9Yrs, PO-apr.
"If it can keep going though 1996, it will
be in ..."
xe1999-01_kids_s1n-q6.htm Germany, GBWR-N,
NevBr, KidsOnly!, SendPC, DelBr, PO-apr. "Copy
this word for word and ... to six kids."
we2000-11_kids_nost!_n5q6.htm nost!, GBWR-N,
NevBr, PO-track!, DelBr, NamesVis!. "... no stamp is needed ..."
we2001-04-18_kids_n4q6.htm Australia!, GBWR, NevBr,
KidsOnly, PO-track, NamesVis, Decl!, DelBr. Says it is not a "stupid
we2001-05-21_kids_(n5)d4q1+.htm Austr., GBWR, NevBr, PO-track, Decl, NameVis, DelBr, KidsOnly.
"... post offices are keeping track..."
we2001-07-26_kids_n0q6.htm Austr., GBWR, NevBr, KidsOnly, PO-track, Decl, NamesVis,
DelBr. "... kids will do the longest chain lt."
Austr., GBWR, NevBr, KidsOnly, PO-track, Decl, NameVis, DelBr.
"We are trying to break a world record!"
GBWR, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet!.
"Please do not be the first one to break it!"
we2005-07-19_kids_stamp_n6q6.htm GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl, PO-track,
NamesVis, KidsOnly. "P.S. Lots of kids are counting on you!!!"
GBWR-N, NevBr, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "... to help kids who
started this letter in 1996?"
GBWR-N, NevBr, PO-track, Decl, DelBr, NamesVis, RecLet. "In a
month ... receive notification ..."
we2006-03-08_kids_nost_n0q7.htm GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. " ...
the post office knows who broke the chain."
GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "... 4 days
to send it to 7 people under ... 16."
GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "... receive a
thank you letter." Note: mother.
NevBr, Decl, PO-track, ,KidsOnly RecLet. "... be cool to see your
name in the Guinness ..."
NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "DON'T THROW THIS AWAY!!!!!"
EXCHANGE CHAIN LETTERS (111)
The exchange chain letters ask that
an item of small value be sent to one or more prior senders,
promising that if a specified number of copies are distributed the
sender will in turn receive many such items.
x = Exchange, quiltp
= quilt patch, handk = handkerchief, pc = postcard, wrag
= wash rag, turktwl = Turkish
towel, rec = recipe,
pbbook = paper back book, ch-book = children's book
Publ. Joking exchange of a 75c golf ball. List
not provided, nor number of names in list.
PC Rodeo Card: Alice Sisty, Mexico City Cowgirl, in Roman Jumps.
xe1935-09-18br_quiltp_s1n5q5.htm Lt. "Happy Day Quilt Block". With 3 annotated polygonal
paper patterns. "Happy Days for You!!"
Lt. "World Friend Quilt Chain" "Do you
want your fortune told? I enclose a coupon."
Lt. Small format. "In turn, as your name comes to the top
of the list, you will receive 256 hankies."
"Happy Day quilt block chain" With three annotated polygonal
xe1935u_handk_s1n4q4.htm Lt. "If you
have the faith your friends have, this chain will not be
broken." Found in a book.
Lt. Send-a-Dime text! e.g. "Isn't that worth a
hankie?" Intermediate example.
Lt. Some Send-a-Dime influence. "Do as quickly as possible."
xe1936-11-04z1_stamps_s10n6q5.htm Typed Lt. "How to increase your stamp collektion" (sic).
With German version in Swiss cover.
Typed Lt. From same as above. With German
version (not transcribed). Swiss cover.
xe1937-02-26p_teatowel_s1n3q3_.htm Publ. (Pittsburgh Press) fragment. "...just for
the fun of it."
xe1937-05-07_handk_s1n3q3.htm PC "Pin
your name and address to the handkerchief you send."
Publ. Deadline 3 also. "You should get 135 ...."
(or 155). Postmistress compares to Send-a-Dime.
xe1938-04-19_handk_n3s1x3q5 PhC > PC. Copy of eBay
lot. 3 names, one to each, quota 5. Kentucky.
PC > Copy. Taken from eBay auction photos.
"This chain was started to help U see more view cards."
PC =CARD CHAIN= "You may send one or
more card to the above name."
xe1939-05_pc_s1n5q4.htm PC (Indianapolis).
Exchange postcards. "Mail four copies to friends."
Exchanges Postcards. "Card shower."
Send 4, 4 names, 4 copies.
xe1939-07_pc_s4n4_dates.htm PC "To add new and interesting cards to you collection send
a view card to each name below."
Send one view card and five copies. Four
names. US, 1939?
xe1939u_pc_s4n4q5.htm PC "4. Mrs. E. H. Morton, Box
103, Blue Rapids, Ks. (Capitals + Churches only)".
xe1940-04sb!_hanky_s 1n3q4.htm PC sb=Sebacher
horde (9). Photocopied pc's from James Patterson. "Would you join
my hanky club?
Lt. > PhC "Get ... 36 dish towels at the price of one
within three days." Mailman's note on legality.
"Send a handkerchief to the above names (3). You should
receive yours at once - 155 in all."
xe1940-11_pc_s1n5q5.htm PC "P.S. Please write.
Haven't heard from you for a long time."
xe1941-02_apron_s1n2q5.htm PC-USPS Apron Club.
"From the James H. Patterson "Unmailable"
will have fun when your aprons begin to come in."
xe1941-02-18sb_wrag_s2n2q5_note.htm PC>PhC "... I thought you &
Doris said she had enough wash rags in her cedar chest?"
xe1941-02-18sb_wrag_s2q5n2.htm PC>PhC "... you will receive
30 wash rags immediately instead of waiting till your name reaches
xe1941-02-26sb_apron_s1n2q5.htm PC>PhC "This club is to increase
your apron supply."
"Do not break this chain for it is fun to see where they come from."
"Omit top name and send her an apron. Add
your name to the bottom."
PC>PhC "You should
receive 36 towels."
PC All text: "Send a Card to top name. Omit and
add Your name then make 5 copies and send to 5 friends."
PC - "Negro - 'heben' - a watermelon feast in Dixie." "Make 5 copies of this card to send to 5 pals ..."
xe1942-10_pc_s3n3q5_future.htm PC "Future Card Club"
"Send a card to all names on this card. And receive over 100 cards."
PC "Send card to top name discard their name add yours to bottom.
You will receive 160 cards."
> PhC. James H. Patterson "Unmailable" Collection. Stamped: "Received
For / Trial / From K. C. Kans"
PC "View Card Club"
PC "Mail one view card to each of the
PC - PB2-Y-2 Navy Plane in Flight, over San
Diego. Town address: "Rowe Miller / Nikep, Md."
PC > Transcribed from an auction photo. "Postcard Club"
PC "Send each name a scenic card." Town
address, sent to: "James Bartels Revere, Mo"
xe1946-10_pc_girls_s5n5q5.htm PC Gender specific: "Send a post card to each of these girls. then make 5 copies
and send to 5 girls."
PC>PhC (copy lost). "Send to each a card below." Provided by
Rev. Michael M. Strong.
PC> Transcribed from auction photo. Sender used blue address
stamp - from Brooklyn.
PC No predicted amount. Town address: "Mrs. Mae Frey / Stewartstown
PC> Transcribed from auction photo. List & address has
seven different states.
PC View card exchange. Erie, Pa. beach. Six names, send six,
PC "The Tea Towel Club"
Publ. Denounced by local Postmaster.
PC - USPS. Instructions could mean to send Turkish towel to
top name on list after revised for sending.
Lt. Send to 5 of your friends in 3 days." Letter: "Did Jo send
you a 'Hankie Club' letter?"
Lt. "This club is different because
you start receiving hankies at once ..."
Lt. "If you do not want to do this, send to the last name on the
list. Thank you, Towel Club."
Lt. England. Have a response
to same person, same chain letter.
Lt. "Dear Friend" "Our club has started a tea towel Chain."
Publ. Pantie Club. Partial. Quota six, two names.
Article describes high volume mailing.
Lt. - handwritten in green ink. "This
is legal as no money is involved."
Publ. Exchanges fishing "plugs" (lures). 6 c., 2 names,
deadline 3 days. Abundant.
xe1954-06_pc_s1n4q4.htm PC "International Friendship
Game" " ... and send them to 4 of your friends (especially young
Lt. "This is not illegal as no money
is involved - - just good cooking."
Lt. "Please mail one of your favorite recipes to the top names."
Lt. - typed. Kenya, Tanganyika & Uganda cover. "We are all
stamp collectors ..."
Lt. QSL = confirms reception of signal. List works in reverse -
drop bottom name. QSL card enclosed.
Lt. List of 10 names works in usual way. "In twenty days you should
receive 250 cards."
Lt. "This is a recipe club!"
Lt. from Japan to US. Innovations. "Please
send a picture post card to the first person on the list."
PC - typed & writing. Spokane World's Fair. "We will trade
one for one with you if you like."
Lt. > PhC Preston. " ... please send a copy of this letter
to six friends and a recipe to the two names above."
Lt. Two names left & right. "Please don't spoil the fun
for those who have joined."
Lt. "This is a recipe club ..." Note
(part): "I sent one to Trice too, so don't put her on your list."
xe1976-06_pc_kids! s1n6q6.htm Lt. "This
is a chain letter approved by the US. Postal Service as an educational
game for children." Kids!
Lt. - red. "This is a recipe club; no money is involved."
Lt. Blank slots for 2 names, but may have been more. "You should
receive 124 recipes."
PhC For "discriminating collector". Freud,
whales, cemeteries, pre-1948 Palestine, retro-futuro aesthetics.
PhC For folklorists as below. Interests: anything involving
visual humor, anything obscene, jokes, graffiti.
PhC Said to be for folklorists. Preferences: Old cars &
trucks, people eating, architecture, animals, women.
Lt. Two names left & right. "My apologies for the .imposition"
PhC - late, handwr. Kid's PC exchange. "... if it goes on till
1985 it will be in the guiness book of records."
PhC of typing. "This letter was started in Switzerland
and even Prince William is on the list."
xe1988-03_potholder_s1n2q6.htm Lt. "This is not a chain letter,
but a pot holder club."
Lt. > PhC "Please send a copy of your favorite recipe to
the person listed as #1."
Lt. > PhC From note: "This is what married people do for
Lt. > PhC. "This is not a chain letter, but a dishtowel club."
PhC "The Trout-fly Fun Club." "It's a real surprise to see the
assortment you receive."
Lt - Word Processor. " ... started by children
in Germany as an educational experience, began in 1985."
xe1992-04_dishtowel_s1n2q6.htm Lt. -
WP. "This is a dish towel club, not a chain letter, although it may
look suspiciously like a one."
PhC "This is a Panty Parade" "You should receive 36 paris of NEW (let's make that
clear), NEW, NEW ..."
Lt. "This is a pretty panties exchange" "Remember to include your
size ..." Collected by Paul Smith.
PhC "Used Paperback Book Club" "There should be only 2 names
on the list at all times."
PhC "Believe it or not, this is a DOGGIE TOY EXCHANGE."
Lt. - formal headings from a Dean at UC Boulder. Note from Vice
Chancellor. Two names side by side.
Lt. > PhC Names deleted. Described in 3 numbered steps.
"It is fun and legal."
PhC "This game has been organized by young
persons all over the world." No mention of world record.
xe1996-02_stamps_s30n8q5+.htm Prtd. (table) > PhC "The
Forever Stamp Exchanger" " ... one to the person you are sending
PhC of handwr. from spiral binder. "This
is a chain letter from Sil in Germany."
xe1996-08_pc_kids_s1n5q6.htm Lt. - handwr in blue ink. "I sure hope you don't break the chain."
xe1996-09_collctbl_s1n13.htm PhC. "Super Exchange" 12 addr.,
10 Xed, all women. For: phone cards, stickers, postcards w. rabbits
PhC. Exchanges grocery coupons. "Make
lots of copies and send a copy along with all your trades."
xe1996-10_pc_kids_s1n8q6.htm PhC of Word Pr. "This game has
been approved by the Postal Service as an education game for children."
PhC - smudged. "The Forever Stamp Exchange" "Send as many copies
as possible to others ..."
PhC "The Forever Stamp Exchange" (above). "Feel free to include collecting interests under your name."
xe1996-12_button_s1n2q6.htm PhC "This is a Button Tree. There is no money involved, so it
can be fun"
xe1996-12_lottery_s1n2q6.htm Lt. Came with one scratcher - note
said send back for cashing if a winner. You send 1+6. Said to get 36.
PhC - names cut off. "We want to break the record." "Copy
this word for word and send it to six kids."
xe2006-07_ch-book_s1n2q6.htm PhC. Two level exchange of
children's books. Claims "cleared by the US Post Office."
Typed Lt. German version of xe1936-11z1_stamps_s10n6q5.
PhC Portuguese (Brazil) - no translation. "Esta corrente foi iniciada por crianças alemas."
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