PAPER CHAIN LETTER ARCHIVE - ANNOTATED INDEX
Daniel W. VanArsdale
The chain letters in the Paper Chain Letter Archive are html files
containing transcribed text and documentation. These files reside
in the http://www.silcom.com/~barnowl/chain-letter/archive/
directory. This annotated index lists the clickable names of all
files in the archive. A one line description follows each
filename. These are highly variable. The
Paper Chain Letter Archive is cited extensively by Chain Letter Evolution (a history
and analysis of paper chain letters), and the companion article The Origin of Money Chain Letters. You
may copy or link to any chain letter in the archive without
These public files and directories pertaining
to paper chain letters are present in the /archive/ directory.
Technical information on
documenting, naming and formatting archive entries. Additional
THIS FILE, which
lists, links to, and annotates the chain letters in the Paper
Chain Letter Archive.
chain letter files
LINKS LISTED BELOW. Text and documentation of
each of the chain letters in the archive.
A directory containing some French language chain
letters. Contents listed in !content-fr.
A directory containing some German language chain
letters. Contents listed in !content-ge.
A directory containing some Russian language chain letters.
Contents listed in !content-ru.
These are two small archives in the /chain-letter/ directory.
Contains chain emails mentioned in Chain Letter Evolution.
Contents listed at !contents-e.
/photo-archive/ Contains photographs
related to chain letters. Contents listed at !contents-ph.
CHAIN LETTER FILES
Every chain letter in the archive is transcribed exactly as
written. Each appears as a separate html file (extension htm).
The names of these files are selected so they order usefully by
name, and provide information about the letter.
Ordering is by (1) motivational category, (2) language, (3)
circulation date (if published in a newspaper, the date of the
FILE NAMING ABBREVIATIONS
Motivational categories: a = advocacy, c = charity, j =
parody, l = luck, m = money, r = religion, w = world record, x =
Other categories: h = Himmelsbrief, i = related items.
Definitions of these ten categories are given at the beginning of
each block of corresponding items below.
Languages: d =
Dutch, e = English, f = French, g =
German, ic = Icelandic, pl = Polish, pr = Portuguese.
Dates: xxxx = year only, xxxx-xx = year
and month only, xxxx-xx-xx = year-month-day
Uncertainty in date = "u" immediately after year or month.
Example: 1935-05u means the month "05" is
Source designators used directly at the end of the
date: p = published, p1 = found using newspapers.com,
p2 = found using newspaperarchive.com, xxx = various horde designations.
Chain letter specifications: s =
send, q = copy quota, w = wait, d = deadline,
n5 = a list with 5 names.
Incomplete text is designated by an underline at the
end of the filename. Example: le1960-03-026p_bym_n28_.htm
Example: le1906-06-30p1_ap_recite_q9.htm is the filename
for a luck chain letter (l) in English (e) in a newspaper dated
June 30, 1906, found using the online database newspapers.com
(p1). It is a type called Ancient Prayer (ap), has the
word "recite" in its text, and asks for nine copies (q9).
The first item in the notes following the filenames describes the
physical form of the original source for the text of the chain
Here are abbreviations used to describe this physical form.
Lt. A handwritten or typed letter.
Prtd. A machine printed letter or
PC A picture postcard, or government issued postal
PhC A circulating photocopy.
Publ. A publication, or commercially produced postcard.
Additional abbreviations appear in red type
in many of the categories below.
the category name below will transfer within this index to the
list of archive items of that
category. The categories are arranged alphabetically by their one
letter abbreviation given above (a, c, h, i, j, l, m, r, w, x).
Advocacy Charity Himmelsbrief
Items Parody Luck
Money Religion World Record Exchange
Advocacy chain letters promote some cause
other than religion, and do not ask that money be sent. Often they
involve a petition.
Also included in this category are announcements and invitations.
a = Advocacy, e = English, p =
from a publication, q = copy quota, d = deadline
Publ. - partial. Handbill citing the crimes of the
"foreign devils." Boxer rebellion. Six or ten copies.
Publ. "You are cordially invited to join the ranks of
suffrage advocates in Oklahoma."
Publ. Endless chain of prayer for defeat of McKinley.
W.C.T.U. Two copies - one to out of state.
Publ. "New Scheme to Promote Purchase of Fair
Goods." Five copies.
Lt. "a mammoth petition ... for a National law
to prohibit the sale of cigarettes to minors."
Publ. Prayer chain for sabbath closing. Alleged by Donald
Wickets (George Sylvester Viereck pseudonym).
PC "A National league is being founded to start a crusade
against the cigarette habit."
Publ. U. S. Moral Society, Philadelphia.
Claim it is fake - denounced by W.C.T.U.
ae1904-10-21_anti-smoking_q4.htm PC "A National League
has been formed ..." "A Mammoth Petition is to be sent to
Publ. Chain letter by Negroes denounces proposed
Oklahoma state constitution.
Text (front & back) of temperance postcard - spaces for
four addresses. Link to image.
Publ. Detailed instructions for conscientious
objectors to conscription for WWI.
ae1917-11-05p_antiwar_nyt.htm Publ. NYT. Refers
to La Follete's speech of 4/8/17. "...and send ... to
friends of immediate peace."
Publ. Chain letter urging suppression of malicious
stories against US war effort.
Publ. Opposing cooperation with Royal Irish Police
- by Sinn Fein.
Publ. Opposes prohibition. "Send this letter to five wet
Publ. "Owing to the unfair jump in the price of sugar
and for no apparent cause ..."
Publ. Automobile safety campaign. ccc = "Cross
crossings cautiously" See luck letters.
Publ. NYT, 11/23/27. Chain petition started to
draft Coolidge for President in 1928.
Publ. Urges spending, enterprise and a positive
attitude to revive the US economy.
Advocates boycott of all things Japanese.
Typed letter. Asks Pres. Hoover to modify prohibition.
Publ. " ...
on May 1, 1935, we will all start together, buying and working."
Publ. A chain letter invitation to an "unusual" party.
From Helen Mont - concurrent suicide.
Publ. PC. anti-Roosevelt. "Ten million postcards will
kill this third term talk." Quota 5.
Publ. Chain petition - anti-war. "Is your life
worth 5 cents to you?"
Publ. American Neutrality League (partial). Opposes US
entry in war in Europe.
Lt. Advocates Republican Wendell Willkie for President. No
money. Provided by Wendell Peterson.
Publ & chain letter. Used in 1940 Presidential campaign.
Publ. Advocating 15 day buying boycott protesting
high price of butter, meat, eggs.
Publ. NYT. "I do not agree
with the dictatorship of the Communist party in the Czechoslovak
ae1955-10-30_postcards-for-nixon_q10.htm PC. A B&W
portrait & promotion for Nixon for Pres. Ordering
Publ. "Have you ever had the urge to tell Drew Pearson
to 'go to hell?'" KKK
ae1985-11-14_nonukes_q10.htm Lt. "... support of a
world wide movement for nuclear disarmament."
ae1985-12-11_nonukes_ten_q10.htm Lt. "Write ten
scholars you know and send a copy to Professor Ito ..."
ae1986-01-07_nonukes_q10_2pp.htm Lt. "I am continuing this chain as a expression of a
world-wide movement for nuclear disarmament."
ae1986-02_greenham.htm Lt. Recruiting for Greenham peace
camps. "They do not need gifts of food but more women to go and
ae1986-05-09_nonukes_q10.htm Lt. "I have received a letter which is a part of a chain that
started in Nagoya University, Japan."
ae1986-09-10_proctor.htm PhC - transcription. Libelous
Proctor & Gamble boycott for Satanism. List of products. Link to
PhC. "Dr. Mzobanzi Mboya ...
has initiated a chain ... to abolish apartheid in South Africa."
ae1988-02-17_apartheid.htm PhC "Please join the chain by writing ten further teachers,
and send a copy of your letter to Dr. M. Mboya ..."
you agree ..., please copy it and send it
on to other addresses like a round-robin
chain letter linking world academics in solidarity for the
abolition of apartheid in South Africa ..."
PhC "Madelyn Murray O'Hare ... could stop the reading of the
gospel on airways of America."
PhC "Madelyn O'Hare is also
campaigning to remove all Christmas songs and carols from public
CHAIN LETTERS (40)
A charity chain letter requests money or
some item be sent to a fixed address, ostensibly for charitable,
religious, political or memorial purposes.
c = Charity, e = English, s=send,
c=cent, d =dime, D=dollar, sd = send dime
Publ. "... returning this, with one dollar
enclosed, to James P. Foster ..."
Publ. Editor was asked to confirm legitimacy.
"Mrs. J. H. Hinsdale is authorized to collect ..."
Lt. For education in the Cumberlands. NOT
self-terminating. sd = send dime
ce1888-12-22_nh-church_sdq2.htm Lt. To erect a New
Hampshire church. Sent Dec. 22, 1888. No. 5/13.
Publ. From George W. Martin to
help him become a Christian missionary.
ce1893-05-30_orphan-home_sdq3.htm Lt. For orphan home
in Iowa. Self-terminating at 791 generations. This no. 112
ce1895-04-13_SuttonNebChurch_9of40_sdq2 Lt. For new
church building in Sutton, Neb. Send dime, two copies. No. 9
Lt. For a widow in Marshall, Mo. With adjoining letter. No.
ce1896-03-08_boysfarm_sdq3.htm Lt. For Good Will Farm
for boys, Freeman, Maine. No. 45/50.
ce1896-04-28_orphans-ky_sdq3.htm Lt. For Christian
Widows and Orphans Home, Louisville, Ky. No. 28/58.
Lt. For the Christian Orphans Home of Louisville, Ky., as
above. No. 21/58. No reliable date.
Lt. From auction photos. Ten cents for
Somerville, N.J. hospital. No. 19/100.
ce1900-09-12_stamps_q3_oed.htm Lt. Seeks one million
stamps for children's ward - New South Wales. No. 173/180.
Lt. - typed on RR stationery. For a monument to the late
President McKinley. No. 14.
ce1902-02-26p_missing_q3.htm Publ. Seeks to locate
missing woman and her nephew. From Evanston, Illinois. See 1910.
Publ. Dime for Canton, Ohio monument. Mentions imposing on
ce1903-05-08_barnardo_q3_e.htm Lt. For the Barnardo
homes for children. No. 130/180.
Publ. Seeking a million used stamps (ten at a
time) to furnish children's ward.
ce1905-10-26_mckinley_sdq3.htm Lt. Another for
McKinley monument in Canton, Ohio. No. 209.
Lt. Copied from unsold eBay lot. For Democratic House
campaigns & resulting investigations.
Lt. For the children's ward (see 1900). Mentioned by
Oxford English Dictionary. No.
Publ. "... in receipt of a letter ..." "... one to
a near friend, others far away ..."
Publ. Flood relief ($1) for Hamilton, Ohio. Copy
Publ. Claims $.10 to be turned over to Red Cross.
Self-terminated at 12. No. 8.
ce1915-04up_redcross_s24q4.htm Publ. For
anesthetics for allied war wounded. Exceeded original 100
Lt. For W.D. Westberry ("Billy"), an old railroad man.
No. 30/50. See 1916.
Lt. Tobacco for "the boys at the front." Send 25c "in
ce1916-05-08p_billy_sdq5.htm Publ. For Billy. Complete
text. No. 34/50. See 1915.
Publ. Anaesthetics for allied hospitals in
England. Send 24 cents. Four copies. Abundant.
ce1918-03-29_warthrift_q5.htm Lt. - transcribed from
auction photo. Sends one war Thrift Stamp on card with more
ce1918-04-30_warthrift_q5.htm Lt. Another Thrift Stamp
chain, typed. With envelope and card with one 25c Thrift Stamp.
ce1918-05-15_warthrift_q10.htm Lt. Thrift Stamp - Van
Norsdall Automatic Oiler Co. No stamp, but with Christmas club
Lt. For relief of suffering in Germany
incident to the war. Send via Red Cross. No. 95/100.
ce1935-07-17p_flood_sdq3_.htm Publ. Fragment: Send
dime for flood victims (Red Cross).
ce1950-02-06rr_taft_s1Dq10.htm Lt. Wants $1 to
re-elect Ohio Senator Howard Taft. From discarded railroad police
Publ. As above, slight changes in text. Cuts off
ce1964-02-19p_evers_s$1q9.htm Publ. Asks $1 be
sent to Miss. Gov. Ross Barnett for family of slain civil rights
leader Medgar Evans.
ce1989-10-10p_craig_getwell.htm Publ. Asks that get-well
cards be sent to 7 year old cancer patient Craig Shergold for
ce1991-01-28_craig_buscard.htm Lt. Asks that business
cards be sent to 7 year old cancer patient Craig Shergold
for Guinness record.
ce1996-06-11_farkas_s10Dq10.htm Lt. Seeks $10 for Home
Care Program, Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. By Carol Farkas.
HIMMELSBRIEF - LETTERS FROM HEAVEN
The Letters from Heaven (German: Himmelsbrief)
claim to have been written by God or some divine agent. They often
command Sabbath observance and promise the bearer magical
All but a few of the Himmelsbrief texts in the archive are from
h = Himmelsbrief, e = English,
sab = Jesus' sabbath letter
Prtd. Jesus' Sabbath letter & Miracles, King Agbarus to
Christ, Christ's answer, and Lentulus's Epistle.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Found at Iconium. Also called
The Lady Cubas Letter.
by Anand Yang. Injunctions from Hindu Letters from Heaven, 19th
Prtd. Catholic. Partial Jesus' Sabbath letter.
Oration. Account of the Passion. List of miracles.
The King Charles Himmelsbrief. From the Pennsylvania Dutch
country. Berks County Historical Society.
Publ. The Holstein Himmelsbrief. Much protection against
weapons. The translation has been criticized.
The Count Philip Himmelsbrief. Used in the Revolutionary War.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Article has King
Agbarrus' letter and Jesus' reply (neither transcribed)
Publ. "...as Christ stopped at the Mount Olive all
guns shall stop."
Publ. (1) Letter from Jesus to King Agbar of Edessa. (2)
Letter from King Agbar to Jesus.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Circulated in the Virgin
Publ. Himmelsbrief - circulating in south through mails.
Little text given for this version.
Publ. Himmelsbrief - circulating in south through mails.
Much text for this version.
Copy of Prtd. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Circulated during the
1940's. From Newfoundland.
Publ. Jesus' Sabbath letter. Purchased by Goodspeed
from a street peddler.
Prtd. The Madgeburg Himmelsbrief. Printed in the US in 1951.
Publ. Used in WWII and Vietnam. Accounts of bearers
returning from war unharmed.
sab_Latter-Day.htm Publ. "Whosoever worketh on the
Sabbath ..." Added: paragraph on "later-day".
Email. Posted to an Islamic Coins list. Islamic Himmelsbrief
adjoined. From paper.
Lt. Holstein type letter from heaven. Protections. No
sabbath observance. Dog test. No original German.
Prtd. English translation by Kate Gladstone of hg1887u_germain_image1
hic1200_jesus_sab_iceland_.htm Publ. Jesus'
Sabbath letter. Icelandic language (ic).
This category contains paper items related to chain letters.
i = item , pc = post card
Publ. The "Parisian Skirt" chain selling plan is
described in a personal letter from a woman to her cousin.
PC Proto-PC exchange? Three names & addresses on
picture side. Asks 1 PC be sent.
Image of front & back (stitched) of remailer postcard -
stamps stacked. Link to image..
Image of front & back (stitched) of remailer postcard -
stamps in a row.
ie1909-11-28_pcshower_response.htm PC Responds to a
request for a "Post card shower." Ask for one in return.
ie1911-09_churchbazaar_notice_e.html PC Solicits a
shilling (Postal Order) for more cards like this - to benefit a
church school (?).
ie1912-04-02_pcshower_request.htm PC - real photo of
sender's farm tank. Requests a "card shower" for his mother for
PC - scan from eBay. Asks recipient to return
ie1935-05-10z-pyramid_guaranteed.htm Lt. Revealing
letter on The Guaranteed Prosperity Club. With me1935-05-10_guaranteed_s$1n6.
Typed Office humor - "That leaves you
to do the work." "Eligible for Townsend pension -
ie1937_xcl-pc-sent_note.htm PC >email. Sends
PC to XCL 2nd from top. "I would be pleased to exchange
view cars with you."
ie1937-08-21_penpal_response.htm PC "I received your
name through a Chain letter ..." "I am just a farmer's wife
and I enjoy farming ..."
PC "Don't think it was very sporting of you to break a
Match Book cover. Undated, est. 1940. Ads from "Crazy House"
in Baltimore. "Crazy Chain Letters"
Image of matchbook cover (front & back) with ads for
novelties including Crazy Chain Letters.
eBay lot description - collection of 41 hankies
using XCL. Style comment.
ie1945-08-14_warst_response.htm Lt. " ... was
sent to me and your name was at the top of the list. So I am
enclosing a 25c War stamp."
ie1945u_pc_penpal-request PC. Donna Reno, apparently responding to a
postcard exchange, asks for a pen pal. Date very
ie1948-11-17p1_FoodForThought!_NoGolf.htm Publ. Ill fate of 8 tycoons who met in
Chicago in 1923. Before Gene Saracen mention.
Lt. - England. A response to a hankie exchange chain letter.
Hankie enclosed in envelope.
PC "Barbara Buster sent me a chain letter, so here's
your post card. Barbara Gentry"
ie1960-09-06_xcl-pc-sent_note.htm PC "You don't know
who I am but I'm on the chain that Hope started and I glad to send
you this card."
ie1963-02-16p1_Tycoons-Fate_Bowler.htm Publ. Said to
come from bowling equipment manufacturer. Predates Gene
ie1966-07-28p1_Tycoons_Sarazen!_Mockridge Publ. "Food for Thought: with
Sarazen postscript. Also see next.
From a web page. "Conclusion: Stop worrying about your money
and get out and play golf."
ie1967-10-21p1_Food4Thought_golferSarazen.htm Publ. Untitled "Food for Thought" (ill
fated tycoons). With Gene Sarazen addition.
Publ. (local). On menu of Cafe Pizzeria, Bloomington, IN.
"Play Golf" office humor item.
Publ. Esquire, Aug. 1977. Reduced
"Play Golf" office humor item.
ie1985u_useful-phrases.htm PhC. Office humor
item. Mock tourist Arabic for dealing with terrorism.
LETTERS - JOKES (46)
Parody letters mock the style
and methods of circulating chain letters. The request for copies
may not be serious, but parody letters often circulate in the
j = parody (joke), e = English,
wifex = wife exchange type, husbx = husband exchange type,
fertclub = fertilizer club type
Publ. Asks recipient to introduce marriageable man to
Lt. Parody of Send-a-Dime (SD). Send soiled toilet paper.
Signed "Lucy Bowels" (web research) & others.
je1935_pullchain.htm Lt. Parody of SD. The "Pull Chain
Letter". Send a roll of toilet paper.
je1935_pullchain_no-names.htm Lt. Pull Chain Letter.
No joke names Send roll of toilet paper. Wipe out national debt.
Publ. "In Bacchus We Bust"
"Within three drinks make five copies ..."
Publ. Parody - partial text. Send bale of hay, used socks,
used razor blades.
Lt. Parody. "Chastisement Club". Kick five SD senders twice
in the ass. Five copies to robust friends.
je1935rr_kick.htm Lt. "Kick
in the Ass Chain". Two kicks to five senders. From railroad
Publ. "When you receive this letter, buy yourself a gun and
shoot the guy at the top ..."
Publ. Reno Prosperity Chain.
"... you should receive 15,125 women."
Publ. Wife exchange parody. "...bundle up your wife and
send her ..."
Publ. Ends: "... you will receive 3125 women." No
"Reno" US, 1939.
Publ. "One man broke the chain and got his own
Publ. "...send a copy ... to five soldiers ..."
Wife back. "15,625 gorgeous girls"
Publ. "...started in Reno ..." "...15,176
Gorgeous Girls." Wife back joke.
Lt. "Reno" "...16,179 women." With list of 7
names: "Tommy Manville ..."
Publ. "Man's Paradise Chain Letter." "...receive
6,718 women." Wife back joke.
Publ. "Wife" substituted for "husband". Otherwise
standard for time. Receive 15,188 men.
Lt. Wife exchange parody. Friend received 183 women - died.
Had smile (earliest).
Publ Smile on face joke. 16,178 men.
je1954-07-20p_wifex_pc_188.htm Prtd. PC. Wife
exchange commercial postcard. You will get 188 women.
je1954-08-01_wifex_n9_undertaker!.htm Lt. "...started
in Peoria" Nine celebrity names. Undertaker joke as a
Publ. Wife exchange letter. Get 3246 women. One man broke
chain - got own wife back.
PC - unmailed. Commercial postcard from England. Wife
PC - unmailed. Exactly as above, except US "dillies" is
"smashers" in England.
PC - unmailed. Commercial postcard, no illustration - prtd.
text only. Get 188 women.
Publ. Get 625 women. Both: "got old lady back" and got 256
women, died with a smile.
je1955-03-02p_wifex_smile_16487.htm Publ. from
mimeograph. Get 16,4487 women. Like je1955_wifex - both concluding
je1956-04-17p_wifex_pc_5814.htm PC - mailed 4/17/1956
from Oklahoma. Get 5,814 women. Commercial PC.
Publ. Get 16,740 women. Like je1955_wifex - both concluding
je1959-05-23p_wifex_16478.htm Publ. Get 16,487
women. Only concluding joke: got old lady back.
je1962-04-14p_wifex_pc_5814.htm PC - mailed 4/11/1962
from Utah. Same card as je1956-04.
je1964p_RepublicanCL_pc_q10.htm PC - commercial,
unmailed. "the Republican Chain Letter". Opposes Lyndon Johnson.
Publ. Husband exchange - from Walter Winchell.
Undertakers erase grin.
je1971-12p_fertclub!_3267.htm Publ. Crap on lawn of
first address. Get 3267 same. Lucy Bowels on list. Earliest
Publ. Substitution in wife exchange parody. Get 16,436
Publ. Husband Exchange - earliest collected. "...to
get smile off face."
Lt. > PhC. Early Husband Exchange. Get 16,874 men. Both
je1980-06-17_wifex_2000.htm Lt. Get over 2,000 women.
Slots for 8 names. One man ... got his own bitch back."
je1985-03-02_wifex_16487.htm Lt. Get 16,487 women.
Undertaker joke is a PS. Collected by William Hansen.
PhC - typed original. "One woman ... got her own S.O.B.
- word processor original. Started as a commercial promotion of a
PhC - late generation. "... there will be 9,2218 people
shitting on your lawn."
je1985-10-29_fertclub_9216.htm PhC Landscape
format. "If you are constipated, pass this on ..."
je1986up_husbx_legs!_16877_au.htm Publ. Circulated in
Australia. "It took ... two days to get her legs together."
je1993-08-06_husbx_16877_au.htm PhC "A Chain Letter
for Women Only" Collected by Michael Preston.
LUCK CHAIN LETTERS (611)
Luck chain letters appeal
primarily to superstition, promising good luck if the letter is
copied and distributed and bad luck if it is not. They are often
called "prayer" chains because many prior types contained a prayer
or Bible verse.
l = luck, e = English, q =
copy quota, d = deadline in hours or days, ap = ancient prayer type, gl = good luck type, Fl =
pr = Prosperity type, Fl-pr = Flanders-prosperity type, bym =
luck by mail type, d20 = death20 type, ld = lottery-death type,
dl = death-lottery type
PhC. File name: l = luck, d = Dutch language, 1989 = date, u
= uncertain date, dl = letter type.
le1906-01-06_ap!_lawrence_q9.htm Lt. Earliest known Ancient
Prayer type. Blamed on Bishop Lawrence. q = copy quota = 9
Publ. "He who recites this prayer ..." "At Jerusalem,
during holy mass ..."
Publ. "Purify us from all sins by your precious blood
..." "At Jerusalem, ..."
Publ. Doubled Ancient Prayer & 4 prayers. Catholic
circulation. "Bishop of Rome"
Publ. Partial text. Early Catholic form. Promises immunity
from drowning, arrest. Italian?
Publ. Lawrence. Recite. "dreadful accident"
"At Jerusalem it was heard said:"
Publ. Two prayers. From Pope. Warns son assassinated.
Lt. Recommended by the "Bishop of Lorain". Voice heard in
Publ. "Bishop Lenonce" Twin prayers. "... a
voice was heard ..." Signed Winston oJurnal.
le1906p_ap_lawrnc.htm Publ. Bishop Lawrence denies
involvement. Chain letter text is probably partial. Full prayer.
Publ. "... terrible accident, so the friend wrote
who sent this to me."
le1906-07-04_ap_lawrence_q9w9.htm PC. Recite it and be
"delivered from all calamity." Earliest for many memes. Mary E.
Publ. Partial text only. "I want you to
be a link in an endless prayer chain ..."
Publ. "He who will not say this prayer, will be
afflicted with some misfortune."
Publ. Preface: "I send this prayer to you as it
was sent to me ..." "Bishop Tervice's"
Publ. Title: "Endless Prayer Chain" "Bishop Lawrence"
"...during the Holy Feast"
Publ. Standard text. "... one person who paid no attention
to it ..."
Publ. "...sent out by Bishop Lawrence of Mass.
..." "Try it and see. It will do no harm."
Publ. No title. Bishop Lawrence. "He who rewrites the
prayer ..." Approving context!
Publ. "... we implore thee, the one eternal
Publ. "...met with a terrible accident..."
"precious blood" "holy feast"
Publ. "Bishop Lawrence of Massachusetts" "I
am quite sure this will interest you." heard
Publ. "Oh Lord jesus we implore thee Oh Eternal
le1906-12-24_ap_lawrence_notes_e.htm Lt. "This prayer was sent by Bishop Lawrence ..."
Fulfillment of prayer note. England.
Publ. "Keep my from all sins by Thy precious word ..."
"met with a terrible accident."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "And persons who paid
no attention ..." LEFT ON DOORSTEPS.
Publ. Bishop Leonard (actual person, denied signing).
"... receive luck in business and ..."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. Linkage. "At
Jerusalem at the Holy Feast ..."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "Endless prayer chain"
"... great accident." "... will be afflicted."
Publ. "Below is a prayer chain just as it was sent to
me..." ... "Now, please send it
Publ. Most of text just described. Negative testimonial - an
accident. "Bishop Lawrence" gone.
Publ. "This prayer was sent by Bishop Warren"
"a terrible "
le1907u_ap_wish_q9.htm PC. Greatly corrupted and
simplified text. "... and make a wish while writing" No
PC. Bears earlier features. No blood or calamity. The year
is uncertain - requires detective work.
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "Dear Friend - I am sending you a
prayer, received by a request to ..."
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "Let not this chain be broken. -
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. Title: "The endless chain
of prayer" "Trusting that the blessings of God ..."
le1908-03-19_ap_lawrence_malta.htm PC. From
Malta. "Endless Chain Prayer" "I will write as soon as
possible love Frank."
le1908-04-22_ap_lawrence_e.htm PC. From England. "Keep
us from all evil and take us to thy Home above eternally."
Publ. "Bishop Laurence" "... copy as
soon as received." "Trusting that the blessing of God ..."
Publ. Title: "The Prayer." Bishop Lawrence. "Trusting
that the blessing of God may rest upon you ..."
le1908up_ap_lawrnc.htm Publ. Fogel sees this is as
derived from a Himmelsbrief. Here "commencing" was likely "starting"
Publ. Bishop Lawrence. "terrible misfortune"
"Trusting that the blessing of God may rest ..."
"Endless chain prayer" "...please copy as
received..." No threat.
Publ. No author given. No title. "...but you must make a
wish when writing."
PC. Leads with: "Please copy and . . . see what will happen"
(early). "... in Jesus' time" (early).
Publ. Title: An Ancient Prayer. "Oh, Love us
Jesus ..." Signed "X".
Publ. No Lawrence. "...make a wish while writing it..."
"Do not sign your name."
le1909-04-26_ap_blood_hap!.htm Lt. "Make a wish
while writing ..." Signed "Your friend in Christ"
le1909-05-04_ap_blood_hap.htm PC. "Keep us from evil by his
precious blood." Signed "A. friend"
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "The above is an
exact copy ..." "Make a wish while writing."
Publ. "Dear friend:" Much Linkage. "...thy
precious blood." Rewrites.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer." "The above is an
exact copy of a strange mission ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Make a wish while
writing." Signed "A FRIEND" New York Times.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "...some great pay on
the ninth day." "Male a wish when writing ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "...by thy
precious hand..." "This prayer was sent to me."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "... take us to heaven ..."
"The ninth day ... get your wish."
PC. From England. "... it is an exact copy of an ancient
prayer." "This must not be signed. A.C."
PC. From England. "... sent to me to copy it & see
what will happen.."
Publ. "Read carefully and well the underwritten.
Make your wish while writing it."
Publ. Canadian Ancient Prayer type. For women. "An Answer
le1910-10-12_ap_stating.htm PC. "Those who write it
... stating the day received ..." Previously "stating"
was "starting". "Jesus time".
PC > transcription. Has "stating"
and "Jesus' time" - likely copying errors for "starting" and
Publ. Linkage. "Make a wish while writing."
"It cannot be signed."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" Many miscopies.
"... will be delivered from all ailments."
le1911-03-06_ap_hap.htm PC. Uses "starting the
day received" - the sense on le1908u.
But le1910-10 uses
Publ. "Make a wish while writing the prayer ..."
"It must not be signed."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "...make a wish and do not
fail to write to nine friends ..."
Publ. From the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.
Promises delivery "from all ailments."
Publ. Not clear if titled "An Ancient Prayer".
For women: " ... she who will copy this ..."
le1911-08-19_ap_hap.htm PC. "Received Aug. 11,
1911" at top. "O lord Jesus we implore thee ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Sign no name,
Publ. "One Ancient Prayer" "...only date Rec'd"
"...see what happens." Picture postcard.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Copy it and see what
Publ. Ancient Prayer. "This prayer was sent
to me and all over he world." "Jesus' time"
Publ. Title: "Our ancient prayer." "Your
joy will come on the ninth day."
PC in letter. Why did someone send R
the same postcard she had received 3 years previously?
PC. "...we implore thee To keep all mankind to keep us from evil
to keep us dwell with Him in eternity."
"Sign no name only date of receiving. May 26, 1912"
But PC is postmarked 4/3/1912.
PC. Initial date received. Expectation. "Do not sign".
PC. "No name sign date only don't forget to copy nine
times." Provided by Robert Bezilla.
le1912-04-19_ap_xsign_hap_q9d9w9.htm PC - flowers.
"Sign nothing but day received." At top: "Received April
Publ. "This prayer is being sent all over the
world." "Jesus' time" "...state the day
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Sign no name and
see what it will bring to you."
PC. "This prayer was sent to me and must be sent all over
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Send to nine (9)
friends within nine (9) days, ..."
le1912-05-02_ap_hap.htm PC Short & near
canonical. "O Lord I implore thee to bless all mankind take us to
dwell with thee."
Lt. "Sign no name and see what it will bring you."
Probably had a postcard ancestor.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" Postcards.
"Sign no name, just date when received." Good .
Publ. "This prayer was sent to one and all, over
the world." "... sign no name."
Publ. "Our Ancient Prayer" "... meet through
PC "Recieved this June 15th - " " ... all who
translated it ..." Ontario, Canada.
le1912-06-30_ap_happiness.htm PC "Copy it and
see what happiness comes to you."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Start today."
"Copy all I have written."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This was sent to me to be
sent all over the world."
ap_OurPrayer_walk.htm PC Title: "Our Prayer"
"...bring us to walk with Thee." "Sign no name only
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was
sent to me and is to go around the world."
PC Postmark mostly illegible. "who it passed
by would meet with ...". Michigan
le1913-01-19_ap_hap_wish.htm PC "This prayer was
sent to me Jan. 21, 1913 and is to be sent all over the world."
Publ. "...pass it on and see what happens."
"... make a wish each day when writing ..."
le1913-04-04_ap_hap_e.htm PC From England. "Lord
Jesus I implore thee to have mercy on all men."
"Received by me Jan. 20. Sent by me Jan. 23."
PC "It was at the time of Jesus that all who wrote it
would be delivered."
PC "Your joy will come in nine days."
PC "Copy it and send it to nine friends within nine
days and on the tenth day you will meet some great joy."
Publ. "This prayer was sent to me and is to be
copied and sent
all over the World ..."
le1914-03-14_ap_hap.htm PC "O Jesus our prayer
implores thee to bless all mankind."
le1914-03-26_ap_spelling_hap_ca.htm PC Canada. Lead:
"An Ancient Prayer March 26" Last: "Don't alter
spelling March 17"
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "It was said in Jesus'
trial ..." "Write nine only."
PC "An Ancient Prayer" "Date only."
le1914-04-27_ap_APrayer_hap.htm PC "A Prayer,
-Oh Lord we pray thee Bless us and keep us from all evil ..."
Publ. "I pray Thee to bless and deliver me
..." " ... send it on the day you receive it."
le1914-05-10_ap_hap.htm PC - Flooded Mohawk 1913.
"This prayer is to be sent all over the world."
PC. "Send no name, do not alter any word in Spelling."
le1914-06-09_ap_jerusalem.htm PC > transcribed from
auction photo. "It was said in Jerusalem ..." - throw back.
PC Postmarked in Montezuma, Iowa. "Ever Ancient
Prayer" Hard to read pencil.
Published image of text. "... send to nine friends in
nine days, and the tenth day you will ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was sent to
me and is sent all over the world."
le1914-12-15_ap_hap_e.htm PC from England. "Send no
name only date when received don't alter words or spelling."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" " ... cleansed from all
evil." "Received by me Jan.
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "This prayer was
passed on to me on its way round the world."
Publ. 18 word prayer. "...being sent all
around." "Send no name: do not break the chain."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" " ... and is to be sent
to all the world."
Publ. "This prayer was sent to me and is being sent all
around." "Copy it and keep it ..."
Postmarked in Reading, PA. Title: "An American Prayer"
PC > transcription. "Do not break the chain. Do not alter
Lt. "... was sent to me by some friend and it is to be sent
by the chain letter system to all the world"
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "It is said in Jerusalem
..." "This is not to be signed."
Publ. "I have just received the following ..."
"Keep us to dwell with Thee."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer"
List of 20 names! - almost all men.
Publ. Literate rewrites. " ... all of those who
assist in its dissemination will be free from calamity ..."
le1916-01-09p_ap_nyt.htm Publ. Catholic
Archbishop denounces AP as "rank superstition" & a sin
"against the first commandment ..."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "Dear Friend"
intro letter: linkage
& repeats instructions.
Publ. Postcard. Title: "Ancient Prayer" "This prayer
was sent to be sent around the world."
PC "An Ancient Prayer" "Sign no name only
Publ. Has explanatory first paragraph: "Dear
Friend: --I have received the following letter ..."
PC Extensive linkage before "Ancient Prayer"
title. "... realize its promise."
le1916-07-15_ap_hap_q7_e.htm PC > PhC. From England. "... bless our
Soldiers and Sailors ..." "... peace in our time."
Publ. "An Ancient Prayer" "
... bring victory to the allies." "... sent from Russia ..."
Lt. "America Chain Prayer" "Lord I implore you, Bless
our soldiers and sailors, ..." Quota 7.
le1917-09_ap_good-cheer_1.htm PC Leads with "Be
of good cheer at all times." "Sign and date when you
le1917-09_ap_good-cheer_2.htm PC Same text as
above, different view card. Prepared by same person, to send out.
Publ. No title on transcription. "It was said in
olden times ..." Copy quota and wait seven days.
le1917-10-05Hero_ap_victory.htm PC - to Miss H. "...we
implore thee to give victory to the allies." "... from
Russia and Scotland."
PC "Red Cross Chain." "... we
implore Thee to bless all mankind and bring Victory to our
le1917-10-12Hero_ap_victory.htm PC "Lord Jesus we
implore thee to give victory to the Allies." "... from
Russia via Scotland ..."
Publ. "...be merciful to all mankind, and bring
victory to all our allies." "...Russia..."
le1917-11_ap_victory.htm Publ. "Red Cross
Chain." "Do not forget this day for the next nine days."
Publ. "Red Cross Chain" (Only in title). "... it was sent
from Russia via Scotland"
Publ. Russia - Scotland - San Francisco - Seattle
le1917-12-03_ap_victory_e.htm PC > transcribed.
From England. "Love. Grace, we implore the victory of the
Publ. "Lord Jesus, we implore thee to bring victory to
Publ. Titled "Endless Chain of Prayer" "...
blessing on all nations, soldiers and sailors." Quota seven.
Publ. Outlier - "woman in black" informs all to
say "Blessed be Mary, Blessed be Jesus"
Typed. "The cradel chain of Flanders." Asks
for full signature. Quota seven.
Publ. "This prayer was said by Masons in ancient
Lt. "The endless chain of God" "Send this to
7 married women ..." "Copy and sign your name."
Publ. Fragment. "... if you
will write a letter to seven married couples ..."
Publ. No prayer. Linkage. " Send to seven
married women ..." "... started in Flanders Field."
Publ. Found with newspapers.com
"Send it to seven married ladies ..." Quota seven.
Publ. From a Missouri newspaper. "Send it to seven married
people..." "Flanders Field"
Publ. Prototype for Good Luck letter. "This
chain was started by an American"
Publ. Earliest Good Luck type. No
list - postcard "A deluge of postcards has fallen on
"...started by an American officer 'Buddie' ..." Original on
a postcard. From Jamaica.
Publ. Names present but none given - "mostly women."
As above but started by "Buddie".
Publ. List of 20 names - not given. No "smilin".
"...have some great good fortune."
Publ. Early "smiling". Standard text. May have had
list of prior senders.
le1922-06-08gs_gl_n30.htm Lt. - blue typing. Leads
with 30 name pairs. This from: Birmingham, Ala. June 8, 1922. See
Lt. - blue typing. From recipient of above. This from:
Felix, Ala. June 13. Separate: 9 addresses to send it to.
Publ. "Good Luck" "...you will have some
great good fortune." "Let's all go smiling though 1922."
Publ. Standard 1922 Good Luck chain letter.
Publ. Standard 1922 Good Luck chain letter.
le1922-07-06p_gl_lardner_q9d24w9.htm Publ. In
August, Ring Lardner has already received 12 Good Luck CLs since
le1922-07-10p1_gl_q9d24n35.htm Publ. Typical 1922 Good Luck letter. Had list of 35
names (none given).
Publ. Standard - redundancy. Transient postscript.
Publ. Ancient Prayer variation. To 7 married
women. Likely partial. Date questionable.
PC. Early Good Luck - no list. Incorporated postscript: "The
above letter was received by me ..."
Publ. Fragments from the Spectator. Quota 9
letter w. 50 names. Already circulating "a few" years.
Publ. Typical except postscript (which will be placed
first later). Signed "A Friend"
le1922-08-16_gl_q9d24n0w9.htm Lt. Good Luck type
on 2 pages. Started by an "American Officer." "Let's
all go 'Smilin' thru 1922."
Publ. "started by an American officer in France"
"...bad luck will follow."
Publ. Standard Good Luck but exactly as
PC In English but mailed from the Netherlands,
10/2/22. No bad luck.
Publ. Lucas gives "instructions" (Good Luck CL) below
long list (A to B) of names.
PC Title: Good
Luck. "... wait 9 days & you will have
Great Good Luck."
Publ. Letter received by actress Viola Dana "some months
ago" (from April, 1923). Typical.
Lt. > PhC. Post WWI ap - Australia. "God bless our
Sailors & Soldiers ..." Flanders.
Publ. Nonstandard & late Ancient Prayer. "Lord
teach us to praise thy blessings ..."
le1923-12-27p2_gl_ColonelCole_q9n52.htm Publ. Colonel
Cole, US Army, "started" the chain - to go 3 times around the
le1924-01-19p2_+gl_n9_smart_china.htm Publ. "Some smart fellow has
started this plan ..." From Shanghai.
Publ. AN ANCIENT PRAYER. "O Lord, be merciful to
me." "Received January 29, 1924."
Pub. Ancient Prayer type - q10. Prayer at
end. "Don't sign your name."
PC - Ellis Island. Post WW1 changes to ap: prayer,
quota, wait. "Oh Lord be merciful unto us ..."
Publ. "Oh Lord be merciful to us." Short,
nonstandard Ancient Prayer CL. Quota ten.
le1924-03-11_ap_q10w11.htm Lt. Post WWI ancient
prayer. "... let blessings be among nations." Similar to
Publ. Ancient Prayer, quota ten. Post Office swamped
in Davenport, Iowa.
Pub. Standard Good Luck type - late. Article has senders
le1924-04-18_ap_calgc_q10w10.htm Lt. Written in fancy
style. Quota 10, wait 10. Prayer also changed after WWI. Links to
le1924-05-10p1_gl_GeneralGale_q9n44_.htm Publ. Partial? List of 44 names.
"General Gale" Standard gl body. A few other officers.
PC > Scan "The endless chain of Prayer" From
le1925-08-14p1_+gl_smart_q9n60.htm Publ. "Some smart fellow
plan ..." 60 names on list, 13 given. X to Y.
Publ. Ancient Prayer combined with Good Luck.
Rewrites. Original was a carbon copy.
Publ. Good luck encased in Linkage and Affirmation
& closing. List implied. Signed.
Publ. Good Luck type w. linkage, affirmation and closing
statements. LIST WITH 214 NAMES!
Mimeograph (?). List of 57 names pairs. Circulated. in Japan
& India. "Some smart fellow ..."
Publ. Good luck type with typical affirmation and
1926 closing based on 1922 film title.
le1926-01-30p2_+gl+_q9w9_China.htm Publ. Good Luck
type letter w. linkage & affirmation statements. "Let us
go smiling through."
Publ. Good Luck with extended Linkage and intro. "Count nine dogs
and you will have ..."
le1926-02-25p2_+gl+_q9w9.htm Publ. Good Luck
type with linkage and affirmation statements. "Keep it Going"
le1926-02_+gl+_q9n113_1.htm Mimeograph (?). List of
113 name pairs! International - incl. Japanese admirals. From
As above. From Marie Gras-y-Fort, Barcelona. Who knew whom,
1922 - 1926 - incl. Hollywood moguls.
Publ. "Dear Friend" "...started by a British army
officer ..." Linkage, no Affirmation.
Publ. Nested Good Luck. Expanded linkage.
Affirmation. Incipient lists. Closing.
"Cross Crossings Cautiously" Safety letter put at top of
Good Luck letter w. list.
Publ. "The Flanders Chain
of Good Luck." "Do not lose it ..." "Safety chain."
Publ. "The Flanders
Charm" "It is positively remarkable how the prediction has
Publ. Lead: "DO NOT KEEP THIS" "The Flanders
Chain of Good Luck"
Publ. "The Flanders Chain of Luck" It is positively
remarkable how this prediction has been ..."
le1927-05-04p2_Fl_benediction_q4.htm Publ. Flanders
type chain with linkage, affirmation and remail statements.
Publ. Flanders chain of luck. "Don't lose it or
you will have bad luck." "Is is positively remarkable ..."
Flanders Chain of Good Luck. "...sent by an American officer in
le1927-06-16p1_Fl'_friend_q4_ca.htm Publ. From "A
Friend" "The chain was started by a British officer in
Flanders." Canada (?).
Publ. Good Luck type. No deadline statement. Late
circulation date for type. Note Flanders origin.
Publ. Fragments from England. "chains of luck" ...
worried nervous women. "Started on a Flanders battlefield."
Lt. The Flanders Chain of Good
Luck. Signed and dated. Copy and send to 4 others.
le1928-05-07p2_Fl_q4d24w4.htm Publ. The Flanders Chain of Good Luck. "This letter of
good luck was sent to me ..."
le1928-07-04p2_Fl_-field_q3d24w4.htm Publ. "Flanders field chain of good luck." "Do not stop
it or you will have bad luck."
Publ. Said to be "Hindu". "It is positively remarkable
how this prediction has been fulfilled ..."
Publ. "The chain was
started in Flanders Field." Linkage, Affirmation,
Anticipation, Recycle, closing.
Publ. "This was sent to me as I am sending it
to you." "Flanders, Germany"
noLuck_q5d24w4.htm Publ. "...will have no luck."
"The fourth day should bring good luck."
"The good luck chain of Flanders was sent to me ...." "It
is wonderful how ..."
Publ. "The Flanders Chain of Good Luck" "Do not
le1929-06-28_Fl_q5d24w4.htm Lt.>PhC. "Good Luck
Chain of Flanders". "Send this one and 4 others." No testimonials.
Publ. "The Flanders Field of Luck"
"Send this with three others."
Publ. "The Flanders' Chain of Luck" No list
mentioned. "It is positively remarkable ..."
Flanders Chain of Luck." "...started in Holland ..."
"Do not keep this. From me to you."
"Flanders Chain of Good Luck" "Send this and five more."
Crossing Cautiously" above a Good Luck Letter. Celebrity
names. See 1926.
Publ. Four testimonials. Quota nine. "It
is translated in all languages."
le1930-02-25p1_Fr-E_masonic-ap_tWWL_q9d24w8.htm Publ. Ancient
prayer for Masons. Had list of names. Odd names on
Publ. "The Good Luck Chain of Flanders"
"Pass it along."
Standard text. Hard to read. "The Good Luck of
Publ. "The goodluck chain was sent to me by someone."
"It's wonderful how the chain ..."
Pub. "Send this and four others." "... will bring you four
Publ. "Flanders Chair of Good Luck" Reduced version -
quota 3 + 1. Verified kill? England.
le1930u_pr9_q9d29n1w9.htm Lt. Many pencil notations. No title. Quota 9.
Win-win-lose testimonials. Undated.
Publ. The Flanders chain of good luck. Deadline 2
hours! "... around the world sixty times."
Publ. "The Fortune Card" List: X to Y, 43 names.
"Mr. Barres of Victoria ..."
Lt. "The Fortune Chain". Likely translation of a French chain. Many testimonials, some
Publ. Quota nine - like Prosperity. Different names
in testimonials. Drake estate.
le1932-07-17p1_pr9_list_q9d24w9.htm Publ. No title,
"prosper", copy quota 9, modified affirmation, testimonials, list
le1932-12-10p1_pr!_ProsperityCircle_q5d24w9.htm Publ. "Have trust in God, who supplies all our
First quota 5 ( pr standard)
Lt. Possibly a parody of the Flanders chain.
"This Messenger of good luck ..."
PC "We truly trust in God to supply all our needs."
"Mrs. Barnes ... lost her possessions."
(q5). "We trust in God who ..." Testimonials. Leading list of 4
Publ. "We trust in God; the Father, who supplies
all our meals." Early Prosperity type.
Publ. Title: Fortune Chain. Many testimonials,
Pola Negri. Quota nine.
- partial. Prosperity type. Circulated in Manitowoc, Canada.
"The story definite and positive ..."
List omitted. "The Prosperity Chain" "... the power of those
repeated words ..."
Publ. The Hyatt letter. "We trust in God. He supplies our
needs." "Mrs. Sanford won $3,000."
le1934-04-12p1_pr_force_HWorth.htm Publ. Advice from Helen
Worth. List not given, other edits?. "This chain has a definite
Publ. The Fortune Chain. "If you take this as a joke, bad
luck will befall you." Testimonials.
Publ. - partial. Prosperity type. Canada
(pounds). Earliest title: "Prosperity Club"
Publ. Advice from Helen Worth. List not given. "Six others
have kept it."
Publ. Earliest "Blind13" chain postcard. Blindness
for making fun of letter. Partial.
Publ. Early Blind13 type. "Chain of St. Anthony"
"Pay good attention to this ..."
PC. Govt. issue PC. "We trust god for to supply our needs."
Reduced Prosperity type.
Publ. Probably a postcard. "Shine over all the
nation!" "God bless the sender." q10
Publ. Ancient Prayer. On postcard. Copy quota 11.
"Don't let this letter die in your home."
Publ. Ancient Prayer. On postcard.
Copy quota ten. "Don't let this prayer die in your home."
le1939-03-01_Fl-pr_no-m!_q5n11.htm Lt. Good Luck type. Eleven names &
cities at bottom. Earliest no money. Has "defel pasm".
Published in Dale Carnegie column. List omitted. Earliest "Do not
Lt. Trailing processed list
w. 8 names & towns - 2 crossed out. "Do not send money" Notes
Publ. Edited. May have had recycle, etc. "The good
luck of Flanders was sent to me."
Publ. "Gay Field received $5,000 after mailing." "Do not send money." Internal Prosperity
Lt. "Mrs. Fields received
$5,000.00 ..." "Do not send
any money." Names & towns: 18.
Typed letter. Centered title: "Good Luck to
You" 23 names and towns.
Publ. "Good Luck to You" "Mr. Mayfield received
$4000 four hours after mailing."
Pub. fragment. "... woman laughed when she got the letter
and her daughter went blind."
Publ. "Good Luck of Flanders" Three testimonials.
Controlled list, 18 names & towns.
Publ. Latest Prosperity type (if excluding Luck of
London). Controlled list.
Publ. "One woman made fun of this and her daughter
Publ. "One woman made fun of this and her daughter
PC "This Prayer: Prayer of Safety must go all over the
world by card." "So Pray attention to this card."
Publ. Title: "This Prayer of Safety" "So pay
attention to this card and 'God will bless you'"
Pub. "This prayer to satisfy ..." "So you pay
attention, and you will be blessed."
Publ. "O Lord, Be merciful to us and all Nations.
Make peace among all nations."
Publ. "Oh, Lord be merciful unto us. Grace be unto all
Publ. "Oh Lord be merciful unto us and all Nations."
"You will receive $49.60"
Publ. "Lord be merciful to us" " ...a great
misfortune came to her family."
Publ. "This letter is only for good luck." "Grace
Fields won $400 after posting it."
le1942-03-16p1_London_q5d24w4.htm Publ. Luck of
London. "Grace Fields received $40.00 after posting it."
Publ. Title: "Good Luck of London" "Grace Field
le1942-12-19_blind13_q13.htm PC "A prayer for
our nation" "A woman made fun of this in 13 days her
daughter went blind."
the world 24 times". "... sent by an American soldier named Amos."
Publ. "Good Luck from London" "Dr. Emmons lost
Publ. PC. "...they said a relative went blind."
"Oh God be merciful to us and all nations."
Publ. "The Luck of London." "Send no money."
Concludes: "Good luck"
Lt. > PhC. "The luck of London." Grace Field won $45,000
after sending it."
Lt. - V-Mail. APO letter from Sgt. Albert J. Bull. "It
must be mailed 24 hours after ..."
Publ. PC. "Oh, Lord, be merciful to us all, And
let this terrible war end soon."
Publ. PC. "... mercy on our boy in service &
bless our mother." "Do not let the prayer
Publ. PC. "... have mercy on this nation." End:
"Thirteen penny postcards."
Lt. "Good luck from London." "Francis Field won $4,000
... T/4 Carr lost $2,000 ..."
Publ. Flanders-prosperity type - Luck of London.
Aviation headers. "Its not a joke"
Publ. Early Luck By Mail. "The luck of the cards has
been sent to you."
Publ. "The luck of cards has been around the world four
times by army officers." X mail..
Publ. "The luck of St. Thomas has been sent to
you." Quota five.
le1949-06-02p1_cogl_viaUD_q12.htm Publ. "via United
Dispatch" "...started in Africa by a French officer of
General de Gaulle..."
Philippine testimonials - "... of Baguio who laugh at ...
met instantaneous death ..."
Publ. Sent "via United S. Press dispatch". ",,, met
instantaneous death on
June 11, 1948."
Publ. Starts with circumnavigation. DELETED: Linkage
and origin statements. Transcription error?
Publ. Earliest bym type (12/9/2013). "United Western Airlines Treasure"
Lt. - card. Early bym type. "You will receive it in the
mail in 4 days."
type. No copy quota. "It was started in Africa by a French officer
..." 20 names, most Japanese.
Publ. Lead: "United Air Lines Treasure" "The
luck of cards has been sent to you."
Publ. "via United Press Dispatch" "... laughed at this
chain ..., met instantaneous death."
Publ. "United Western Lines" "by mail" is not
present - missing, or too early?
Publ. "The United Nations Airlines Treasure" "The luck of
the cards ..."
Publ. "The luck of the cards ..." Processed list (not given).
Publ. "The Luck of friends has been sent to you."
"Mrs. Allen won $300 and lost it ..."
Publ. "...sent to me by Ronald Service." Special Note:
"What will happen after mailing?"
Publ. by Herbert Halpert. Early "Luck
by Mail". Postal date given. Early Proverbs 3: 5-6.
Publ. Partial text. "...started in Africa by a
French officer ..." Controlled list (not given).
Lt. > PhC. "Read Saint Matthew
18, Verse 20 ..." From the Billy Graham Archives.
Publ. Pray for World Peace by reciting Lord's
Prayer and 23rd Psalm 9 days. Outlier.
Publ. "Gene Alden received $78,000 three
days after ..."
Lt. "Read Matthew, Chapter 7. verses 1 to 20." "Limited to
Masons." "General Dean ..."
> PhC. Quotes Proverbs 3:5-6. "Its a known fact ... one man
received $7800 ..."
le1954u_bym_n8_mt17-20.htm Lt. > mimeograph
"Read Matthew 17:20..." "General Austen got $6600.00 only to
lose it ..."
le1955-03-04_bym_n16_Mt17-20_q5.htm Lt. "Read Matthew
17:20..." "Gene Austin received $6,000 only to lose it after
Publ. Title: "The Lucky Prayer" "You will
receive it by mail" - a postscript?
Publ. Title; "Good Luck" "The luck of it has
been sent to you."
Publ. Proverb 3:5-6, "...brought around the world." No
"by mail". Favorable comment.
le1955u_bym_n17_prvrbs.htm Lt. "Good Luck Prayer"
"Gen Atten received $12,000 ..." "Gen. Patton received
$18,000, but ..."
Publ. Newspaper is dated July 16, 1956. Holland. "big
money" replaces "by mail".
le1958-05-03p1_bym-_c-list_htm Publ. Partial text.
Title: Good Luck
Prayer. "Trust in the Lord ..." Controlled list
Publ. "Good Luck Faith" "U.S. Officer General
Atkins received $17.000 in days after receiving it."
Publ. NY Times, 4/11/59. Fragment. "Good Luck Prayer"
Sent to Boris Pasternak.
le1959-04-02p1_bym_q5d24w4.htm Publ. Starts:
"Trust in the Lord with all thine heart." Processed list (not
Publ. Good Luck Prayer. Some text omitted. Not
known if list present.
PhC "THINK A PRAYER" "The luck has been
sent to you." "Send 20 copies ..." Early Death20.
le1960-03-026p_bym_n28_.htm Publ. America,
Fragments. "General Bratton received $8,000 but lost it after
breaking the chain."
Publ. Title: "This is a prayer" "In the
Philippines General Learn and the late president,
Publ. "Good Luck Prayer" Generals Atkens and Patton.
Quota 4+1. Processed list (not given).
le1963-08-05p2_bym-_xtestmnls_q5n33.htm Publ. By Mail type, but missing that. No
testimonials. Title: Good Luck Prayer.
Publ. "It has been around the world four times by
United States Officers." Cf. Colonel Cole 1923.
Publ. "This is a Prayer" "In
the Philippines, General Yoram, former president of Newcave..."
Publ. Like d20 but all negativity removed (threats,
le1967_bym_heston_q5n10.htm PhC "The copy of
this letter came from the Netherlands." "Charlton Heston
received $60,000 ..."
Publ. Saturday Review, 9/30/69. "While in the
Philippines a general lost his life six days after receiving his
le1967u_bym_n24.htm PhC "The luck of it has been around the world four
times (sent by U.S. Officers)."
Publ. Think a Prayer. "Send 20 copies of this
letter to friends you think need good luck."
Publ. Think a Prayer. "While in the Philippines,
General Hapak lost his life ..." Partial.
le1968-07-02p_d20_q20w4.htm Publ. Perceptive
commentary by Marilyn Bender. "General Wapah lost his life
in the Philippines ..."
Publ. Very likely partial (no testimonials or
list). Trust title.
Publ. Early example: chain letter attached to office
humor combination. Most described.
le1969_d20_n25_thpr_euro.htm PhC. Collected by Prof.
Wm. Hansen in Copenhagen. "THINK A PRAYER" 25 names, many
Publ. From Canada. Sick girl "performs
miracles." "6CFC" instead of a stamp. Quota seven.
le1970-07-25p_d20n60_.htm Publ. Fragments of a
Death20 type letter with 60 names. Col. Napak variations.
Publ. "This prayer has been sent to you for good
luck." List (24) not given.
le1972-02_pgplus_q5_euro.htm PhC Office humor
item ("... go play golf") with Good Luck CL added plus
instructions & names.
Publ. Death20 with quota four. "One man in Hawaii broke
the chain ..." Trust title.
ABBREVIATIONS for Death-Lottery
(dl) type letters: n21 = a list of 21 names, b = Belief
Title, t = Trust Title, k = Kiss
l = Love Title, w = It Works postscript,
w0 = truncated It Works postscript, j = Saint
Jude mention, c = Car testimonial
Publ. Death20 type but quota 5. "...original
came from the Holyland."
le1973-03-13p1_bym_names&nos_q5n21.htm Publ. "Send four copies plus this one."
Name & number processed list.
le1973-05-07_d20_thpr_q20n21.htm PhC - received by
DWV. "(THING A PRAYER)" List of 21 names despite processing
le1973-11p_dl!_prvrbs_q20n21.htm Publ. Earliest DL type. Colombo. "Not believing
it, he threw it away. Nine days later he died ..."
le1973up_d20_thpr_q20.htm Publ: Urban Folklore
from the Paperwork Empire, Dundes & Pagter. "THINK
PRAYER" Name variants.
le1974-06-04_ld!_fere_YokoOno_q20.htm PhC of hand
printing. Earliest example of LD
type. Quotas 24 & 20. "Yoko Ono" appears on list.
le1974-06-29_ld_sece_q20n18.htm PhC. "Dear Friend"
"...written by St. Antoine de Cadi." Internal title:
THINK A PRAYER
Fragmentary quotes. Letter asks for good or bad luck
from the American Folklife Center. "...written by St. Aptine
de Cade." "A B.S. Officer received $70,000."
Fragments including testimonials. Mailed from Spain,
received in England.
PhC Lottery block testimonials expanded &
incorporate Death20 block testimonials - in response to request.
le1975-02-06_ld+_StAntonia_n23.htm PhC Close: le1974-10_n20. "Let our
heads not make fools of us into thinking in terms of duality."
"You may add information about what happened
to you if you ever received this chain before."
le1975-04_ld_n16_1.htm PhC Like
Parent of le1975-04_ld_n16_2.
le1975-04_ld_n16_2.htm Mimeograph? Like.
Retyped from above & mimeographed by
Charles Meadows. Format changes.
Non-traditional composition by Timothy Jennings. Mentions 8
X 10 exp 35 copies.
PhC & Publ. Published by Preston - this based on
original photocopy. Preston's #1.
Publ. Fate, 8/1975. "Senator Walsh lost his
wife six days after he received this letter ..."
Publ. & PhC. This from degenerate PhC. Internal
list of 23 names. Zarin Barrachilli dies. Preston's A1.
le1975_dl_n26(17cpls)_wife!_a2.htm Publ & PhC. 26
names - 17 couples. Zarin Borracbilt dies. "You will get your
surprise." Preston's A2.
Publ & PhC. "...you must make 20 copies*"
Footnote: "* may xerox" Preston's B1.
Publ & PhC. Like Senders list includes: "Lord Ashcombe Lord
Wilson Lady Jane Rayne" Preston B2.
Publ & PhC. Like - reformatted. First 14 names same as B2. Source
has variable width characters. Preston B3.
le1975_ld_n30_b4.htm Publ & PhC. Like.
All different names on list. Zerem
Berreball died. "Ned Freidspm, an artist, ..."
le1976-07-26p_dl_fege_xlist_q20.htm Publ: Primo
Times, Bloomington. "Write F.E.G.E on upper corner of the
envelope next to stamp."
in Esquire, 8/1977. A shortened form of 1972-02. Published
version omits chain letter at end.
Publ. Short Death & Money testimonial. "Send 20
copies and after you do, ..." Controlled list.
le1977-06-08_dl_fgge_q20.htm PhC "Think a
Prayer" "Write F.G.G.E on the upper corner ... next to
stamp" Envelope so marked.
Publ. Proverbs moved to end of letter. Carela
Cradvit lost job - no better job.
le1978-04_dl_q20n0.htm Mimeographed handwriting. "The
luck has been brought to you." Caren Wichile died.
Original handwriting. Response to a solicitation.
Degraded lottery block. "General Wglak lost his life ..."
le1979-01_dl_xmoney(2)_q20.htm PhC "It must
leave your hands ..." : "For no reason whatsoever ..."
"DO NOT SEND MONEY!"
PhC Concludes: "Remember no money. Please
don't ignore this. It does work." and "Mahalo (Thank you)"
PhC No "It Works" postscripts. "Darinn Meirchild
received the chain."
PhC With good luck note. "Delon
Fairchild ... died." "Please do not ignor
this. It works." - Early postscript.
le1979-07-30p_dl_w't.htm PhC Has postscripts,
concludes: "It does work." Collected in Colorado by Cathy
Entertainment industry parody of the DL type. "Trust in
yourself with all your heart."
PhC Brill type. Some names: Roberta Flack, Van Morrison,
Herb Alpert, Lonnie Donegan, Eric Clapton.
PhC Another Brill letter with different and fewer
names. Collected by Wm. Hansen in Bloomington, IN.
le1980-12-23_dl_wt_dates.htm PhC "Trust in the
Lord with all good faith". Has list of dates. Added: Analysis of
date disordering by DWV.
PhC "Trust" title. Postscript: "Remember: No
Money!! Please don't ignore
this. It does work!!"
le1980u_brill_n68.htm PhC Late generation copy.
Few names I recognize - starts with "Tom Sholz, Shawn LaBarra,
PhC of typed lt. Online image. Bennett's L29. Early
Belief title (just last word). Unbeliever's death.
le1980_dl_wb!.htm Typed. "Early Belief title
(Mt. 21:22)" Has Unbeliever's Death.
Documents Bennett chain letters used here. This L4.
PhC Trust title. "...luck has been brought..."
"...Welch lost wife..." "Please do not change this."
Publ. DL with postscripts, Trust title. Could be
connected with Circle of Gold. Date very uncertain.
Publ. Belief title. No list? It Works postscripts. "General Aeles lost
his wife ..."
"It has been brought around the world nine times."
"... the rite has no price on it."
PhC. "Belief" title. No unbeliever's death. "Constartin Xus"
Signed "A Friend"
PhC "Belief" title. Placed on windshield.
"Twelve-Million dollars." "Soul Anthony DeVoid"
PhC Postscript: "Remember no money" (m). Trust title (t). "Written
by Saul Anthony De Cadif"
Transcribed on WWW - from PhC. Trust title. "before his
death" "It works" postscript.
le1982-09-20_dl_wt_dates.htm PhC List of 34
dates of receipt. Venezuelan author deleted. Retype and then 7
PhC Mt. 21:22 title ("Belief").
"Constantine Xus". "It works" postscript. No unbeliever's death.
Signed "A Friend"
PhC Late generation. No title - may have been
truncated. "w(k)" means no title but Kiss
title riders present.
PhC Late generation, spotty. No
title - Kiss riders. "It Works"
postscript. "Saul Anthony deCroof".
le1983-05_dl_w(k).htm PhC - dark on left. No title - Kiss riders. "Saul Anthony de Cruof".
le1983-06-13_dl_wl!_e.htm PhC Earliest collected
title "With love all things are possible" (l). Mailed
from Sweden to England.
PhC Title (t'): "Love the Lord with all your heart and
he will acknowledge and he will light the way."
PhC - late. Matthew 21:22 title. "It
works" postscript. "Constatin Yus".
le1983-10-04_dl_wk!.htm PhC Word processor
original. Earliest Kiss
title collected. "It Works" postscript deleted. Notes.
PhC Matt 21:22 title. "__FATHER
21'-22". "It Works" postscript.
PhC Early Love title. "Constantine Know received ..."
Likely fall, 1983. Supplied by American Folklife Center.
le1983_dl_wt.htm PhC - late
generation, 2 pages handwritten. Trust title, It Works
postscript. "Bolier Fairchild".
Supplied by AFC.
PhC Kiss title, It Works postscript. Constatino Diaz.
Collected by Prof. William F. Hansen.
PhC Love title, It Works. Constantine Diaz. "Gene
Helch" "Saul Anthony DeCroup". Collected by DWV.
le1984-05-05_mx_tagalog_q24.htm PhC "Saint Jude
Thaddeus" "Isabel Buena lost her copy and lost her
life." "Novena to our mother ..."
Love title, It Works. "Saul Anthony De Croup" "Constantine Kias"
Collected by Michael Preston.
PhC From Newark. Close to below. Differences: faith
vs. fate, Constatine vs. Contatain, get a surprise, vs. receive
PhC From Newark. Close to above, especially in format.
PhC of handprinted original. Two pages. Many errors -
by a child (?). "Saul Anthony Decrap".
PhC - late. "It Works" deleted (w'). "While in the Philippines" transferred to previous
le1984-12_dl-_wl.htm PhC of handprinted original. One
page. Lottery source of money and "lost job - better job"
PhC Close to ...2. "Joe Ellit" "DeGroup"
"aked" for "asked".
PhC. Close to ...1. "
"psper" for "paper".
Dot matrix printer > PhC. Title and postscript in
large font. Dated Dec. 31, 1984. Collected by Preston.
le1984u_dl-dl_wt-wk_comb.htm PhC Two DL letters
combined on one page. (i) "A Good Luck Prayer" &
Proverbs. (ii) Kiss title.
Pub. Denver Post - Woody Paige. No unbeliever's death
PhC From England - collected by Paul Smith.
Philippine location shifted forward.
PhC Original was typed,
reduced, then photocopied in pairs. Love title offset to right.
PhC Very standard text. "Calo Dodos, an office
empolyee" Reduced and cut to 6.5" by 7".
PhC of handwritten 2 pages (h2pp). Lottery winner unnamed.
"Send no money ... just good luck."
handwritting. "Saul Aminea De Coup" " ... received The
Letter nine days later he died."
PhC (?) Published: The Hidden
Culture. Collected in Perth, Australia. Standard text.
"Remember, no money."
Hand written from England. Dated by comparisons. Title may
have been cut off.
PhC Kiss title. "Please send no money." Six dates of
receipt at end: 3/18/86 to 4/14/86.
"Kiss someone you love when you receive this letter."
PhC Original carefully typed. "...before her
death she had won $50,000.00 in a lottery." From Alan E. Mays.
PhC Spotty. Title: "MISS SOMEONE YOU LOVE ..."
Landscape format. No final "It works" (deleted?)
Annotated "12-86". "The original copy is in New England."
"She won $50,000 in a lottery."
Charles H. Bennett's L6. Stuck under windshield wiper. "Carla
Daddin ... she lost her job." Sunnyvale, CA.
Title: "Kiss someone you love when you get this letter"
"..before her death he received $7,755,000."
PhC - all caps. End: "St. Jude / It
Works" - Earliest St. Jude! From American Folklife Center, Library
PhC Annotated "9-16-87 / Redwood City, CA / Parking Lot."
Only text caps: title, "This is no joke",
PhC No unbelievers death testimonial (l-). "Please do
not ignore this it works."
PhC - late, reduced. Penciled clarifications, these also
photocopied. Changes "20" (copies) to "10" in 4 places.
PhC Starts: "Are you stressed out? Read on!"
May have circulated as office humor. Memo: "\MH/LUCK"
PhC - faded. Postmarked in Sheffield, England.
Only caps: "This is no joke." Penultimate "Good Luck"
Collected by Alan E. Mays in Millersville, PA, spring of
1988. Standard text. "Good luck. It works."
PhC Earliest Car testimonial (c!). Ends: "Remember me
always. It works. ST. JUDE" in two lines.
Bold script font. "This is true even though you are not
superstitious." "...after finding the letter again..."
PhC Large font title. Unbeliever's Death testimonial
omitted. Retype note. Collected by Alan E. Mays.
PhC No title. Bennett L11. "...and lost that too ..."
(& his wife) "she, too, put it aside" (& Carlo
Charles H. Bennett's L9 from web page. "... providing you in
turn ..." "Constantine" has only that name.
"This is true even if you may not think so right now."
Truncated postscript: "It Works" Dated just to year.
PhC > Publ. Major rewrites & omissions. Asks
that messages be added. "May you be blessed with love ..."
Dated to year only. "South Africa"
PhC Placed on windshields in parking lot. Starts:
"Dear Friend," Lottery block testimonials indented.
Both mentions of 96 hours have "(4 days)". Gene Welch loses
his wife but gets no money.
le1989-07_dl_wlcj_rec-fate.htm PhC "Do not
accuse people of sending have
received this letter by fate!"
PhC Distr. in Oxnard College staff mail boxes, 12/8/89. "A
few days after the mailing he go a better job."
Published but have original Standard text. From
England (?) "Please don't ignore this. Good luck. / It works."
PhC "Saul Anthone Be Coup" "Send 20 letters"
within postscript. Script font. From Klemme, Iowa.
PhC All caps. "John Hilliot did receive ..." "Reminder
... Send no money." "It Works / St. Jude"
PhC Charles H. Bennett's L27. "This paper has been
sent out to you for good luck."
PhC Word processor font. "...must tour the world, to
friends ..." omission. "It is still true" duplication.
PhC Title: "SRI GANESHJI" Ends: "With Prayer and
Good Luck / SHIRDI SAI BABA KI JAI / OM"
PhC "Kiss someone you love and make magic". "She won
... in a letter." From De Kalb, Ill.
PhC The Media Chain Letter. Memos start with Pierre
Salinger and Art Buchwald. Not sequential.
PhC > The Media Chain Letter.
Celebrity participants: Pierre Salinger - Jane Fonda - Goldie
PhC "...fat has no pride." "Constantly Dias"
"reusable" instead of "readable". All one paragraph.
PhC Tilted cut at lower left. "--provided you, in return"
"...he won lottery" "Carlo-Dadditt, an office employee
le1990-10_d-l'_wjlcj_rewr.htm PhC - cut on right.
Major rewriting. No testimonials of death. Begins and ends: "St.
Typed or WP > PhC. Luck chain letter - the "Media chain
letter". With 21 attached memos.
Same ^ "Just have a wonderful
efficient secretary make four additional copies and send it to
le1990-11_media(17)_q5w4.htm Same ^ "Feb. 15, 1991: If Tip O'Neill and Pierre Salinger need
luck, who am I to toss this dumb letter!"
le1990-12_dl_w+lcj.htm PhC Well written. Near
end: "So please think abot this. / Good luck!!!" Image of
PhC Starts: "TO: ST. JUDE" Ends: "THANK YOU ST.
JUDE / IT WORKS" Gene Welch gets $7,775,000.00
PhC "The chain came from Venetian" "Constantine
did receive" (did for Dias).
PhC - typed. From web page - Bennett's L28. Female
unbeliever's death. Date estimated.
PhC. Starts: "TO ST. JUDE" "The luck has now been sent to
you." No RAF officer testimonial.
- 16th gen. "Send no money and do not sign this. / St. Jude / It
does Work" 63 dates from 28/2/91.
le1991-03_dl_w'lj_rewr.htm PhC Rewrites. At
start: "Peace be with you. And Peace ..." "You will receive GOOD."
No unbeliever's death.
PhC Starts: "TO: SAINT JUDE" Ends:
"THANK YOU ST. JUDE / IT WORKS" Welch gets
PhC Omits: "Send copies to people you think need good
PhC - posted on USENET. "Original in England" "Fate
has no pride." "Carole Dadditt" "St. Jude / It Works."
PhC Reported on alt.folklore.urban No
unbelievers death. Ends with: "St. Jude / It works, / Pray for
PhC No title (Love omitted). "...faith has no price."
From Middletown, PA.
Standard text. "Saul Anthoney Detroit" "Aria Daccit"
PhC Standard text. All caps. "WITH LOVE ALL
THINGS ARE POSSIBLE!!!" "ST. JUDE / IT WORKS!!!!!!!"
PhC. Date estimated from text. Early KC transfer of Kiss
title (?). Andy Dodd gets better job. "It
le1991u_dl_w-kc.htm PhC No
date - estimated from text. Close to le1991u_dl_w-(kc)! .
Lt. > Email. Romance Game. "On
the 4th day drink a glass of milk and say his name 5 times (the
guy you like.)"
le1992-02_dl_w0c.htm PhC Vertical streaks.
"It has been around the world nine times and the luck has been
PhC Charles H. Bennett's L23. Italic font. "Fate
has no price." "Andy Babbit" does not get a better job.
le1992-02_dl+_wlcj_j-devot.htm PhC "May the
sacred heart of J. be loved adored glorified and preserved
throughout the world ... "
All caps. "A.R.A.D. officer" "Carol Daditt ... her
..." "Remember ir really works."
le1992-05_dl_wlcj.htm PhC. "Saul De Grou"
Standard text. From Reading, PA. Collected by Alan E. Mays.
le1992-05-27_dl_w-lcj_dates.htm PhC - gen. 15+. "He asked his secretary ... A few days later she won a
lottery ..." 15 dates of receipt.
le1992-06_dl_w'lcj.htm PhC fully justified by
spacing. "...must tour the world, you will get a surprise."
"...do not sign this" in postscript.
PhC Charles H. Bennett's L16. Some phrases in
bold. Standard text.
PhC from England. All caps. Original in "New Zealand"
"Send no money and do not sign this" in postscript.
le1993-04_dl_w-(kcl)!.htm PhC. Early KCL transfer.
Like KC trans. but Love retained. South Africa. Andy Dodd. "It
PhC Landscape format. Body of letter in script font.
"Saul Anthony DeGivu". Penultimate "GOOD LUCK"
le1993-06u_dl_wlcj_retyp2.htm PhC. "...fate has no
peace." "... in Sydney who re-typed it again as it was to be
PhC Keystrokes preserved. "John: 3:16" in extreme
lower right corner. Collected by Theresa Preston.
PhC Earliest JKLC transfer. Titled "SAINT JUDE" This
one has no proviso and no doubled money ban.
le1994-03p_dl_wlcj_nature.htm Publ. Goodenough & Dawkins.
"This is love even if you are not
le1994-03_dl_wlcj+.htm PhC "David Fairchild"
St. Jude expansion: "Patron Saint of the Impossible" "Pray
for Us ..." "Amen"
PhC UCLA campus mail. "Kiss ... and make music"
"Samuel Anthony Pierce" "Mr. Fairchild ... died ..."
PhC KCL transfer. South America. Don't send money -
doubled. Andy Dodd. "It Works" deleted as on all KCL.
PhC "Melissa Horton received
the letter and not believing, she threw it away. Nine days later
le1994-11_dl_wlcj.htm PhC "...faith has no
price." "Daian Fairchild" Provided by Anna Guigne.
PhC Earliest KLC transfer. Kiss to Love letter. "he
received ..." - H$ as on Love. "Pan American" officer.
le1994_rg_q4d4.htm Handprinted, this a
copy. Romance Game classroom note. "copy this letter (by hand)" 4
copies in 4 days/
le1995-01_dl_w-kcl.htm PhC KCL transfer.
"provided you in turn send it on." South Africa. Andy
Dodd. "It works" deleted.
PhC Pre-title "MAGIC" then standard Kiss. "...fate has
no control." "...by Samuel Adams Pierce" UCLA
PhC "Gene Wolfe" "...even though you are not
..." No unbeliever's death. From American Folklife Center.
PhC "Gene Wolfe" Very close to le1995-03 & others.
le1995-07_dl_wl+cj_retype-dates.htm PhC. "It works" "St. Jude" Love-Car.
Fourteen dates when retyped. US, 1995.
le1995-08_dl-_wk.htm PhC of handprinting. "Gene Wolfe"
"South Venezuela" "So note the following:" No
PhC Standard KLC transfer. "Pan American officer"
"Carlo Baddit" - no belated copying, no better job.
le1995-08_dl_wlcj.htm PhC "Darlene Fairchild" -
she died nine days later. . "I have retyped it again today in
PhC "MAGIC" - usual kiss title is first sentence.
Rewriting. "Mr. Fairchild ... Nine years later, he died."
PhC KLCJ transfer (first of 2). "Saint Jude" added at
end of a KCL letter. "Pan Am officer" "Cairo Badain"
PhC Elliot and Philippine testimonials transposed.
"Dont ignore this letter."
PhC "Before anything, I would
like to tell you that St. Jude Thaddaeus will help you in
everything ... "
le1995-10_dl_w+lcj.htm PhC "...since passing it
on, he has received $7,750,000." "Three days later ..." "Send love
Note (?) > Email. " ...
say the first and last name of a boy or girl and ... he or she
will ask you out or say ... "
PhC. Kiss-Car-Love transfer. De Groff from South
Africa. No "It Works". from Jean Reherman.
Printed in pencil. Classroom note from 12 year old
girl. Drink a glass of milk, say his name 5 times.
PhC Received 1/15/96 in PA. No death-money
testimonial. "an ARF officer."
PhC All caps. "Joe Elliot" gets $7,775,000. No
Philippines. "Expect a miracle. God bless you."
le1996-01_dl-india_q30_e.htm PhC Cognate to DL type. Late images (3). " ... send them after worshipping Shri Saibaba in your
le1996-02_dl_wjklc.htm PhC JKLC transfer.
"...provided you send it out." Love titled letter text features.
Kiss title. "he broke that chain." "from South Venezuela."
No unbeliever's death testimonial.
Email > PhC. Circulated as email, then as a photocopied
letter. Concludes: "You must not sign this message."
PhC KLC transfer. "Pan Am" officer. "Saul Manthong
Degroug" "Delan Fairchild"
PhC. "If we love, all things are possible." "So note
the following ..."
PhC. "...from South Venezuela." No unbelievers death.
"It does work." Ornate font & border.
PhC. "Do not do the following:" "She finally typed the
letters promised ..."
PhC Kiss title incorporated
into body of letter. Some additions. "This
is the universal law of energy exchange."
le1996-05_dl_w+lc.htm PhC KLC transfer. Added:
"This is a universal law of energy - exchange. ... " Ends:
"Good Luck" after IWP.
le1996-07_dl_w-kcl.htm PhC KCL transfer.
No proviso to receiving good luck. South Africa. "It works"
PhC JKLC transfer. "...provided in turn you send it
out" "an R. A. H. officer" "St. Anthony Degroup"
PhC KLC transfer. "Pan Am" officer. "Sal Manthony
Degroug" "It really works" No "better job"
PhC Very standard text. "A United States Air Force
officer .... whereas John A. Elliot ..."
PhC KLC transfer. "Pan American" officer. "Saul
Mahoney Degroup" "Carlo Baddit" - no better job.
PhC "Carlos Daddits" testimonial combined into
unbelievers death. "Do not send money, do not sign this."
PhC KLC transfer. Deleted: "Since the copy must tour
..." "Carl Baddit" only loses.
PhC JKLC transfer. "Saint Anthony DeGroup"
"Constatidens received ..." "Carl Dadil"
le1996-11_dl_w-lcj_miracle.htm PhC - reduced. "It
Works" dropped. Ends: "God Bless you. Expect a Miracle.
PhC KLC transfer. "While in the Phillippines, Cane
PhC JKLC transfer (last) - all
have "Gene Walls lost his wife ten days ..."
le1997-02_dl+_w'(lkc)!.htm PhC Outlier LKC
transfer (only 1). "A.R.F officer" "Cairo Daddo" loses job -
no better job. Pep talk at end.
PhC Handed to a teacher (Maggie Wells). "95 hours"
"This is true" shifted. Car won in a "raffle".
PhC Title: "A Gift From Above" KC transfer (like
KLC - her L deleted). Note "faxed" for "faded" in Car.
PhC Outlier KCL transfer - Love onto Kiss letter.
Extra title: "Magic". No proviso. Lost wife 6 days after
Pub. Letters to Ambrose Merton. Death & Money
test. rewritten. "For some strange reason it works."
PhC KLCJ transfer (#2 of 2). "Saint Jude" at
end. "Pam Am" officer - as KLC letters. This: money ban doubled.
PhC Extensive rewriting. "Royal Mounted Police" He/she
switch in Philippines. "It really works. / Saint Jude."
Publ. Romance Game. "You
touched this letter so you have to keep it! Send this to 7 people,
le1998-04_htotem1.htm Email>PhC>... Email
to paper! "This Totem actually exists ... in Refuge (near Kona),
Puuhomua o Homaunau."
USENET Post (alt.christnet). From paper. "Gaul
Anthony DeGrou ... from South Africa". "It Works. / St. Jude"
PhC Love title repeated at end. Much non-standard
text. Amounts in pounds. Collected by Jean Bruno Renard.
PhC "Do not ignore this. / St. Jude". "This is true"
& "not superstitious" misplaced.
PhC - word processor. "St. Anthony Decron". Lost job
truncated. Provided by Alexander Okbai.
le2004-04u_mary_tagalog_q24.htm PhC of handwr.
Half is untranslated Tagalog. Title: "A True Child of Mary
Can Never be Lost"
PhC Like 2005-08.
"Do not sign this. / It works." "Saul De Crop" "...
she .... won lottery"
PhC Late KLC transfer. "Carl Baffi" loses job. No
better job. Titled "Untitled" - probably
incorporated file name.
to DWV. "Genio Welsh". "Sal Dee Croop a missionary from South
Africa." Wins car in raffle.
PhC "The Financial Blessings Letter. Based on the dl
type. "God is asking you to help by blessings others too."
lf1928a_glf_q9.htm Publ. in French. English transl. "Chain of
happiness, Good health, Good luck." Close to Flanders type.
Publ. in Fr. Engl. transl. Close to Flanders.
Publ. "Saint Anthony of Padua, I have confidence in you."
Cognate to Blind13 type.
lf1979_dl_n6t_q20.htm PhC Death-Lottery type.
"Trust in God with all your heart and everything will come to pass
and reveal your path."
Publ. "written by a leper" "... his children find death in a fire ... is in a
hospital for the mentally deranged ..."
lf1987_lottery_q24.htm Publ. "... chain comes from Venezuela where it had been found by a
legionnaire ... make the circuit of the world."
lf1991-03_lottery_q25.htm PhC "This letter was written by a Missionary. She comes from
Venezuela." " ... put it aside and
lost his job."
lf1995-01_dl_wlt_q20.htm PhC Close to a standard
US dl letter, incl. Car testimonial.
PhC "Be kind, continue this chain, Saint Anthony
PhC Close to standard US. "Thanks to someone you love
good luck is going to be sent to you."
PhC Lottery type - only combined in US. "Even if
you are not a believer, pay attention to what follows."
Publ. "This letter is coming from a little boy who is
cancerous..." "This little boy accomplishes miracles, ..."
PC - German language with English translation. "We
Germans fear God and nothing else on this world."
PhC - German dl type, no translation. Bennett
collection, his L81.
lh1983-01_lot(3)_q10&20.htm Publ. Three
related Hungarian chains. "A girl in East Germany won ...
but destroyed the writing and died."
Publ., Polish, trans. by Y. . Tishchenko "St. Anthony, pray for us, ask for a benediction for our
family and ..."
Publ., transl by Tishchenko. "A
Pole from America tore this letter and his son vanished
after 13 days."
Publ., Polish, transl by Yana
Tishchenko. "Send it to people who are unlucky, who do not
know or follow God."
lpl1988_vanish_q13.htm Publ., Polish,
translated by Tishchenko "Read an 'Our Father' and an 'Ave
Maria" and pray to Saint Anthony ..."
lpl1992-04_dl_q20.htm PhC. From Preston, Polish,
translated by Natalie Kasprzak. "Read it as soon as possible, kiss
some one you love."
PhC. Portuguese (Brazil). No translation. Title: ORAÇÃO DE SANTO ANTONIO
(Russian). English translation only. DL cognate - reduced.
"Don't tear the letter under any circumstances ..."
Publ. (Russian). English translation only. "God gave him the holy letter and said: 'Re-write it
lr1990_homily_q72d36.htm Publ. (Russian).
English only. "Only the kindness and
beauty of our souls can save us and this world."
Publ. "Chain of St. Anthony" (blind13). English
translation - mostly narrative. No blindness.
PhC. Spanish - no translation. The original copy had a dime taped with Scotch tape on
the letter below the text.
ls1996-05_dl_wklc.htm Email (< paper). Spanish
v. of KLC - no transl. "Besa a alguien que ames cuando recibas esta carta y
MONEY CHAIN LETTERS (101)
Money chain letters urge the recipient to
send money to one or more prior senders, claiming that one can
likewise benefit in the future if sufficient copies are
This category also contains pyramid schemes, which by definition
do not use the mails for recruitment.
m = money, e = English, sd =
Send-a-Dime, D = Dollar, q = copy quota, nx = list with x
names, d = deadline in days
Publ. Denver Post, 4/19/1935. "This charm was
started in the hope of bringing prosperity to you."
me1935-04-20p_sd_trgt!.htm Publ. Denver Rocky
Mountain News. "PS. Be sure to send this to people who will
not break the chain."
Lt. Standard text - handwritten. "Note: Is this
worth a dime to you?" Scan
Prtd. With angel logo. "... send the
person ten cents ... as a charity donation."
Prtd. Ad for Al Jolson at Knickerbocker theatre. 2,000 printed for
Lt. All hand written. Standard language. Circulated in
Texas, then to Indiana.
Prtd. by Talley Printing Co. Wrap dime in paper. Used
in Clevo (TIF). JPG scan
Lt. High Fidelity Pyramid. No common names with other
KC. Correct spelling of "carrying".
Lt. Part of the "Iowa" Send-a-Dime hoard.
Printed letter including five tips at bottom.
Lt. #2 in "Iowa" hoard. Handwritten in pencil.
Lt. #3 in "Iowa" Send-a-Dime hoard.
Handwritten in ink. Postscripts. Ends asking not to break
Publ. "This guaranteed chain letter ..." Ante $1, ten
names, sell two copies.
me1935-05_hifidlty_kc.htm Lt. Early Pyramid Scheme. "High Fidelity / Guaranteed
Prosperity Fraternity". Kansas City.
me1935-05u_hifidlty_nj.htm Lt. Like Kansas City above - this New Jersey. Note
common sp. error "carring". "Don't mail this letter ..."
Pub. Denver Post, 5/10/35. The "certified" letter. No
notarization. "The party who gave me this letter ..."
me1935-05-10_guaranteed_s$1n6.htm Lt. "The Guaranteed
Prosperity Club" "In God We Trust But Not Each Other"
With insider letter.
me1935-05-10_sd_blanks_n5.htm Lt. Typeset with spaces
to fill in names, no. of copies to send, ante to send, etc. Filled
me1935-05-10br!_sd_note.htm Lt. Handwritten.
"Prosperity Club" "Please hand this to another friend if you
do not wish ... " "br" note.
Lt. - handwritten. From Bergrud hoard. "This club was
organized in the hope of bringing prosperity to you."
Lt. -typed. $1 ante. "...hand to five of your friends."
Edgewater, Co. and Denver, Co.
Lt. Standard SD poorly typed. All names is N. Dakota.
"Within three days make five copies of this letter ..."
Prtd. Standard SD. 5 addresses in Mason City, Ia.
Original to James. H. Patterson "Unmailable" Collection.
Publ. "This guaranteed chain letter was started ..."
"... you must personally witness..."
me1935-05-15_s25c_q5_+rec!.htm Lt.>PhC. "Women's
Friendly Exchange" 25c ante. Includes "secret
recipe" for "Gift of God's Cake".
Lt. - image. Large printed title. Names handwritten
at bottom. No "In God we Trust"
Lt. -typed, landscape format. Send
dime - cost 25c. 10% to charity. Complete rewrite.
Lt. - handwritten. With note and dime for recipient to use
Publ. Chain telegram circ. in Washington DC. Five
dollar ante, quote five. No list given.
Carbon copy. $1 ante. Florida. Part of the ACL hoard (rr).
Note on back to Captain Hall.
Lt. "We are sending you a
membership to the prosperity club ..."
me1935-05-22_sd_AlabamaTx.htm Lt. "This chain was
started with the hope of bringing prosperity to you within three
me1935-05-22br_sd+_ndak.htm Lt. - handwritten . Ends 2
pp. with: "Read carefully, and take a chance I did."
Lt. - handwritten. Long note - return if not complying.
Concludes: "Let's go America. Increase employment."
Lt. - handwritten. Title: "Prosperity Chain." With next letter.
Detroit - Canada.
me1935-05-29B_SD_card-board_Canada.htm Lt. handwritten. "...bringing back prosperity for you."
10c "in cardboard or paper."
me1935-05br_sd_trgt+.htm Lt. - handwritten. "Read this
carefully and enjoy prosperity." "...pick out Five friends
that will continue ..."
me1935-05p_sd_give_newrep.htm Publ. New Republic, May 22.
Standard. No wrapping instructions.
Prtd. text, typed names. "Speed it up by enclosing five of
these printed copies with each letter."
me1935-05rr_sd_ret_hap_sav.htm Carbon copy.
Standard SD with return instr. Concludes: "Follow
instructions and see what happens."
me1935-05rr_sd_ret_n5_wayc.htm Column of prtd. text.
Five names at bottom by hand. All Waycross, GA. Return
Carbon copy. All North Carolina. Concludes: "Follow these
instructions and watch the dimes roll in."
Carbon copy of typing. All , Savannah GA. Return
instructions. Like wayc
Prtd. form. All Waycross, GA. Return instructions. Like wayc above.
me1935-05rr_sd+_ret_hap.htm Lt. - typed. Columbia S.C.
(5). Return instructions.
me1935-05rr_sd-25c_ovrprnt.htm Printed form -
overprint in 3 places changes $1 ante to 25c ante. Return instr.
Orlando & Waycross.
Lt. - typed. 25c ante. Return instructions. Concludes:
"Follow instructions and watch the quarters roll in."
Lt. (3). Early? One form with one name at top, two
forms with no names. A restarter!
Publ. Postage and the Mailbag, 6/35. Standard
Carbon copy. Standard SD. Received anonymously in response
to an ad for chain letters.
Publ. Liberty, 6/20/35, "Chain Letter Madness" by
Donald Wickets. Much rewriting.
Publ. New York Times, 6/21/35. Text : Western Union
chain telegraph. Lawsuit for 1/2
of fines - old law.
Lt. - England. Only five names on list. "P.S. If you've been
had, well I've been to but I've great hopes."
me1935-07_s6d_n5q5_publ_e.htm Publ. Clipping with
above. Another 6d chain from England, probably edited.
me1935-07-09_s6d!_n5q5_e.htm Lt. From England. "Send
... SIXPENCE" Ends: "There is no further assessment or catch
... in this ..."
Lt. All hand written. "Prosperity Club" "... send that
person ... a prosperity donation."
me1935up_sd_norman.htm Publ. by Esther Norman. "Be
careful! Choose friends who can be trusted." Other
Publ. by Norman. "One Woman was in a car accident when she
broke the chain." Pos. & neg. testimonials!
me1936_pyr_sqdeal!_s$5n8.htm Prtd. "The 1936 Square
Deal Automobile Club". "A new car for $5.00". Images.
Publ. Chain memberships in Lake San Cristobal
Club Resort, Inc. Descr. only.
Prtd. Pyramid scheme from India. Printed form: The
Money Circulating Company.
Original document. Hoadley's Cities Services gasoline club.
No date, 1937 estimated.
me1938-07-05p1_vacation_s25n5q4.htm Publ. "Act quickly and get your
vacation money." Implies 5 names. Quota 4. Send 25 cents.
me1940-07_warst_s1n4q4_can.htm Lt. - typed. Canadian
war stamp scheme. Send a 25c War Saving Stamp to top name on
list of four.
me1941-01_defend_s25c'n5q4.htm Typed lt. & 4
carbons. "The Defend America Drive." With dated note.
Publ. Pre-Dec. 7, 1941. Promises "approximately
$781.25 in Savings Stamps ..."
me1941u_warstamp_s25c'n4q5.htm Lt. - handwritten.
"Let's Buy Stamps" Debatably pre-war.
me1942-11-09_warst_n5s2_s10forward.htm Lt. -
typed. Ten copies each w. war stamp. Two stamps to top name.
me1942u_warstamp_s25cn5q5.htm Lt. > PhC
Handwritten. "War Stamp Plan" "The chain has been
approved by the U.S. Postal ..."
me1943-01-14_warst_s2n5q10_+s.htm Lt. > PhC. W. 25c
stamp. "Select ten of your friends and send them each a 25c
War Saving Stamp."
Lt. Sent from a private at Ford Ord, Calif., 1943. Send
stamp to top name. Five names, five copies.
me1944-03-28_warstamp_s1n5q5_pc.htm PC. " ...
receive $781 in 25c War stamps." "Lets Help The Boys"
me1944_warst_s2n5q10_rv.htm Carbon copy, war stamp
affixed. Send a war stamp with each of 10 copies. Two to top name.
PhC of typed letter. "War Stamp Plan" "Approximately $781.25
will be sent you if this chain is not broken."
s1n3q5.htm Handwritten. "War Stamp Plan" Send on
25 cent war stamp. Three names, five copies.
Publ. Descr. of an abundant Springfield type
pyramid scheme. 10
names, $2 ante, 2 copies.
Publ. Description only of "Doughnut-Dollar"
pyramid scheme. $1 ante, 11 names.
Publ. Pyramid - house parties. Couples: $2 ante,
ten names. Description.
lt. Pyramid scheme - Wealth Campaign. Ante $5, 11 names, 2 copies.
Publ (2). Descriptions of an auto referral plan. $100
and $50 commissions.
PhC of typing. Springfield type pyramid scheme. With $5
postal money order.
me1968-5-13_vacation_s$6n6q3.htm Lt. "Executive
Vacation Quickie" Mailed pyramid scheme, like 1975, but 3 letters sold
instead of 2.
Lt. Buy (Lt. and $3 MO) for $6;
send MO to top; sell 2(Lt & MO) for $6 each.
Lt. "Do you need $8,000?" Conventional MCL. "...
initiated by William Neham from Nashville ..."
me1975_nelson_s$1n4q20.htm PhC -
spotty. "Do you need $8,000?" "Let Bill
Nelson tell you how I have run one of these ... letters ..."
me1975_pyr_s$5n5.htm Lt. Pyramid scheme. Buy letter
for d; ante 5d to top; make 25 escalated copies; sell for d each,
me1978-07p_cgold_s$50n12_.htm Publ. Parts of the
"Circle of Gold" plan. Like the Springfield process, but
no downline supervision?
me1978-09-06_robards_s$1n3.htm PhC WOULD YOU TRADE
$1.00 FOR $125,000? DO IT . . . . IT
REALLY DOES WORK
me1980-02-17_newage_s$1n4.htm PhC "A New Age
Promotional Letter" "Jill Nelson tells how she has run three
promotional letters ..."
Prtd. on blue paper. Eagle graphic on top right. "initiated
by Nelson Robbards of Boston." Uses "reports".
PhC. Complete English version of "The Circle
of Gold" pyramid scheme. Ante £20 x 2.
me1984_women_s$1n4q10.htm PhC - late gen. "To the
women in my life who know how to dream and create their own
me1986-04_rhodes_s$1x5n5.htm Mimeograph. David Rhodes.
"In September, 1983 my car was repossessed ..." "Today I am
me1988-02-29_rhoda_s$1n5_ring.htm PhC. "My name is
Rhoda Miles." "In November, 1984 my car was repossessed
me1991-01_attorney_s$1x5n5.htm PhC-3pp. "Philip A.
Brown, Attorney at Law" Testimonial: "My name is David Rose."
Plugs a book.
me1993-01_women_s$1n4q10.htm PhC "To the Women
Friends ..." One page only - no names or uses.
me1994-02_women_s$1n4q10.htm PhC "Jill Nelson
ran these prompt letters ..." W. handwritten names,
addresses, uses of money.
Lt. Two hard puzzles - link to
image. "You must pay for the solutions
before ..." Stochastic factor.
me1999-05_rhode_se_s5x$5.htm Lt. "My name is David
Rhode." "Immediately mail a five dollar bill to each of the five
names below." see PS.
me2002-11_loan_s$10n2q50+.htm Prtd. A $10 ante is
called a "loan". P.R.I. mailing list.
me2005-08_retired_s6usd-n6q200.htm Lt. "Greetings! I
am a retired attorney. " "... a man came to me with a letter
...". Analysis - DWV.
me2009-02_oprah_s1x6q200_5pp.htm Lt. Popular money
chain letter. "As seen on Oprah". Analysis proves main testimonial
PhC Oprah, 20/20 headers. From "retired attorney". Buy
list online. My comments.
PhC Oprah 20/20 headers. From "retired attorney".
Quota 200. My comments.
Religious chain letters promote
religious beliefs, causes or practices, but do not ask for money.
If they do they are classified as Charity chain letters.
See also Himmelsbrief.
re1898-05-06_st-joseph_q5w9.htm Lt. "A Prayer to St.
Joseph". Send five copies, pray for 9 days.
"Endless chain of prayer for a revival of religion in
Milwaukee, Wis. Quota five.
Publ. "Prayer to St. Joseph". Said to have been composed
by school girls but like above. Pray for 5 days.
re1905-07-30_prayers_q5.htm Lt. Prayer request for
missionaries. No. 152.
re1906-03-01_prayers_q10.htm PC. Prayer request for
missionary work and for new missionaries. No. 679/1000.
FlowerOfJesus_q3n1w4.htm Lt. "Say three Our Father's and three Hail
Mary's" "...approved by the Sisters of St. Francis."
Lt. "... a prayer for peace." "... say Hail Mary or
Our Father once a day for nine days."
Publ. "... a novena to Our Lady of Fatima."
"for peace." Judged communist in 1951 article.
Publ. " ...join me
in a Prayer for World Peace by repeating ... for nine days."
No threat, mild promise.
exchange letter but w. prayers. "WARNING: Disaster is likely to
strike if you break the chain."
Lt. (text emailed). "... a NOVENA from Mother Theresa." "Say
4 Our Fathers and 4 Hail Marys."
re2010-06-28_anon-christian.htm PhC Book page on
windshield. "The Bible contains the mind of God, the state of man,
the way of ..."
WORLD RECORD (9 + 14)
The world record chain letters motivate
replication exclusively by claiming distribution of copies will
likely set a world record and that participants will be
acknowledged. They circulated primarily among children after
the new millennium, having developed from a lineage of postcard
The list below contains both the earlier exchange letters (x-) and
the subsequent world record letters (w-).
ABBREVIATIONS FOR THE "kids" TYPE CHAIN LETTERS.
From the file names: x = exchange, w = world record, e = English, pc
= postcard, kids = a type of
postcard exchange and world record chain letter
that explicitly declares its intent to circulate among
children, nost = no stamp
required for delivery, s = send,
nx = a list with x names and addresses is
present, n0 = list is absent,
q = copy quota.
Abbreviations used in the annotations.
Germany = The letter originated in Germany. Also Australia,
Record Breakers = The letter was mentioned on this
PO-apr = The Post Office has approved the letter. Often
the US Post Office. Usually approved for children, or as a
"game" for children.
NevBr = The chain (letter) has never been "broken".
DelBr = Delay Breaks. To delay, that is, exceed a stated
time limit to send copies, constitutes breaking the chain.
SendPC = Send a post card to the top name on the list.
GBWR = If the chain is not broken by a certain date, the letter
will appear in the Guinness Book of World Records.
GBWR-N = The names of all the participants will also
appear in Guinness, often that the recipient's own name will
KidsOnly = Send the copies of the letter exclusively to
kids, or to friends 16 and under, or 18 and under.
9Yrs = If you break the chain, all the participants will
have to wait 9 years before they get another chance for a world
Decl = Declaration. Sender must write on the envelope:
"Guinness Book of World Records for Children", often where stamp
PO-track = The post office is tracking the chain letter,
as by determining if it is broken, or who broke it, or whose
name should go in Guinness.
NamesVis = Names Visible. The list of names is to be
written on the envelope, usually on its back, often to
RecLet = You will receive a letter documenting your
participation, or a thank you, or verification that your name
will be in the record book.
"!" (after an abbreviation) = this is the
earliest example of the corresponding statement among the kids
type chain letters.
The abbreviations in the annotations following each letter file
are in the same order as the corresponding statements in the
s1n6q6.htm PO-apr!, SendPC,
NevBr!, DelBr! "... approved
by the USPS as an educational game for children."
GBWR!, NevBr, SendPC, DelBr, PO-apr. "Do this within 4 days or the
chain will be broken."
xe1987-05_pc_kids_s1n6qf.htm Record Breakers!, SendPC, DelBr, GBWR.
"This is an international chain children's letter ..."
GBWR, NevBr, SendPC, PO-apr. "Please
do not spoil it for the rest of us."
SendPC. "Within a few weeks you will receive 36
postcard from all over the world."
Germany, GBWR-N!, SendPC, DelBr, 9Yrs! "... we would
have to wait another nine years ..."
Germany, GBWR-N, NevBr, SendPC, DelBr, 9Yrs, PO-apr.
"... started by 6 kids in Germany in 1996."
Germany, GBWR-N, NevBr, SendPC, 9Yrs, PO-apr.
"If it can keep going though 1996, it
will be in ..."
GBWR-N, NevBr, KidsOnly!, SendPC, DelBr, PO-apr. "Copy this word for word and ... to six kids."
GBWR-N, NevBr, PO-track!, DelBr, NamesVis!. "... no stamp is
we2001-04-18_kids_n4q6.htm Australia!, GBWR, NevBr,
KidsOnly, PO-track, NamesVis, Decl!, DelBr. Says it is not a
"stupid chain letter".
Austr., GBWR, NevBr, PO-track, Decl, NameVis,
DelBr, KidsOnly. "... post offices are keeping track..."
we2001-07-26_kids_n0q6.htm Austr., GBWR, NevBr, KidsOnly, PO-track, Decl,
NamesVis, DelBr. "... kids will do the longest chain lt."
Austr., GBWR, NevBr, KidsOnly, PO-track, Decl, NameVis,
DelBr. "We are trying to break a world record!"
we2005-04-23_kids_nost_n0q7.htm GBWR, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet!.
"Please do not be the first one to break it!"
we2005-07-19_kids_stamp_n6q6.htm GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl,
PO-track, NamesVis, KidsOnly. "P.S. Lots of kids are counting on
we2005-09-06_kids_nost_n0q7.htm GBWR-N, NevBr,
PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "... to help kids who started
this letter in 1996?"
GBWR-N, NevBr, PO-track, Decl, DelBr, NamesVis, RecLet. "In a
month ... receive notification ..."
GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. " ... the
post office knows who broke the chain."
GBWR-N, NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "... 4 days
to send it to 7 people under ... 16."
we2007-02-06_kids_nost_n6q7_de.htm GBWR-N, NevBr,
Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "... receive a thank you
letter." Note: mother.
NevBr, Decl, PO-track, ,KidsOnly RecLet. "... be cool to see your
name in the Guinness ..."
NevBr, Decl, PO-track, KidsOnly, RecLet. "DON'T THROW THIS
EXCHANGE CHAIN LETTERS (111)
The exchange chain letters ask that
an item of small value be sent to one or more prior senders,
promising that if a specified number of copies are distributed the
sender will in turn receive many such items.
x = Exchange, quiltp
= quilt patch, handk = handkerchief, pc =
postcard, wrag = wash rag, turktwl = Turkish towel, rec =
pbbook = paper back book, ch-book = children's book
Publ. Joking exchange of a 75c golf ball. List
not provided, nor number of names in list.
xe1941-07_pc_s3n4q4.htm PC Rodeo Card: Alice Sisty,
Mexico City Cowgirl, in Roman Jumps.
xe1935-09-18br_quiltp_s1n5q5.htm Lt. "Happy Day Quilt Block". With 3
annotated polygonal paper patterns. "Happy Days for You!!"
Lt. "World Friend Quilt Chain" "Do
you want your fortune told? I enclose a coupon."
Lt. Small format. "In turn, as your name comes to the top
of the list, you will receive 256 hankies."
"Happy Day quilt block chain" With three annotated
polygonal paper patterns.
xe1935u_handk_s1n4q4.htm Lt. "If you have the faith your friends have, this
chain will not
be broken." Found in a book.
Lt. Send-a-Dime text! e.g. "Isn't that worth a
hankie?" Intermediate example.
Lt. Some Send-a-Dime influence. "Do as quickly as
xe1936-11-04z1_stamps_s10n6q5.htm Typed Lt. "How to increase your stamp
collektion" (sic). With German version in Swiss cover.
Typed Lt. From same as above. With German
version (not transcribed). Swiss cover.
xe1937-02-26p_teatowel_s1n3q3_.htm Publ. (Pittsburgh Press) fragment.
"...just for the fun of it."
xe1937-05-07_handk_s1n3q3.htm PC "Pin your name and address to the
handkerchief you send."
Publ. Deadline 3 also. "You should get 135 ...."
(or 155). Postmistress compares to Send-a-Dime.
xe1938-04-19_handk_n3s1x3q5 PhC > PC.
Copy of eBay lot.
3 names, one to each, quota 5. Kentucky.
PC > Copy. Taken from eBay auction
photos. "This chain was started to help U see more view cards."
PC =CARD CHAIN= "You may send
one or more card to the above name."
(Indianapolis). Exchange postcards. "Mail four copies to
Exchanges Postcards. "Card shower."
Send 4, 4 names, 4 copies.
xe1939-07_pc_s4n4_dates.htm PC "To add new and interesting cards to you collection
send a view card to each name below."
Send one view card and five copies.
Four names. US, 1939?
xe1939u_pc_s4n4q5.htm PC "4. Mrs. E. H.
Morton, Box 103, Blue Rapids, Ks. (Capitals + Churches
xe1940-04sb!_hanky_s 1n3q4.htm PC sb=Sebacher
horde (9). Photocopied pc's from James Patterson. "Would you
join my hanky club?
Lt. > PhC "Get ... 36 dish towels at the price of
one within three days." Mailman's note on legality.
"Send a handkerchief to the above names (3). You should
receive yours at once - 155 in
xe1940-11_pc_s1n5q5.htm PC "P.S. Please write.
Haven't heard from you for a long time."
xe1941-02_apron_s1n2q5.htm PC-USPS Apron Club.
"From the James H. Patterson "Unmailable"
PC>PhC-sb "You will have fun when your aprons begin to come in."
xe1941-02-18sb_wrag_s2n2q5_note.htm PC>PhC "... I thought
you & Doris said she had enough wash rags in her cedar
xe1941-02-18sb_wrag_s2q5n2.htm PC>PhC "... you will receive
30 wash rags immediately instead of waiting till your name
reaches the top."
xe1941-02-26sb_apron_s1n2q5.htm PC>PhC "This club is
to increase your apron supply."
"Do not break this chain for it is fun to see where they come from."
"Omit top name and send her an apron.
Add your name to the bottom."
PC>PhC "You should receive 36 towels."
xe1941-05_pc_s1n3q5.htm PC All text: "Send a Card to top name. Omit and add Your name then
make 5 copies and send to 5 friends."
PC - "Negro - 'heben' - a watermelon feast in Dixie." "Make 5 copies of this card to send to 5 pals ..."
xe1942-10_pc_s3n3q5_future.htm PC "Future Card
Club" "Send a card to all names on this card. And receive
over 100 cards."
xe1943-03_pc_s1n6q5.htm PC "Send card to top
name discard their name add yours to bottom. You will receive 160
PC > PhC. James H. Patterson "Unmailable" Collection.
Stamped: "Received For / Trial / From K. C. Kans"
PC "View Card Club"
PC "Mail one view card to each
of the following."
xe1945-06_pc_s1n5q5.htm PC - PB2-Y-2
Navy Plane in Flight, over San Diego. Town address: "Rowe Miller / Nikep, Md."
xe1945-11_pc_s5n5q5.htm PC > Transcribed from an
auction photo. "Postcard Club"
PC "Send each name a scenic
card." Town address, sent to: "James Bartels Revere, Mo"
xe1946-10_pc_girls_s5n5q5.htm PC Gender
specific: "Send a post card to each of
these girls. then make 5 copies and send to 5 girls."
xe1947-01_pc_s5n5q5.htm PC>PhC (copy lost).
"Send to each a card below." Provided by Rev. Michael M.
Transcribed from auction photo. Sender used blue address stamp -
PC No predicted amount. Town address: "Mrs. Mae Frey /
PC> Transcribed from auction photo. List & address
has seven different states.
PC View card exchange. Erie, Pa. beach. Six names,
send six, quota five.
xe1948-02_teatowel_s1n2q6.htm PC "The Tea Towel
Publ. Denounced by local Postmaster.
PC - USPS. Instructions could mean to send Turkish
towel to top name on list after revised for sending.
xe1948-05_hanky_s3n3q5.htm Lt. Send to 5 of your
friends in 3 days." Letter: "Did Jo send you a 'Hankie Club'
Lt. "This club is different because
you start receiving hankies at once ..."
xe1950-05_teatowel_s1n2q6.htm Lt. "If you do not want
to do this, send to the last name on the list. Thank you,
xe1951-02-13_hankies_s1n4q4_e.htm Lt. England. Have a
response to same
person, same chain letter.
Lt. "Dear Friend" "Our club has started a tea towel Chain."
Publ. Pantie Club. Partial. Quota six, two names.
Article describes high volume mailing.
Lt. - handwritten in green ink.
"This is legal as no money is involved."
Publ. Exchanges fishing "plugs" (lures). 6 c., 2 names,
deadline 3 days. Abundant.
xe1954-06_pc_s1n4q4.htm PC "International
Friendship Game" " ... and send them to 4 of your friends
(especially young people)."
Lt. "This is not illegal as no money
is involved - - just good cooking."
xe1959-09u_rec_s1n2q4.htm Lt. "Please mail one
of your favorite recipes to the top names."
xe1961-02_stamps_s25n5q5.htm Lt. - typed. Kenya,
Tanganyika & Uganda cover. "We are all stamp collectors
Lt. QSL = confirms reception of signal. List works in reverse -
drop bottom name. QSL card enclosed.
xe1968u_qslcard_s9n10q10.htm Lt. List of 10 names
works in usual way. "In twenty days you should receive 250
Lt. "This is a recipe club!"
Lt. from Japan to US. Innovations. "Please send a picture post card to the first person on
xe1974-10_pc_s1n2q6.htm PC - typed & writing.
Spokane World's Fair. "We will trade one for one with
you if you like."
Lt. > PhC Preston. " ... please send a copy
of this letter to six friends and a recipe to the two names
Lt. Two names left & right. "Please don't
spoil the fun for those who have joined."
Lt. "This is a recipe club ..."
Note (part): "I sent one to Trice too, so don't put her on
xe1976-06_pc_kids! s1n6q6.htm Lt. "This is a chain letter approved by the US. Postal
Service as an educational game for children." Kids!
xe1979_rec_s1n3q6.htm Lt. - red. "This is a
recipe club; no money is involved."
Lt. Blank slots for 2 names, but may have been more. "You
should receive 124 recipes."
xe1981-03_pc_s1n5q8_discr.htm PhC For
"discriminating collector". Freud, whales,
cemeteries, pre-1948 Palestine, retro-futuro aesthetics.
PhC For folklorists as below. Interests: anything
involving visual humor, anything obscene, jokes, graffiti.
PhC Said to be for folklorists. Preferences: Old cars
& trucks, people eating, architecture, animals, women.
Lt. Two names left & right. "My apologies for the
xe1985-09_pc_kids_s1n6q6.htm PhC - late, handwr. Kid's
PC exchange. "... if it goes on till 1985 it will be in the
guiness book of records."
xe1987-05_pc_kids_s1n6qf.htm PhC of typing. "This letter was started in Switzerland and even Prince
William is on the list."
xe1988-03_potholder_s1n2q6.htm Lt. "This is not
a chain letter, but a pot holder club."
Lt. > PhC "Please send a copy of your favorite
recipe to the person listed as #1."
Lt. > PhC From note: "This is what married people
do for fun."
xe1989-07_dishtowel_s1n2q6.htm Lt. > PhC.
"This is not a chain letter, but a dishtowel club."
xe1989u_troutfly_s1n5q6_uk.htm PhC "The
Trout-fly Fun Club." "It's a real surprise to see the
assortment you receive."
xe1991-02_pc_kids_s1n5q6.htm Lt - Word Processor. " ... started by children in Germany as an educational
experience, began in 1985."
- WP. "This is a dish towel club, not a chain letter,
although it may look suspiciously like a one."
xe1992-12_panty_s1n2q6.htm PhC "This is a Panty
should receive 36 paris of NEW (let's make that clear), NEW,
xe1993-08_panty_s1n2q6.htm Lt. "This is a pretty
panties exchange" "Remember to include your size ..."
Collected by Paul Smith.
PhC "Used Paperback Book Club" "There should be
only 2 names on the list at all times."
PhC "Believe it or not, this is a DOGGIE TOY
xe1995-08_tshirt_s1n2q10.htm Lt. - formal headings
from a Dean at UC Boulder. Note from Vice Chancellor. Two names
side by side.
Lt. > PhC Names deleted. Described in 3 numbered
steps. "It is fun and legal."
"This game has been organized by young persons all over the
world." No mention of world record.
xe1996-02_stamps_s30n8q5+.htm Prtd. (table) > PhC
"The Forever Stamp Exchanger" " ... one to the person
you are sending stamps to."
PhC of handwr. from spiral binder. "This is a chain letter from Sil in Germany."
xe1996-08_pc_kids_s1n5q6.htm Lt. - handwr in blue ink.
"I sure hope you don't break the
xe1996-09_collctbl_s1n13.htm PhC. "Super Exchange" 12 addr.,
10 Xed, all women. For: phone cards, stickers, postcards w.
rabbits or clouds.
PhC. Exchanges grocery coupons. "Make
lots of copies and send a copy along with all your trades."
xe1996-10_pc_kids_s1n8q6.htm PhC of Word Pr.
"This game has been approved by the Postal Service as an
education game for children."
xe1996-10_stamps_s50n4.htm PhC - smudged. "The
Forever Stamp Exchange" "Send as many copies as possible to
xe1996-10_stamps_s50n4q20+.htm PhC "The Forever
Stamp Exchange" (above). "Feel free to
include collecting interests under your name."
xe1996-12_button_s1n2q6.htm PhC "This is a Button Tree. There is no money involved, so it
can be fun"
xe1996-12_lottery_s1n2q6.htm Lt. Came with one
scratcher - note said send back for cashing if a winner. You send
1+6. Said to get 36.
PhC - names cut off. "We want to break the record."
"Copy this word for word and send it to six kids."
xe2006-07_ch-book_s1n2q6.htm PhC. Two level
exchange of children's books. Claims "cleared by the US Post
xg1936-11z1_stamps_s10n6q5.htm Typed Lt. German
version of xe1936-11z1_stamps_s10n6q5.
PhC Portuguese (Brazil) - no translation. "Esta corrente foi iniciada
por crianças alemas."
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